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Battle of Nonne Bosschen Fanciful painting of the 2nd Ox & Bucks, Nonne Bosschen, defeating the Prussian Guard, 1914 (W.B. Wollen) The French XVI Corps reached the area from St Eloi to Wytschaete on 1 November, to reinforce the cavalry Corps and the IX Corps attacked further north near Becelaere, which relieved the German pressure on both flanks of I Corps. By 3 November, Armeegruppe Fabeck had lost 17,250 men in five days and of 84 infantry battalions in the BEF which had come to France with about 1,000 officers and men each, 75 had fewer than 300 men, of which 18 battalions were under 100 men strong, despite receiving replacements up to 28 October. Foch planned an offensive towards Messines and Langemarck for 6 November, to expand the salient around Ypres. The attack was forestalled by German attacks on the flanks from 5–9 November. On 9 November, the Germans attacked the French and Belgians between Langemarck and Dixmude, forcing them back to the Yser, where the Belgians blew the crossings. After a lull, the German attacks resumed in great force from 10–11 November, mainly on the 4th Army front from Langemarck to Dixmude. On 10 November, ​12 1⁄2 German divisions of the 4th and 6th Armies, Armeegruppe Fabeck and XXVII Reserve Corps attacked from Nonne Bosschen (Nun's Copse) and the edge of Polygon Wood, to Gheluvelt and across the Menin Road to Shrewsbury Forest in the south. On 11 November, the Germans attacked from Messines to Herenthage, Veldhoek woods, Nonne Bosschen and Polygon Wood. Massed small-arms fire repulsed German attacks between Polygon Wood and Veldhoek. The German 3rd Division and 26th Division broke through to St Eloi and advanced to Zwarteleen, some 3,000 yd (2,700 m) east of Ypres, where they were checked by the British 7th Cavalry Brigade. The remains of II Corps from La Bassée, held a 3,500 yd (3,200 m) front, with 7,800 men and 2,000 reserves against 25 German battalions with 17,500 men. The British were forced back by the German 4th Division and British counter-attacks were repulsed. Next day, an unprecedented bombardment fell on British positions in the south of the salient between Polygon Wood and Messines. German troops broke through along the Menin road but could not be supported and the advance was contained by 13 November. Both sides were exhausted by these efforts; German casualties around Ypres had reached about 80,000 men and BEF losses, August – 30 November, were 89,964, 54,105 at Ypres. The Belgian army had been reduced by half and the French had lost 385,000 men by September, 265,000 men having been killed by the end of the year.

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>Battle of Nonne Bosschen Fanciful painting of the 2nd Ox & Bucks, Nonne Bosschen, defeating the Prussian Guard, 1914 (W.B. Wollen)  The French XVI Corps reached the area from St Eloi to Wytschaete on 1 November, to reinforce the cavalry Corps and the IX Corps attacked further north near Becelaere, which relieved the German pressure on both flanks of I Corps. By 3 November, Armeegruppe Fabeck had lost 17,250 men in five days and of 84 infantry battalions in the BEF which had come to France with about 1,000 officers and men each, 75 had fewer than 300 men, of which 18 battalions were under 100 men strong, despite receiving replacements up to 28 October. ⇒「ノンヌ・ボッシェンの戦い」 □1914年のプロイセン護衛隊を破った第2オックス&バックス、ノンヌ・ボッシェン想像図の絵画(W.B.