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The Battle of Jutland was the only major sea battle of World War One. It was a battle that Britain, with its long naval tradition, was widely expected to win. Germany's fleet, under the command of Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer, was aware of the Royal Navy Grand Fleet's superiority in terms of numbers, and wanted to lure Britain's battle cruisers into a trap. The German admiral's strategy was to draw portions of the British fleet into battle with a strike at Allied shipping off the Norwegian coast. However, British admiralty intelligence intercepted a German radio message saying the High Seas Fleet was preparing to leave port and the commander of the British fleet, Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, sailed from Scapa Flow in Orkney to intercept it. There were a series of clashes throughout 31 May, including the loss of HMS Indefatigable which was hit by German shellfire and exploded in a ball of flame. From a crew of 1,019 men, only two survived. HMS Queen Mary was also sunk, with the loss of 1,266 crew.

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ユトランドの戦いは、第一次世界大戦における唯一の大海戦だった。それは英国の長い海軍の伝統の中でも広く勝利を期待された戦いだった。 ドイツ艦隊はラインハルト・シーア中将の指揮下にあったが、英海軍(王立海軍)大艦隊が数において勝ることを認識しており、巡洋戦艦群を罠にかける為に誘い出そうとしていた。 ドイツ提督の戦略は、ノルウェイ沖で連合国通商路を破壊する戦いに、英国艦隊の一部を引き込もうとするものだった。 しかしながら、英国海軍本部(*)情報部は、(ドイツ)大洋艦隊が出港の準備を行っているというドイツ側の無線通信を傍受し、英国艦隊司令官である海軍大将ジョン・ジョリコー卿はそれを阻止するためオークニーのスキャパフローから出航した。 5月31日を通じて一連の激戦が行われ、HMSインデファティガブルはドイツの砲撃を受けて大火炎を上げて爆発し沈没した。 1019名の乗組員のうち生存者はたった2名だった。 HMSクイーン・メアリーもまた、乗員1266名を失って沈没した。 *)軍令部(日)または海軍作戦本部(米)の訳もあります。

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