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The Action of Arsuf (8 June 1918), was fought between the forces of the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, German Empire and Austria-Hungary during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. The British Empire forces involved was the 21st (Bareilly) Brigade comprising the 2nd Battalion, Black Watch, the 1st Guides Infantry, the 29th Punjabis and the 1/8th Gurkha Rifles. On 8 June 1918 the 21st (Bareilly) Brigade, part of the 7th (Meerut) Division, was tasked with the capture of two hills, 1 mile (1.6 km) from the Mediterranean Sea known as the two sisters, defended by elements of the Ottoman 7th Division. The hills were being used as observation posts and the intention was to deprive the Turkish forces of their use. The successful assault was carried out by the Black Watch and the Guides Infantry. The Turkish forces responded with two counter-attacks of their own. The first succeeded in recapturing a section of their previous position before being driven back. The second counter-attack was defeated before they managed to reach the British position. The Turkish forces suffered "considerable" losses, and four officers and 101 other ranks were taken prisoner. Equipment captured included two heavy and five light machine guns. The capture of the two Turkish positions greatly improved the British position. Their loss deprived the Turkish forces an observation post that overlooked a large portion of the British lines and rear areas. They also now gave the British their own observation post that could see the Turkish rear areas. There capture was significant enough to be mentioned in army despatches. Arsuf アルスフ The German Caucasus expedition was a military expedition sent in late May, 1918, by the German Empire to the formerly Russian Transcaucasia during the Caucasus Campaign of World War I. Its prime aim was to stabilize the pro-German Democratic Republic of Georgia and to secure oil supplies for Germany by preventing the Ottoman Empire from gaining access to the oil reserves near Baku on the Abşeron peninsula.On December 5, 1917, the Armistice of Erzincan was signed by Russians and Ottomans, ending the armed conflicts between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in the Caucasus Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The Committee of Union and Progress moved to win the friendship of the Bolsheviks with the signing of the Ottoman-Russian friendship treaty (January 1, 1918).

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>The Action of Arsuf (8 June 1918), was fought between the forces of the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, German Empire and Austria-Hungary during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. The British Empire forces involved was the 21st (Bareilly) Brigade comprising the 2nd Battalion, Black Watch, the 1st Guides Infantry, the 29th Punjabis and the 1/8th Gurkha Rifles. ⇒「アルシュフの戦闘行動」(1918年6月8日)は、第1次世界大戦の「シナイ・パレスチナ野戦」中に大英帝国軍とオスマン帝国、ドイツ帝国、オーストリア・ハンガリー軍との間で戦われた。大英帝国軍は、第2大隊、ハイランド連隊、第1先導歩兵隊、第29パンジャブ隊、第1/8グルカ・ライフル隊から成る第21(ベアレイリー)旅団であった。 >On 8 June 1918 the 21st (Bareilly) Brigade, part of the 7th (Meerut) Division, was tasked with the capture of two hills, 1 mile (1.6 km) from the Mediterranean Sea known as the two sisters, defended by elements of the Ottoman 7th Division. The hills were being used as observation posts and the intention was to deprive the Turkish forces of their use. The successful assault was carried out by the Black Watch and the Guides Infantry. The Turkish forces responded with two counter-attacks of their own. The first succeeded in recapturing a section of their previous position before being driven back. The second counter-attack was defeated before they managed to reach the British position. The Turkish forces suffered "considerable" losses, and four officers and 101 other ranks were taken prisoner. Equipment captured included two heavy and five light machine guns. ⇒1918年6月8日、第7(ミアラット)師団の一部である第21(ベアレイリー)旅団は、オスマン帝国第7師団の要員が守護し、地中海から1マイル(1.6キロ)にあって「2人の姉妹」として知られる2つの丘を攻略した。その目的は、丘陵地帯が観測基地として使われていたので、その使用をトルコ軍から奪うことだった。成功した襲撃は、ハイランド連隊と先導歩兵連隊によって行われた。トルコ軍はトルコ軍で、2回にわたる反撃によって対応した。最初の反撃は、何とかして英国軍の陣地に到達する前に、彼ら自身の当初の陣地だった地区を取り戻すことに成功した。2度目の反撃は、英国軍の陣地に達する前に打ち負かされた。トルコ軍は「かなりの」損失を被り、4人の将校と他の位の兵隊101人が捕虜になった。捕獲された装備には、2丁の重機関銃と5丁の軽機関銃が含まれていた。 >The capture of the two Turkish positions greatly improved the British position. Their loss deprived the Turkish forces an observation post that overlooked a large portion of the British lines and rear areas. They also now gave the British their own observation post that could see the Turkish rear areas. There capture was significant enough to be mentioned in army despatches. ⇒トルコ軍の陣地を2か所攻略したことで、英国軍の陣地は大きく改善された。トルコ軍の損失は、英国軍の戦線と後衛部の大部分を見下ろす観測基地を奪われたことであった。彼らはまた、トルコ軍の後方地域を見渡すことができる独自の観測基地をも英国軍に与えてしまった。この攻略は、方面軍の派遣を云々することにかけて十分な意味があった。 >The German Caucasus expedition was a military expedition sent in late May, 1918, by the German Empire to the formerly Russian Transcaucasia during the Caucasus Campaign of World War I. Its prime aim was to stabilize the pro-German Democratic Republic of Georgia and to secure oil supplies for Germany by preventing the Ottoman Empire from gaining access to the oil reserves near Baku on the Abşeron peninsula. On December 5, 1917, the Armistice of Erzincan was signed by Russians and Ottomans, ending the armed conflicts between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in the Caucasus Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The Committee of Union and Progress moved to win the friendship of the Bolsheviks with the signing of the Ottoman-Russian friendship treaty (January 1, 1918). ⇒ドイツ軍のコーカサス遠征隊は、第1次世界大戦のコーカサス野戦の1918年5月下旬に、ドイツ帝国によってロシアのトランスコーカサスに送られた軍事的探検であった。その主な目的は、親ドイツのグルジア民主共和国を安定させ、オスマン帝国軍がアブツェロン半島バクー付近の石油埋蔵地へアクセスするのを妨げることによってドイツの石油供給を確保することであった。1917年12月5日、エルジンカンの停戦がロシア軍とオスマン軍によって署名され、第1次世界大戦の「中東戦域のコーカサス野戦におけるロシアとオスマン帝国間の武力紛争が終結した。「連合と進歩の委員会」は、オスマン帝国=ロシア友好条約(1918年1月1日)に署名してボルシェビキの友好を勝ち取るように策動した。

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