• 締切済み
  • 困ってます


But are such techniques in fact helpful to patients? It is of course important to assess any form of treatment, and given that patients vary enormously in their problems and their capabilities, group studies of mnemonic techniques are unlikely to be very satisfactory. Fortunately, there are techniques that were specially devised to investigate the effects of treatment on a single patient. Most of these originated in the operant conditioning laboratory; they have been adapted for clinical purposes by behaviorally minded clinicians, and are now being used to assess the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation. They tend not to be well known to cognitive psychologists, who are generally much more familiar with large group designs, or in the case of neuropsychology to single case studies that are concerned with assessing and describing the patient’s deficits, rather than evaluating treatment. お願いします。。


  • 英語
  • 回答数2
  • ありがとう数1


  • 回答No.2

lalala_beさんはここで質問されるのは初めてですね。なぜ、回答が集まらないのだろうと思ったかもしれませんが、 bakanskyさんの言われるとおり自分の解釈や意見を少し書いてくれると もっと回答が集まります。いやな気分にさせたかもしれませんが懲りずに質問を続けてください。急いで訳しました ので不備な点もあるとは思いますが参考にしてください。 しかし、そのような技術は実際のところ患者達にとって役に立つのだろうか。もちろん、どんな治療の方法もその 重要性を査定することは重要だが、患者達が彼らの抱える問題や能力が多様であることを考えてみれば記憶術のテク ニックのグループ研究はそれほど満足のいくものにはなりそうもない。幸運にも、一人の患者に施されたその治療の効果 を調べるのに特に考案された技術がある。これらのほとんどがオペラント条件付けの実験室から生まれたものである。 それらは行動学の心得のある臨床医によって臨床目的に採用されてきたし、また現在も認知のリハビリの有効性を査定 するために使われている。それらの技術は傾向としては認知心理学者にあまり知られていないようだ。というのも彼らは 一般的に治療法を評価するとことよりはむしろ大きなグループレベルの事象や患者の欠陥を査定したり説明したりする事 に関わる神経心理学の場合の個々の事例研究の方により慣れ親しんでいるからだ。


  • 回答No.1
  • bakansky
  • ベストアンサー率48% (3503/7246)

自らの試訳か、不明な箇所の指摘をなさってご質問されるべきだと思います。 優れた回答者の方々がおられますけれども、全くのボランティアでなされていらっしゃるのですから、その方々に負担を強いるような「質問」の仕方をすべきではないでしょう。



  • 英文を日本語に訳してください。お願いします。

    今度の水曜日(2/17)のAM8:00までにエキサイト翻訳とかを使わずに英文を日本語に訳してください。お願いします。 ・Is something missing from modern medicine? People get sick when they are unhappy. This is the belief of Dr.Bernie Siegel, an American pediatric and general surgeon who has written numerous books for patients and doctors. He feels that modern medicine over-emphasizes scientific knowledge and information. In particular, it dose not pay enough attention to the relationship between a person's feelings about life and their physical condition. Medical students and young doctors often say that their motivation to be doctors is not help people, and not to earn a high salary or to enjoy high social status. But, claims Siegel, the training they receive harms them by not teaching them to treasure this beautiful motivation. ・Patients can learn from their sickness For Siegel, it is important to view sickness as an opportunity to learn. He has studied patients who survive a serious illness, observing how they live longer than their doctors expect. He say these are usually people who notice their feelings and are able to accept them. A serious illness may, for example, make a patient feel angry about having wasted years doing a job that now seems meaningless. Some patients might never face these feelings. By noticing their feelings and expressing their emotions, he says, patients are able to make wise choices with regard to their treatment. Patients need to be encouraged to accept and enjoy being themselves more than they could before they became sick. They can become more aware of something deep within themselves. This new approach to life that has come from their sickness then begins to bring benefits to their bodies, and they are often able, to an important extent, to heal themselves. ・Doctors can learn from remarkable recoveries Patients are sometimes cured and survive against all the predictions of their doctors. But the medical profession tends to ignore remarkable cases which do not fit into the conventional way of solving medical problems. Conventional medical training does not teach doctors the importance of learning from cases of patients being cured for reasons that are not directly caused by medical treatment. Nor do medical schools teach doctors the value of other patients finding inspiration from such cases.

  • 英文訳をお願いします

    英訳お願いします>< (1)To form a society individuals must be related in a certain manner. For instance,if people do not communicate with each other, if they are perpetually in aggressive physical combat if they do not cooperate with each other, and do so routinely over a period of time,then their interactions are not social and they don`t constitute a society. (2)The fact that animals lose their knowledge of things as time goes by,and consequently their interest in them,accounts for their absurd behavior in many situations. They constantly interrupt one line of action to do something else,and they may come back to the first activity or forget it altogether . Human beings, on the other hand,thanks to language, are able to pursue one purpose or act in relation to a principle or to an ideal over long periods of time. お願いします

  • これらの英文の訳をお願いします。

    1. Each country must accept the responsibility for the well-being of its citizens and for the equal treatment of its minorities. 2. If you come across unfamiliar words, you should look them up in the dictionary. 3. In this area, seals are a protected species, but you will find their meat on the menu in local restaurant. 4. Due to the failure of the communication system, none of us was able to broadcast the fast pictures of the disaster. 5. Continuing to release greenhouse gases at current rates would yield much more severe consequences during this century than that we saw in the previous one.

