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今度の水曜日(2/17)のAM8:00までにエキサイト翻訳とかを使わずに英文を日本語に訳してください。お願いします。 ・Is something missing from modern medicine? People get sick when they are unhappy. This is the belief of Dr.Bernie Siegel, an American pediatric and general surgeon who has written numerous books for patients and doctors. He feels that modern medicine over-emphasizes scientific knowledge and information. In particular, it dose not pay enough attention to the relationship between a person's feelings about life and their physical condition. Medical students and young doctors often say that their motivation to be doctors is not help people, and not to earn a high salary or to enjoy high social status. But, claims Siegel, the training they receive harms them by not teaching them to treasure this beautiful motivation. ・Patients can learn from their sickness For Siegel, it is important to view sickness as an opportunity to learn. He has studied patients who survive a serious illness, observing how they live longer than their doctors expect. He say these are usually people who notice their feelings and are able to accept them. A serious illness may, for example, make a patient feel angry about having wasted years doing a job that now seems meaningless. Some patients might never face these feelings. By noticing their feelings and expressing their emotions, he says, patients are able to make wise choices with regard to their treatment. Patients need to be encouraged to accept and enjoy being themselves more than they could before they became sick. They can become more aware of something deep within themselves. This new approach to life that has come from their sickness then begins to bring benefits to their bodies, and they are often able, to an important extent, to heal themselves. ・Doctors can learn from remarkable recoveries Patients are sometimes cured and survive against all the predictions of their doctors. But the medical profession tends to ignore remarkable cases which do not fit into the conventional way of solving medical problems. Conventional medical training does not teach doctors the importance of learning from cases of patients being cured for reasons that are not directly caused by medical treatment. Nor do medical schools teach doctors the value of other patients finding inspiration from such cases.


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現代医学には何か欠けたところがあるか? 人は気持ちがふさいだ時に病気になる。これは患者と医師のために多くの本を書いてきたアメリカの小児及び一般外科医のDr.Bernie Siegelの信念である。彼は現代医学が科学知識や情報を強調し過ぎていると感じている。とくに現代医学は人の命についての感覚と彼らの体調の関係に十分な注意を払わない。医学部の学生や若い医師たちは彼らが医師になろうとする動機は人を救うことでも高い給与を得ることでも高い社会的地位を享受することでもないとしばしば口にする。しかし彼らが受ける訓練は彼らにこの美しい動機を大切にすることを教えないことによって彼らを害しているとSiegelは主張する。 患者は自分の病気から学ぶことができる。 Siegelにとって病気を学習の好機と見なすことは重要である。彼は重い病で死なない患者を研究してきたそしてどうして彼らが医師の予想よりも長生きするのか観察した。Siegelはこうした人々は普通自分の感情に気付きそうした感情を受け入れることのできる人々だと言っている。例えば重い病は今となっては無意味に思える仕事に歳月を無駄に費やしてしまったことについて患者を腹立たしい気持ちにさせるかもしれない。患者によってはこの様な感情を直視しないかもしれない。自分の感情に気付きその感情を言い表すことで患者は自分の治療に関して賢明な選択ができるとSiegelは言っている。 患者は病気になる前にできていた以上に自分らしくあることを受け入れまた楽しむように励まされる必要があるのだ。彼らは自身のうち深くにある何かにもっと気付けるようになる。彼らの病気に由来した命に対するこの新しいアプローチはすると彼らの身体に益をもたらし始める、そうすると患者は有意な程度まで自分自身を治癒することができるのである。 医師は顕著な回復から学ぶことができる。 患者は時として医師のあらゆる予測に反して治癒したり長生きしたりすることがある。しかし医師は医学的問題の伝統的解決法に適合しない顕著な事例を無視しがちである。伝統的な医師の訓練は医学的治療によって直接引き起こされたのではない理由で治癒する患者の事例から学ぶことの重要性を医師に教えない。また医科大学もこのような事例から他の患者が勇気を見出すことの価値を医師に教えない。 期限が迫るのにだれも回答者がいないようでしたので、拙い訳文ですが作ってみました。 また第一段落下から3行目の not help people は to help people のように思われますが、そうであれば 「人を救うことであって…や…ではない」という訳になります。



  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。よろしくお願いします

    ・Japan is steadily moving towards becoming a multilingual society. ・Japan does not have that many doctors who can speak a foreign language to treat foreigners. ・Pang was satisfied with Doctor Sakamoto because she was used to his American style of treatment. ・The multilingual medical interpreting software is now widely used at hospitals throughout Japan. ・In general, Japanese doctors should improve their communication skills with their patients.

