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Just last year, Toyota announced four robots made to help paralyzed patients walk or balance themselves. The company plans to commercialize the robots sometime in 2013. Pictured above is one of the four robots, the Balance Training Assist. The robot acts as a two-wheeled balancing game. The machine displays one of three sports games on a monitor and requires the patient to make moves in the game by shifting his/her weight on the robot. Other medical robots developed by Toyota include The Walk Training Assist robot and the Independent Walk Assist robot. The Walk Training Assist robot mounts on a paralyzed leg and detects movement of the hips through sensors at the thigh and foot. The robot helps the knee swing and the leg move forward to facilitate walking. The Independent Walk Assist robot is designed for walking training. In addition to helping the leg bend and move forward, the robot supports the patient's weight. The robot adjusts to support less weight as the patient's walking improves. The Assist robots can also monitor metrics, such as joint angles, allowing physicians to more easily track a patient's progress.

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ほんの昨年のことだが、トヨタは、麻痺した患者が自分で歩いたり、倒れないように体の釣り合いをとったりするのを補助できる4台のロボットを発表した。会社は、2013年のうちには、同ロボットを商業化する計画だ。上に描いたのはその4台のロボットのうちの1台で、「平衡感覚訓練補助号」である。ロボットは、2つの車輪でバランスをとるゲーム機のように作動する。ロボットはモニター上に3つのスポーツゲームの1つを示し、患者がゲームの中で自分の体重をロボットに移動する動きをするように要求する。 トヨタによって開発された他の医学用ロボットには、歩行訓練補助ロボットと独立歩行補助ロボットが含まれる。歩行訓練補助ロボットは、麻痺した足に装着し、腿と足についたセンサーを通してお尻の動きを検出する。ロボットは、歩行が容易になるよう、膝を曲げたり脚を前へ動かすのを手伝う。独立歩行補助ロボットは、歩行訓練用に設計されている。脚を曲げたり前へ動かすことを手伝うのに加えて、ロボットが患者の体重を支える。ロボットは患者の歩行を改善しながら、体重支持がなくても済む方向へ調整していく。補助ロボットはまた、関節の角度などの数値もモニターできるので、医師にとっては、患者の進歩状況をより容易に追跡できるようになる。

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