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英文の構造について

以下の英文の1~10の中で謝りを含んでいる箇所はありますか? 誤りは1箇所だけですが、全くない場合もあります。 (1)(1) Blocks and /(2) simple things like dishes and empty boxes/(3) can be/(4) not just/(5) cheaper and /(6) more fun/(7) for youngchildren/(8) to play,/(9)but /(10) more educational. (2)(1)The history of animal species/(2) shows that/(3) the most successful/(4) in the struggle/(5) for survival/(6) has been/(7) those which/(8) were most adaptable/(9) to changes/(10) in their world.

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  • ベストアンサー
  • 回答No.2
  • Nakay702
  • ベストアンサー率81% (7592/9361)

「補足コメント」を拝見しました。 >ややこしい問題で申し訳ないです。元の問題では誤りが1箇所か誤りがない場合のどちらかということなので、よくわからず質問しました。 ⇒あ、そうなんですね。その線で絞って考えますと、次のように言えると思います。 >>(1) (1) Blocks and /(2) simple things like dishes and empty boxes/(3) can be/(4) not just/(5) cheaper and/(6) more fun/(7) for young children/(8) to play,/(9)but /(10) more educational. では、not only ~ but (also) の相関語句で、onlyの代わりにjustを使っているところが間違いで、(4) not just→(4) not onlyとする。つまり、「1箇所か誤りがある」が正解になると思います。 >>(2) (1)The history of animal species/(2) shows that/(3) the most successful/(4) in the struggle/(5) for survival/(6) has been/(7) those which/(8) were most adaptable/(9) to changes/(10) in their world. では、前便で言及した、(3) the most successfulも、(8) were most adaptableもこのままでいいのかも知れません。つまり、こちらは「誤りはない」が正解、ということではないでしょうか。 どうも、お粗末でした。以上、再伸まで。

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    以下の英文に誤りはありますか? (1)Blocks and simple things like dishes and empty boxes can be not just cheaper and more fun for young children to play, but more educational. (2)The history of animal species shows that the most successful in the struggle for survival has been those which were most adaptable to changes in their world.

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その他の回答 (1)

  • 回答No.1
  • Nakay702
  • ベストアンサー率81% (7592/9361)

間違いがあるかも知れませんが、以下のとおりお答えします。 >(1) (1) Blocks and /(2) simple things like dishes and empty boxes/(3) can be/(4) not just/(5) cheaper and/(6) more fun/(7) for young children/(8) to play,/(9)but /(10) more educational. ⇒1.not only ~ but alsoの相関語句で、also はなくてもいいので間違いにはならないと思いますが、onlyの代わりにjustを使っているところは間違いだと思います。 2.funは形容詞でなく名詞ですので、(6)は of more funとすべきかも知れません。 >(2) (1)The history of animal species/(2) shows that/(3) the most successful/(4) in the struggle/(5) for survival/(6) has been/(7) those which/(8) were most adaptable/(9) to changes/(10) in their world. ⇒1.(3) the most successfulのあとに、複数形のanimal speciesが省略されていますので、 (6) はhave beenとすべきだと思います。 2.(8) は、最上級の限定がつきますので、were the most adaptableと定冠詞をつけて言うべきところかも知れません。 *「先行詞にmostなどの限定がつく場合、それを受ける関係詞にはthatを用いる」という規則がありますので、前便では、粗忽にもthe most successfulを先行詞と勘違いして、(7) those whichを those thatと訂正すべし、と申しました。しかし、よく見ると(いや、よく見なくても、一見で)先行詞はthoseと分かりますので、この部分の回答は私の間違いでした。ここはthose whichのままでいいようです。すみません、お詫びして訂正します。

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質問者からの補足

ややこしい問題で申し訳ないです。元の問題では誤りが1箇所か誤りがない場合のどちらかということなので、よくわからず質問しました。

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