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※ ChatGPTを利用し、要約された質問です(原文:英文を日本語に訳してください。)

Detecting Lies: Eye Movements and Micro-gestures

  • Eye movement is an indication of accessing memory.
  • Eye movement to the right indicates thinking about the future.
  • Micro-gestures like nose wrinkling and mouth curling are common in liars.


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<訳例> 眼球運動は、嘘をつくことのもう一つの信頼できる徴候です。 過去ついて考えている時、人が左上の方に目を向け、そして、未来ついて考えている時、右上の方に目を向けるのは、普通のことです。 たとえば、あなたが人々に彼らの最初の車の色または彼らの過去に関する何らかの他の質問をするならば、彼らは自分の記憶にアクセスするために左上の方を見ます。その代わりに、右を見上げるならば、彼らは将来について考えています。そして、それは彼らが返答を作りあげているらしいことを示します。 警官は、尋問の際、いつも決まって眼球運動をモニターするように訓練されています。 サンフランシスコのカリフォルニア大学、心理学教授、ポール・エクマンによると、観察すると役に立つ「マイクロ・ジェスチャー」と呼ばれている小さな体の動きが、あります。 うそと関係している最も一般的なマイクロ・ジェスチャーの2つは、鼻をしかめる動きと口元をゆがめる動きです。 鼻をしかめる動きは、あなたが不快な何かを嗅いだ時に、自然に起こるのと同じジェスチャーです。 他の顔のマイクロ・ジェスチャーは、口の端をかすかに下方へゆがめる動きです。 主要な体のジェスチャーの全てを隠そうとする意識的な努力をしているうそつきさえ、それでもまだ、マイクロ・ジェスチャーを発信します。 人々は時として嘘をつきますが、彼らのボディーランゲージは常に真実を伝えているのです! <設問> (1) past (2) future






  • 英文を日本語に訳し、()に入る言葉を選んでください

    When a person`s words do not agree with his or her body language, on which should you rely? Can you tell when someone is lying to you? Aside from some kinds of criminals, some politicians and those with psychological problems, most people become uncomfortable when telling a lie and send signals about their lies through their body language. If people`s words disagree with their body language, you would be wise to rely on their body language as a more accurate reflection of their true feelings. Eye, nose, and mouth movement, along with hand gestures, are the four major non-verbal cues typically associated with lying. The statue of the Tree Wise Monkeys accurately shows the primary hand-to-face gestures associated with lying. When people are doubtful or lying, they often use their fingers to block their mouth ( 1 ) they were filtering their words. This hand-to-mouth geture is commonly referred to as "speak no evil." The second hand gesture associated with lying is called "see no evil," and it occurs when a person rubs or ( 2 ) his or her eyes. The third hand gesture "hear no evil" is displayed when a person covers his or her ears. ・(1)に入る適切な言葉を選んでください。 (1)as if (2)before (3)though (4)even if ・(2)に入る適切な言葉を選んでください。 (1)closes (2)touches (3)drops (4)narrows

  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。お願いします。

    今度の水曜日(2/17)のAM8:00までにエキサイト翻訳とかを使わずに英文を日本語に訳してください。お願いします。 ・Is something missing from modern medicine? People get sick when they are unhappy. This is the belief of Dr.Bernie Siegel, an American pediatric and general surgeon who has written numerous books for patients and doctors. He feels that modern medicine over-emphasizes scientific knowledge and information. In particular, it dose not pay enough attention to the relationship between a person's feelings about life and their physical condition. Medical students and young doctors often say that their motivation to be doctors is not help people, and not to earn a high salary or to enjoy high social status. But, claims Siegel, the training they receive harms them by not teaching them to treasure this beautiful motivation. ・Patients can learn from their sickness For Siegel, it is important to view sickness as an opportunity to learn. He has studied patients who survive a serious illness, observing how they live longer than their doctors expect. He say these are usually people who notice their feelings and are able to accept them. A serious illness may, for example, make a patient feel angry about having wasted years doing a job that now seems meaningless. Some patients might never face these feelings. By noticing their feelings and expressing their emotions, he says, patients are able to make wise choices with regard to their treatment. Patients need to be encouraged to accept and enjoy being themselves more than they could before they became sick. They can become more aware of something deep within themselves. This new approach to life that has come from their sickness then begins to bring benefits to their bodies, and they are often able, to an important extent, to heal themselves. ・Doctors can learn from remarkable recoveries Patients are sometimes cured and survive against all the predictions of their doctors. But the medical profession tends to ignore remarkable cases which do not fit into the conventional way of solving medical problems. Conventional medical training does not teach doctors the importance of learning from cases of patients being cured for reasons that are not directly caused by medical treatment. Nor do medical schools teach doctors the value of other patients finding inspiration from such cases.

