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Slight opposition was met half way to the station and much abandoned equipment was found. Firing was heard until about 1 mi (1.6 km) from Agbeluvhoe, where most of the c. 200 German troops from the trains were found to have surrendered, along with two trains, wagons, a machine-gun, rifles and much ammunition. The Germans who escaped proved too demoralised to conduct demolitions and 30 mi (48 km) of track were captured. The British lost six killed and 35 wounded, some of whom had wounds which raised suspicions that the Germans had used soft-nosed bullets, which was later discovered to have been partly true, as some hurriedly incorporated reservists had used their civilian ammunition. The Germans lost a quarter of their troops in the attempt to harass British forces to the south, by using the railway. It was considered a great failure and defeat for the Germans in Togoland. Although it may briefly have delayed the British northward advance, which was not resumed until 19 August, the Battle of Agbeluvhoe had no lasting effect on the advance of the Allies. The wireless station at Kamina was demolished by the Germans, which cut off German ships in the South Atlantic from communication with Europe and influenced the Battle of the Falkland Islands (8 December). The acting Governor of the colony, Major Hans-Georg von Döring surrendered eleven days after the battle, on 26 August 1914. The German force of c. 1,500 men in one German and seven local companies, had been expected to be most difficult to defeat, given the Togolese terrain and the extensive entrenchments at Kamina. A German prisoner later wrote that few of the Germans had military training, the defences of Kamina had been too large for the garrison to defend and were ringed by hills. The Germans were not able to obtain information about the British in the neighbouring Gold Coast (Ghana) and instructions by wireless from Berlin only insisted that the transmitting station be protected. In the first three weeks of August, the transmitter had passed 229 messages from Nauen to German colonies and German shipping. Defence of the transmitter had wider operational effects but Von Döring made no attempt at protracted resistance. The British had c. 83 casualties and the German forces had c. 41 casualties at the Battle of Agbeluvhoe. On 22 August the Battle of Chra was fought by the Anglo-French invaders and the Germans on the Chra River and in Chra village. The German forces had dug in and repulsed the Anglo-French attack. A new attack on 23 August found that the Germans has retired further inland to Kamina. By the end of the campaign, six of seven provinces had been abandoned by the Germans, bridges had not been blown and only the Chra river line of the three possible water obstacles had been defended. The speed of the invasion by several British and French columns, whose size was over-estimated and lack of local support for the colonial regime, had been insuperable obstacles for the German colonialists. Togoland was occupied by the British and French for the duration of the war.

