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The armistice was signed in a carriage of Foch's private train, CIWL #2419 (Compiègne Wagon). It was later put back into regular service with the Compagnie des Wagons-Lits, but after a short period it was withdrawn to be attached to the French presidential train.
From April 1921 to April 1927, it was on exhibition in the Cour des Invalides in Paris.
In November 1927, it was ceremonially returned to the forest in the exact spot where the Armistice was signed. Marshal Foch, General Weygand and many others watched it being placed in a specially constructed building: the Clairière de l’Armistice.
There it remained, a monument to the defeat of the Kaiser's Germany, until 22 June 1940, when swastika-bedecked German staff cars bearing Adolf Hitler, Hermann Göring, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop and others swept into the Clairière and, in that same carriage, demanded and received the surrender armistice from France.
During the Occupation of France, the Clairière de l’Armistice was destroyed and the carriage taken to Berlin, where it was exhibited in the Lustgarten.
After the Allied advance into Germany in early 1945, the carriage was removed by the Germans for safe keeping to the town of Ohrdruf, but as an American armoured column entered the town, the detachment of the SS guarding it set it ablaze, and it was destroyed. Some pieces were however preserved by private persons; they are also exhibited at Compiègne.
After the war, the Compiègne site was restored, but not until Armistice Day 1950 was a replacement carriage, correct in every detail, re-dedicated: an identical Compagnie des Wagon-Lits carriage, no. 2439, built in 1913 in the same batch as the original and present in 1918, was renumbered no. 2419D.
Two relics of the original signing are exposed at the Musée de l'Armée in Paris: The pen used to sign the Armistice, saved by a French officer before the German advance forced his unit to leave the Clairière zone, and an ashtray which a person present at the signing in 1918 had pocketed as a souvenir.

For the Allies, the personnel involved were all military. The two signatories were:
•Marshal of France Ferdinand Foch, the Allied supreme commander
•First Sea Lord Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss, the British representative
Other members of the delegation included:
•General Maxime Weygand, Foch's chief of staff (later French commander-in-chief in 1940)
•Rear-Admiral George Hope, Deputy First Sea Lord
•Captain Jack Marriott, British naval officer, Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord
For Germany, the four signatories were:
•Matthias Erzberger, a civilian politician.
•Count Alfred von Oberndorff (de), from the Foreign Ministry
•Major General Detlof von Winterfeldt, army
•Captain Ernst Vanselow, navy


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>The armistice was ~ French presidential train.
 From April 1921 ~ Clairière de l’Armistice.

>There it remained~ armistice from France.
 During the Occupation ~ in the Lustgarten.

>After the Allied ~ exhibited at Compiègne.
 After the war ~ was renumbered no. 2419D.

>Two relics of ~ as a souvenir.

>For the Allies ~ Ernst Vanselow, navy

お礼率 88% (2864/3222)

投稿日時:2018/10/23 23:41