  • 英文を日本語に

    英文を日本語に訳してください。よくわかりません。よろしくお願いします。 Pedophiles are very familiar with the power of language. They would have us believe that child pornography is a free-speech issue. They know that if they succeed in placing "child prostitution" anywhere on the continuum of voluntary sexual activity, they will have established a beachhead from which to launch future assaults. We must understand that such language is no accident—it is the deliberate product of cultural lobbyists. There is a carefully orchestrated campaign to warp public perception, a perception that affects everything from newspaper coverage to legislation and even jury verdicts. If they can get us to accept that children consent to sex for money, it will be easier to sell the idea that they can consent to sex for "love." But an adult male who sexually abuses little boys is no more "homosexual" than one who victimizes little girls is "heterosexual." They are both predatory pedophiles. There is no such thing as a child prostitute; there are only prostituted children.

  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。よろしくお願いします

    Many of America`s adolescents drive while drowsy, oversleep, and get sleepy in class: They are going through life sleep-deprived. Only 20 percent of teens get the recommended nine hours of shut-eye on school nights, and more than one in four report sleeping in class, according to the recent poll by the National Sleep Foundation. What`s more, the poll finds that parents are mostly in the dark about their adolescents` sleep habits. While most students know they`re not getting the sleep they need, 90 percent of parents polled believe their adolescents are getting enough sleep on school nights. A quick sampling of teens by a news reporter found the poll was on target, with most saying they have trouble getting up in the morning. 17-year-old Carl Woock is one of these typically tired teens. He let the reporter follow him through a typical weekday, during which exhaustion surfaced several times. It starts with an alarm clock and getting ready for school, where Carl`s classes in suburban Maryland start at the early hour of 7:30 am. For some, that`s just too early, and he often falls asleep in class. Thinking is one of the things that gets sacrificed without enough sleep. "In the competition between the natural tendency to stay up late and early school start times, a teen`s sleep is what loses out," said Dr.Jodi A. Mindell. Another researcher pointed out that puberty changes the body`s "circadian rhythm." She explained that an 8 to 10-year-old is able to fall asleep at 9 at night, but a 13 to 15-year-old has their circadian rhythm shifted, so that they`re not able to fall asleep until 12 at night naturally. She warned that there`s more in a teen`s life that`s affected by sleep deprivation. She said, "They are moody. Depression is a concern. It affects every aspect of their lives." Without enough sleep, a person has trouble focusing and responding quickly, according to the National Institutes of Health. The agency also said there is growing evidence linking a continuous lack of sleep with an increased risk of serious illness. The National Sleep Foundation reported that nearly all youngsters have at least one electronic item, such as a television, computer, or phone in their bedrooms. Adolescents with four or more such items in their bedrooms are much more likely than their peers to get an insufficient amount of sleep at night. They are also almost twice as likely to fall asleep in school and while doing homework. For many teens, one solution to the problem comes in a cup, with many saying they drink lots of coffee. The caffeine may help teens perk up during the day, but it might be only masking the underlying biological reason for their sleep habits. Teens might want to take some advice from experts, who recommend saying goodbye to the entertainment zone in the bedroom, cutting out caffeine after lunchtime, setting up a daily sleep and wake-time routine, and being aware that trying to catch up on your sleep at weekends upsets your natural body rhythm.

  • 英文の日本語訳をお願いします

    意味はだいたいわかるのですが、訳すとなるのと上手に訳せません。 どなたか分かりやすい日本語に訳していただけないでしょうか。 1)1)They say that men have more responsiblities than women : a make the important family decisions, and therefore it is right for men to be paid more. 2)If women are encouraged by equal pay to take full-time jobs, they will be unable to do the things they are best at doing : making a comfortable home and bringing up children.They will have to give up their traditional position in society. 3)This is exactly what they want to give up, the women who disagree say. They want to escape from the limited place which society expects them to fill, and to have freedom to choose between a career or home life, or a mixture of the two. それから、下の文の最後のほうの being are のようなbe動詞が続いている文は初めて見た気がするのですが、どういう風に訳せばよいのでしょうか? They point out that the meaning of this sentence was "all human beings are created equal." 質問が多くてすみません。 1つでも教えていただけたら助かります。