  • 大学受験対策の自由英作文の添削をお願いします。

    テーマは「医者の患者に対するよき接し方」です。 字数制限は70字前後。 Doctors should not only care patients of their desease but also be concerned about their feelings. It is because they are uneasy to some extent after they recover from their desease completely. When they are got rid of their uneasiness,they can live a life happily. From this reason,it is important that in addition to curing them of their desease,docotors make them relieved and let them feel healthy. 治療することだけでなく、患者を安心させることについて書きました。 第一文が導入、第二文で理由1を展開、第三文で理由を補足、第四文で結論、という展開にしたのですが、どうでしょうか? 制限時間ありの中で書いたので、雑ですが、どうぞよろしくお願いします。

  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。

    Eye movement is another reliable indication of lying. It is normal for a person to look up to the left when thinking about the (1) and up to the right when thinking about the (2). For example, if you ask people the color of their first car, or some other question from their past, they will look up to their left to access their memory. If instead they look up to their right, they are thinking of the future, which indicates that they are likely to be making up a response. Policemen are trained to routinely monitor eye movement during interviews. According to Paul Ekman, a professor of psychology at the University of California, San Francisco, there are small body movements called "micro-gestures " that are useful to observe. Two of the most common micro-gestures that are associated with lies are the nose wrinkle and the mouth crul. The nose wrinkle is the same gesture that occurs naturally when you smell something unpleasant. The other facial micro-gesture is a slight downward curl of the corners of the mouth. Even liars who make a conscious effort to hide all of thier major body gestures will still transmit micro-gestures. People sometimes lie, but their body language always tells the truth! ・(1)に入る単語を文中から抜き出してください。 ・(2)に入る単語を文中から抜き出してください。

  • 英文の訳をお願いします。。

    But are such techniques in fact helpful to patients? It is of course important to assess any form of treatment, and given that patients vary enormously in their problems and their capabilities, group studies of mnemonic techniques are unlikely to be very satisfactory. Fortunately, there are techniques that were specially devised to investigate the effects of treatment on a single patient. Most of these originated in the operant conditioning laboratory; they have been adapted for clinical purposes by behaviorally minded clinicians, and are now being used to assess the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation. They tend not to be well known to cognitive psychologists, who are generally much more familiar with large group designs, or in the case of neuropsychology to single case studies that are concerned with assessing and describing the patient’s deficits, rather than evaluating treatment. お願いします。。

  • 日本語訳を!

    (4) Considering that 19 types of excrement are mentioned in the cures, from fly excrement to ostrich excrement, it's no surprise Egyptian doctors had a problem with disgruntled patients. They handled malpractice efficiently, though. Diordorus writes,  If they follow the rules of this law as they read them in the sacred book and yet are unable to save their patient, they are absolved from any charge; but if they go contrary to the law's prescriptions they must submit to a trial with death as the penalty. If you're a physician and you follow the rules, all's well. But get creative with your treatments and you won't be treating anyone, unless it's in the afterlife. (5) Just as medical doctors do today, in ancient Egypt doctors specialized. The Greek historian Herodotus writes, "The practice of medicine is so divided among them that each physician treats one disease and no more. There are plenty of physicians everywhere. Some are eye-doctors, some deal with the head, others with the teeth or the belly, and some with hidden maladies...." The Ebers Papyrus even had a section on psychiatry, directing doctors on how to diagnose and treat depression. (6) The Egyptians had a cure for the common cold that was probably as good as anything you can find in a pharmacy today. It required a dose of the milk of a mother who had given birth to a boy, while chanting the spell, "May you flow out...who causes the seven openings in the head to ache." The Egyptians understood injuries caused by an accident, or in battle. They understood parasites and worms such as tapeworms, which they called "snakes in the belly." But for germs that couldn't be seen, Egyptians believed demons were responsible. There's nothing like a good spell to rid the body of evil spirits. The Ebers Papyrus states, "Magic is effective together with medicine. Medicine is effective together with magic." And so many medical treatments were odd combinations of science and magic.

  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。よろしくお願いします

    Many of America`s adolescents drive while drowsy, oversleep, and get sleepy in class: They are going through life sleep-deprived. Only 20 percent of teens get the recommended nine hours of shut-eye on school nights, and more than one in four report sleeping in class, according to the recent poll by the National Sleep Foundation. What`s more, the poll finds that parents are mostly in the dark about their adolescents` sleep habits. While most students know they`re not getting the sleep they need, 90 percent of parents polled believe their adolescents are getting enough sleep on school nights. A quick sampling of teens by a news reporter found the poll was on target, with most saying they have trouble getting up in the morning. 17-year-old Carl Woock is one of these typically tired teens. He let the reporter follow him through a typical weekday, during which exhaustion surfaced several times. It starts with an alarm clock and getting ready for school, where Carl`s classes in suburban Maryland start at the early hour of 7:30 am. For some, that`s just too early, and he often falls asleep in class. Thinking is one of the things that gets sacrificed without enough sleep. "In the competition between the natural tendency to stay up late and early school start times, a teen`s sleep is what loses out," said Dr.Jodi A. Mindell. Another researcher pointed out that puberty changes the body`s "circadian rhythm." She explained that an 8 to 10-year-old is able to fall asleep at 9 at night, but a 13 to 15-year-old has their circadian rhythm shifted, so that they`re not able to fall asleep until 12 at night naturally. She warned that there`s more in a teen`s life that`s affected by sleep deprivation. She said, "They are moody. Depression is a concern. It affects every aspect of their lives." Without enough sleep, a person has trouble focusing and responding quickly, according to the National Institutes of Health. The agency also said there is growing evidence linking a continuous lack of sleep with an increased risk of serious illness. The National Sleep Foundation reported that nearly all youngsters have at least one electronic item, such as a television, computer, or phone in their bedrooms. Adolescents with four or more such items in their bedrooms are much more likely than their peers to get an insufficient amount of sleep at night. They are also almost twice as likely to fall asleep in school and while doing homework. For many teens, one solution to the problem comes in a cup, with many saying they drink lots of coffee. The caffeine may help teens perk up during the day, but it might be only masking the underlying biological reason for their sleep habits. Teens might want to take some advice from experts, who recommend saying goodbye to the entertainment zone in the bedroom, cutting out caffeine after lunchtime, setting up a daily sleep and wake-time routine, and being aware that trying to catch up on your sleep at weekends upsets your natural body rhythm.