  • 英文の訳

    The terminology often used in software engineering can be imprecise and misleading. Many software practitioners and researchers mistakenly think that to be meaningful, a measure must be useful, practical, worthwhile, or easy to collect. These characteristics are not part of meaningfulness. Indeed, such issues are difficult to address for any measure, whether it occurs in software or in some other scientific discipline. For example, carbon-dating techniques for measuring the age of fossils may not be practical or easy to do, but the measures are certainly valid and meaningful! Thus, meaningfulness should be viewed as only one attribute of a measure. 長いですが、どなたか訳してもらえないでしょうか?宜しくお願いします。

  • 英文の訳

    It can be shown mathematically that the cyclomatic number is equal to one more than the number of decisions in a program, and there are many programs that have a large number of decisions but are easy to understand, code and maintain. 最後のcode and maintainがどのようにかかるのか分かりません。どなたかご教授お願いします。

  • 次の英文の和訳をお願いしたいです。

    Not too long ago, most people thought that contracting HIV was a certain and swiftt death sentence. After several decades of experience with this deadly disease, however, medical scientists have found drugs and treatment strategies that now allow HIV patients to live years or even decades with the disease. It is essential for those who have contracted HIV to be diagnosed early so that monitoring and treatment can begin as soon as possible. The scientific community has accepted that the cause of AIDS is HIV. Once an individual has been infected with HIV, the virus quickly attacks the infection-fighting soldiers in our immune system, called T-cells. Damage to these cells slowly destroys the body's ability to fight disease. After infection with HIV, a person may be symptom-free for years, but eventually the number of HIV viruses in the body(his/her "vital load") will increase, while the number of his/her T-cells will decrease, weakening the person's ability to fight disease. Advanced HIV infections (OIs), which are serious infections from bacteria, viruses, or fungi that our body would normally be able to fend off. Through research and experience, scientists have learned the importance of tracking the viral load of HIV in the body as well as the patient's T-cell count. It is essential to suppress the viral load early in the disease cycle while maintaining and boosting the level of T-cells, allowing patients to fight off OIs. There are powerful drugs and drug mixtures now available that are doing this with increasing effectiveness. With this therapy, many patients with HIV have been able to live long periods of time without developing ALDS. Some of the drugs that have been effective in fighting AIDS are: zidovudine(AZT), nevirapine, and a class of drugs known as HIV protease inhibitors. Although these new drug therapies can delay the advance of HIV in the body, the virus will eventually overcome the immune system and the patient will develop AIDS and die. Today's science can only slow the progression of the disease. However, with each new day, new discoveries are made and patients are living longer and longer. Doctors are hopeful that in the near future HIV-infected people will be able to live a totally normal lifespan.

  • 次の英文の訳をお願いします

    Earlier this year , two of Japans top three publishers, Shogakukan Inc. and Shueisha Inc., moved to gain greater control over their manga and anime animation networks in Europe , buying out animation distributor KAZE as well as its VIZ Media subsidiary to tap into demand. 「It is 100 percent certain that manga is (going to be) established for a long long time」 said Cedric,president of Paris-based KAZE. The readership of manga in numbers of people is increaseing every single year in every single European country

  • 英文訳お願いします No3

    長いので4つに分けました! The research suggests that consumers lose around £1.2 billion every year. On average victims have a higher chance than non-victims of falling for another scam within 12 months of first being caught out, because their personal details are added to so-called 'sucker list' of people who have been taken in; the list is then sold to other scammers. While the elderly were more likely to be targeted by a scam, the highest percentage of vibtims were, surprisingly, aged between 35 and 44. Of those who fell for the scams, 32 percent said it was because of the legitimate and professional style of the communication, 25 percent said they were caught off guard, and 18 percent because of excitement at the prospect of getting a good deal or winning a prize. The research also highlighted the fact that whilst men and women are equally likely to be victims of scams, women are more likely to fall victim to miracle health scams and career opportunity scams, while men are more likely to lose money to investment scams and lottery scams. Most strikingly, the study found that less than five percent of those scammed reported their experience to the authorities, so the scale of the problem is far greater than had hitherto been thought. すいませんが 英文訳をお願いします!!

  • この英文の和訳お願いします。 難しいです。

    There are therefore 192 subjects(forty per cent of the sample) whose happiness and domestic efficiency are to a greater or lesser extent dependent on the ready accessibility of their children or other relatives. No solution of the problems of old age will be acceptable to the people themselves or to their children which does not take the family factor into account. King, Sir Geoffrey, formerly Permanent Secretary, Ministry, of Pensions and National Insurance, "Policy and Practice", Old Age in the Modern World, 1995. Studies in other places such as Hammersmith, Acton, and Northern Ireland have also produced some evidence of close ties between old people and their relatives and of a willingness to bear the burden of nursing care. But the evidence gained in these inquiries was incidental to their main purposes. There has been no specialized study of the place of the old person in the family. Yet such detailed knowledge may be fundamental to any understanding of old age or of its problems. That is the starting point of this study. How often do old people see their children and their brothers and sisters, and do they live near or far? What services do relatives perform for each other every day and at times of crisis? What is the differences in family role of an old man and an old woman? Can a more precise meaning be given to loneliness and social isolation and what does it mean to be widowed, single, or childless? Is the status of old people undergoing change? Which old people make the greatest demand on the State aid or replace the efforts of the family? These are some of the questions which will be discussed in this report.

  • どなたか英文を日本語訳にしていただけないでしょうか

    The “interaction guidance” (McDonough, 1991 ,1992 ) treatment approach for parent-child relationship disturbances was created specifically to met the needs of infants and their families who had not been engaged successfully in previous treatment or who had refused treatment education, family mental illness, substance abuse, inadequate housing, large family size, lack of a difficult-to-engage families, the interaction guidance approach was develop to be a brief psychotherapy model that is family competence by using video technology to highlight positive aspects of family strengths and family competence by using video technology to highlight positive aspects of family interactions and to enhance the likelihood of positive therapeutic change within the family.