  • 英文の日本語訳について教えてください

    今、とある長文を訳しているのですが、少しずつ訳すことの出来ない場所があるので、訳していただけるとありがたいです。 文が全然繋がっていないので訳しにくいとは思いますが、よろしくお願いします。 We would like to celebrate her retirement and her contribution to the company. We would like to take this opportunity to present Ms. Muller with a gift that will remind her of us for quite some time. So at some point in time, people are going to hesitate to hire the job hopper as they don't expect that person to stick arounnd for liog. Others choose to change jobs when they receive better offers, when they're forced to do so because they've moved to another location or have been affected by some change in their personal lives. The thing about changing jobs is that it could backfire if the timing is not right, and you could end up in a less desirable position than the one you were in before. よろしくお願い致します。

  • 入試長文問題 日本語訳

    最後の2つの文の意味がわかりません。 それと問題が わかりません。 問題*本文によれば、イングランド人をsleeping-walkerと呼べるのはなぜですか。      日本語で説明しなさい。 George Orwell のEngland your England だそうです。 Here are a couple of generalizations about England that would be accepted by almost all observers. One is that the English are not gifted artistically. They are not as musical as the Germans or Italians, painting and sculpture have never flourished in England as they have in France. Another is that, as Europeans go, the English are not intellectual. They have a horror of abstract thought, they feel no need for any philosophy or systematic ‘world-view’. Nor is this because they are ‘practical’, as they are so fond of claiming for themselves. One has only to look at their methods of town planning and water supply, their obstinate clinging to everything that is out of date and a nuisance, a spelling system that defies analysis, and a system of weights and measures that is intelligible only to the compilers of arithmetic books, to see how little they care about mere efficiency. But they have a certain power of acting without taking thought. Their world-famed hypocrisy – their double-faced attitude towards the Empire, for instance – is bound up with this. Also, in moments of supreme crisis the whole nation can suddenly draw together and act upon a species of instinct, really a code of conduct which is understood by almost everyone, though never formulated. ここまではなんとなく訳せたのですが、次の2つの文の意味がわかりません。 The phrase that Hitler coined for the Germans, ‘a sleep-walking people’, would have been better applied to the English. Not that there is anything to be proud of in being called a sleeping-walker. よろしくお願いします。

  • 英文の添削お願いします。

    課題文:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Young people should start to live on their own and become indepentent of their parents as early as possible.Give reasons to support your opinion. 解答: (1)I think young people should start to live on their own and become independent of their parents as early as possible. (2)I think so because,when they start working they will have to do everything by theirselves.Their parents won't help them any more.If they are not independent of their parents,they cannot work. (3)Second, if they start to live on their own,they will know that doing houseworks such as making meals,cleaning rooms is hard work. (4)And the most important reason is that,when they have their children,they have to teach their children a lot of things by them selves.If they are not indepentent of their parents,they can't raise their children properly. (5)I have friends who live on their own.They are doing everything by theirselves,so they look confident. (6)With above reasons I think young peole should start to live on their own and becomeindependent of their parents.約150words,30分 TOEFL対策の問題です。 後々読み直してみると、 firstがないのにsecondを使ったり、 一番大事な理由を述べているパラグラフの位置が中途半端だったり、 無駄にパラグラフを多くしてしまった点がよくなかったように思います。 文章構成・表現・文法なんでも稚拙な部分が多くあると思うので直したほうがよい所やアドバイスがあったらぜひ教えてください。 よろしくお願いします。

  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。よろしくお願いします

    ・When two people are asked a question about the past and one is looking up to his right and the other is to her left, on which will you rely? ・It is natural for a person to give some indication when lying. ・If someone`s nose is wrinkled, which occurs naturally when we smell something unpleasant, it indicates that he or she may be telling a lie.

  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。よろしくお願いします

    The return of spring to North America feels like a blessing. Parents are dragging their young children to the park. Students are taking out their Frisbees. And bird watchers, armed with field glasses and guidebooks, are heading out to search for their favorite species. But the bird lovers may be in for a disappointment. Radar studies of annual migrations suggest that the number of migrating birds in America may be down by nearly 50% over the past 30 years. Various reasons for the decrease have been proposed, but climate change caused by global warming is high on the list for many experts. Building on some 40 years of bird counts, Dutch scientists report that populations of a migratory species called the pied flycatcher have dropped an astonishing 90% over the past two decades in some areas of the Netherlands. And in that case, there doesn`t seem to be any doubt about why: flycatchers are on the decline because climate change has made them late for dinner. Those active, acrobatic birds spend the winter in West Africa and return to their Netherlands nesting grounds in the spring to lay eggs. When their babies hatch, the parents feed them mostly with caterpillars. The timing of the flycatchers` migration has evolved to take place during an approximately three-week period after Dutch plants have flowered, when caterpillars are largest in quantity.

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