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The Battle of Jutland is considered to be the only major naval battle of World War One. Jutland witnessed the British Navy losing more men and ships but the verdict of the Battle of Jutland was that the German Navy lost and was never in a position again to put to sea during the war. Admiral John Jellicoe’s tactics were criticised by some, but after the battle the British Navy remained a powerful fighting force whereas the German High Seas fleet was not. Why was the battle fought? It was generally believed that Britain had naval supremacy not only in Europe but also throughout the world. One of the major clashes involving Germany and Britain before the outbreak of war in August 1914, was what was described as the naval race between the two nations. The British public had grown to believe that Britain could not be challenged when its navy was concerned. The song “Rule Britannia” was very much in this mould as the song starts “Rule Britannia, Britannia rules the waves, Britain never, never, never shall be slaves.” A strong British navy was expected by the public, as was the inevitable naval victory.

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以下のとおりお答えします。 「ユトランドの海戦」と強力な英国海軍について述べています。 >The Battle of Jutland is considered to be the only major naval battle of World War One. Jutland witnessed the British Navy losing more men and ships but the verdict of the Battle of Jutland was that the German Navy lost and was never in a position again to put to sea during the war. Admiral John Jellicoe’s tactics were criticised by some, but after the battle the British Navy remained a powerful fighting force whereas the German High Seas fleet was not. ⇒「ユトランドの戦闘」は、第一次世界大戦中の唯一の大きな海戦であると考えられる。ユトランドは、より多くの兵員と船舶を失った英国海軍の舞台となったが、しかし、ユトランド戦闘の評決は、ドイツ海軍が敗退して、大戦の間は二度と出帆拠点海域とはならなかった、ということである。ジョン・ジェリコー提督の戦術は、それを批判する者もあったとはいえ、戦後、英国海軍は強力な戦闘部隊のままであったが、他方ドイツ公海艦隊は、そうはいかなかった。 >Why was the battle fought? It was generally believed that Britain had naval supremacy not only in Europe but also throughout the world. One of the major clashes involving Germany and Britain before the outbreak of war in August 1914, was what was described as the naval race between the two nations. The British public had grown to believe that Britain could not be challenged when its navy was concerned. The song “Rule Britannia” was very much in this mould as the song starts “Rule Britannia, Britannia rules the waves, Britain never, never, never shall be slaves.” A strong British navy was expected by the public, as was the inevitable naval victory. ⇒なぜ、戦いは行われたか? 通常、英国にはヨーロッパだけでなく世界中に対して制海権を持つと思われていた。1914年8月、大戦勃発の直前にドイツと英国が関係した大衝突の1つは、両国間の海軍競走と言われたのであった。英国の市民は、その海軍に関する限り、英国が挑発を受けるようなことはありえない、と信じるまでになっていたのである。「支配はブリタニア」という歌は、「ブリタニアが統治せんことを、ブリタニアは波を支配す、決して、決して、決して、スラブの民に非ず」と始まるように、実にこの型ぴったりの歌であった。常勝の海軍であっただけに、市民から強い英国海軍が期待さていた。

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