  • 英文の日本語訳をお願いします

    意味はだいたいわかるのですが、訳すとなるのと上手に訳せません。 どなたか分かりやすい日本語に訳していただけないでしょうか。 1)1)They say that men have more responsiblities than women : a make the important family decisions, and therefore it is right for men to be paid more. 2)If women are encouraged by equal pay to take full-time jobs, they will be unable to do the things they are best at doing : making a comfortable home and bringing up children.They will have to give up their traditional position in society. 3)This is exactly what they want to give up, the women who disagree say. They want to escape from the limited place which society expects them to fill, and to have freedom to choose between a career or home life, or a mixture of the two. それから、下の文の最後のほうの being are のようなbe動詞が続いている文は初めて見た気がするのですが、どういう風に訳せばよいのでしょうか? They point out that the meaning of this sentence was "all human beings are created equal." 質問が多くてすみません。 1つでも教えていただけたら助かります。

  • 日本語訳を!(9)

    お願いします (1) If you became sick in ancient times, Egypt was where you would want to be. It offered the best medical care. The Greek poet Homer writes in about 725 BCE in the Odyssey about Egyptian doctors, "In medical knowledge the Egyptian leaves the rest of the world behind." Egyptians began practicing medicine by applying salves to the eyes as long as 6,000 years ago, and over the millennia their skills became world renowned, so much so that rulers of other countries sent for Egyptian doctors to cure their ills. Their treatments may sound primitive to us, but no doubt 6,000 years from now our "modern medicine" will seem positively barbaric to future scientists. (2) In many ways, medicine in ancient Egypt was like medicine today. Doctors then studied for many years in medical schools called peru-ankh, or "houses of life." They studied textbooks to learn how to recognize diseases by their symptoms and hat to do to cure the patient. The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus writes, "They administer their treatments in accordance with a written law which was composed in ancient times by many famous physicians." (3) The Ebers Papyrus is one of the oldest medical documents from anywhere in the ancient world. The papyrus scroll is more than 60 feet long and is inscribed on both sides. Some of the cures don't sound too bad. For indigestion the Ebers Papyrus advises patients to "crush a hog's tooth and put it inside four sugar cakes. Eat for four days." But other cures sound pretty disgusting. For a cut, "after the scab has fallen off put on it: Scribe's excrement. Mix in fresh milk and apply as a poultice."

  • 英文解釈の質問です

    英訳と、ポイントを教えていただきたいです。 Veerman says that it might make sense for doctors to start asking their patients about how much time they spend in front of the TV, and to treat TV time as they would other risk factors for poor health, such as lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet. 私が分からなくなってしまった原因は、as they wouldのところなんですが、 これはどう解釈すればよいでしょうか? 最初はtreat A as Bなのかと思いましたが違う気もします。 どなたか分かる方いらっしゃいましたら教えてください。

  • 英文と日本語訳があります。和訳は正しいですか?

    Why do Japanese schools and companies require all full time members of their staff to attend meetings, regardless of whether they understand the language or not? They are probably trying to demonstrate that the non-Japanese staff are "one of us." It is less important that the non-Japamese or anyone else, for that matter----understand the content of the meeting and participate; it is more important to maintain the form that they are included in meetings where important decisions are made. 日本語訳 日本の学校や会社は,なぜ言語を理解できる,できないを区別しないまま,常勤の職員たちや従業員たちを全員,会議に出席するよう求めるのであろうか?おそらく,学校や会社の側は,その外国人スタッフも自分らの一員であることを示そうと努力しているのであろう。その外国人が,というより,この件に関しては外国人以外にも当てはまることであるが,会議の内容を理解したうえで参加するということは大して重要なことでなく,それよりも,重要な決定がなされる会議には彼らも含まれていたという体裁を保つことのほうが,より重要なのである。