ウォレン)  11月1日、フランス第XVI軍団がサン・エロイからウィツシャテまでの地域に到着して騎兵隊軍団を強化し、第IX軍団がベセレール近くでさらに北を攻撃し、第I軍団の両側面に対するドイツ軍の圧力を緩和した。11月3日までに、ファベック方面軍グループは5日間で17,250人の兵士を失い、BEFがフランスに来たときは84個の歩兵大隊で、それぞれの大隊が将校と兵士1,000人ずつの編成であった。そして、10月28日までに交替要員を受け入れたにもかかわらず、その84個のうち75個が300人未満となり、さらにそのうち18個の大隊は100人以下となった。 >Foch planned an offensive towards Messines and Langemarck for 6 November, to expand the salient around Ypres. The attack was forestalled by German attacks on the flanks from 5–9 November. On 9 November, the Germans attacked the French and Belgians between Langemarck and Dixmude, forcing them back to the Yser, where the Belgians blew the crossings. After a lull, the German attacks resumed in great force from 10–11 November, mainly on the 4th Army front from Langemarck to Dixmude. On 10 November, 12 1⁄2 German divisions of the 4th and 6th Armies, Armeegruppe Fabeck and XXVII Reserve Corps attacked from Nonne Bosschen (Nun's Copse) and the edge of Polygon Wood, to Gheluvelt and across the Menin Road to Shrewsbury Forest in the south. ⇒11月6日、フォッシュはイープル周辺の突出部を拡大すべくメシーヌとランゲマルクへの攻撃を計画した。この攻撃は11月5日-9日、側面隊に対するドイツの攻撃によって阻止された。11月9日、ドイツ軍はランゲマルクとディクスムードの間のフランス軍とベルギー軍を攻撃して彼らをイゼールに押し戻したが、そこでベルギー軍は交差地点を爆破し、吹き飛ばした。小康状態のあと、11月10日-11日に、主にランゲマルクからディクスムードまでの第4方面軍の前線で、ドイツ軍の攻撃が大規模に再開された。11月10日、ドイツ第4、第6方面軍の12個半の師団、ファベック方面軍グループおよび第XXVII予備軍団は、ノンヌ・ボッシェン(ヌンの雑木林)とポリゴン・ウッドの端からゲルベルトまでを、そして、メニン道を越えて南のシュルーベリー森林までを攻撃した。 >On 11 November, the Germans attacked from Messines to Herenthage, Veldhoek woods, Nonne Bosschen and Polygon Wood. Massed small-arms fire repulsed German attacks between Polygon Wood and Veldhoek. The German 3rd Division and 26th Division broke through to St Eloi and advanced to Zwarteleen, some 3,000 yd (2,700 m) east of Ypres, where they were checked by the British 7th Cavalry Brigade. The remains of II Corps from La Bassée, held a 3,500 yd (3,200 m) front, with 7,800 men and 2,000 reserves against 25 German battalions with 17,500 men. The British were forced back by the German 4th Division and British counter-attacks were repulsed. ⇒11月11日、ドイツ軍はメシーヌからヘレンタージュ、フェルドホエクの森、ノンヌ・ボッシェン、およびポリゴン・ウッドを攻撃した。小火器の大量砲撃でポリゴン・ウッドとフェルドホエク間のドイツ軍攻撃は撃退された。ドイツ軍の第3師団と第26師団がサン・エロイに突入し、イープルから東に約3,000ヤード(2,700m)離れたツヴァルテレーンに進み、そこで英国の第7騎兵旅団に阻止された。ラ・バセからの第II軍団の残り兵は、17,500人の兵士を擁するドイツ軍25個大隊に対して、7,800人の兵士と2,000人の予備兵をもって3,500ヤード(3,200 m)の前線を保持していた。(しかし)英国軍はドイツ軍第4師団に撃退され、英国軍の反撃は撃退された。 >Next day, an unprecedented bombardment fell on British positions in the south of the salient between Polygon Wood and Messines. German troops broke through along the Menin road but could not be supported and the advance was contained by 13 November. Both sides were exhausted by these efforts; German casualties around Ypres had reached about 80,000 men and BEF losses, August – 30 November, were 89,964, 54,105 at Ypres. The Belgian army had been reduced by half and the French had lost 385,000 men by September, 265,000 men having been killed by the end of the year. ⇒翌日、ポリゴン・ウッドとメシーヌの間にある突出部の南で前例のない砲撃が英国軍の陣地に着弾した。ドイツ軍はメニン道に沿って突破したが、支持を受けることができず、進軍隊は11月13日までに封じ込められた。双方ともこれらの奮戦で大疲弊した。イープル周辺のドイツ軍の死傷者は約80,000人に達し、8月-11月30日のBEFの損失は89,964人、イープルで54,105人であった。ベルギー軍は半減し、フランス軍は9月までに385,000人を失い、年末までに265,000人が死亡した。

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