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>Slight opposition was met ~ of track were captured. ⇒駅までの途中で(縦隊は)わずかな反抗に出会い、放棄された装備品を多く見つけた。発砲音はアグベルフォーから約1マイル(1.6キロ)まで聞こえた。列車上のドイツ軍200人が2本の列車、貨車、機関銃、ライフル、および多くの弾薬とともに投降したことが判明した。脱出したドイツ兵は士気を失って破壊活動を行うこともできず、30マイル(48キロ)の線路が攻略された。 >The British lost six killed ~ the Germans in Togoland. ⇒英国軍は死者6人と負傷者35人を失ったが、その負傷者の一部は、ドイツ軍がソフトノーズ(衝撃で膨らむ)の弾丸を使用した疑いを惹起させるような傷を負っていた。後にそれは一部真実であることが判明した。それというのも、予備軍が市民の弾薬をもって急遽参戦したからであった。ドイツ軍は、鉄道を利用して英国軍団を南に撃退させようとして、軍隊の4分の1を失った。それはトーゴランドにおけるドイツ軍にとって大きな失敗と敗北であったと考えられた。 >Although it may briefly ~ on 26 August 1914. ⇒「アグベルフォーの戦い」は、英国軍の北進を一時的に遅らせたかもしれず、8月19日までその再開が抑えられたが、連合国軍の前進に対して永続的な影響を与えることはなかった。カミナの無線局がドイツ軍によって破壊されたので、南大西洋上のドイツ軍艦船とヨーロッパとの通信が遮断され、「フォークランド諸島の戦い」(12月8日)がそれに影響を受けた。植民地の現総督ハンス・ゲオルク・フォン・デーリング少佐は、戦闘(開始)の11日後、1914年8月26日に降伏した。 >The German force of c. 1,500 men ~ no attempt at protracted resistance. ⇒ドイツ軍の1個中隊と地元の7個中隊の約1,500人のドイツ軍勢は、トーゴの地形とカミナの大規模な塹壕施設を考えると、敗北はこの上なく難しいと予想されていた。後にあるドイツ軍の囚人は、ドイツ兵のほとんどが軍事訓練を受けておらず、カミナの防御能力は守備隊の防御(だけ)では大きすぎて、丘に囲まれていた(お陰である)と書いている。ドイツ軍は、隣接するゴールドコースト(ガーナ)の英国軍に関する情報を入手できず、ベルリンからの無線による指示は、送信局を保護することだけを主張した。この送受信機は、8月の最初の3週間で、ナウエンからドイツ植民地とドイツ海運関係に229件のメッセージを手渡した。送信機の防衛は、より広範な運用効果をもたらしたが、フォン・デーリングは防護のための抵抗を試みることはしなかった。 >The British had c. 83 casualties ~ for the duration of the war. ⇒「アグベルフォーの戦い」では、英国軍は約83人の死傷者を、ドイツ軍が約41人の死傷者を被った。8月22日、「クラの戦い」は、クラ川とクラ村で英仏軍侵略者とドイツ軍によって戦われた。ドイツ軍は塹壕にこもって、英仏軍の攻撃を撃退した。8月23日の新たな攻撃により、ドイツ軍はさらに内陸のカミナまで退却したことがわかった。野戦の終わりまでに、7つの州のうち6州がドイツ軍によって放棄され、橋は吹き飛ばされず、クラ川の3か所の水路障害のみが防御された。英国軍とフランス軍の数個縦隊による侵略の速度は、その規模が過大評価されたことと植民地政権に対する地元の支持が不足していたことによってドイツの植民地人(統治)にとって乗り越えられない障害であった。トーゴランドは、戦争の間英国軍とフランス軍に占領された。

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  • お手数ですが、次の英文を訳して下さい。

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    The Battle of Jassin (also known as the Battle of Yasin, the Battle of Jasin, the Battle of Jasini or the Battle of Jassini) was a World War I battle that took place on 18– 19 January 1915 at Jassin on the German East African side of the border with British East Africa between a German Schutztruppe force and British and Indian troops. Jassin had been occupied by the British in order to secure the border between British East Africa and German territory, but was weakly defended by a garrison of four companies of Indian troops, commanded by Colonel Raghbir Singh and numbering a little over 300 men. Colonel Raghbir Singh was killed during the battle. The German commander, Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, decided to attack Jassin in order to prevent further danger to Tanga, which lay more than 50 kilometres to the south and had previously been successfully defended against a British attack. Nine companies of Schutztruppe with European officers were gathered for the assault. Immediately after the British force surrendered, British Captains Hanson and Turner were taken to see Lettow-Vorbeck. He congratulated them on their defence of the town before releasing them on the promise they would play no further part in the war. Brigadier-General Michael Tighe arrived too late, just hours after the surrender to support the British at Jassin . Although the British force surrendered, Lettow-Vorbeck realised that the level of German losses of officers and ammunition meant that he could rarely afford confrontation on such a large scale and would need to make use of guerrilla warfare instead—he turned his attention away from seeking decisive battle against the British, concentrating instead on operations against the Uganda Railway. The British response was to withdraw and concentrate their forces in order to reduce their risks and make defence easier. As a result, the invasion of German East Africa was postponed for some time. The Battle of Hartmannswillerkopf or Hartmannsweilerkopf (French: bataille du Vieil-Armand) was a series of engagements during the First World War fought for the control of the Hartmannswillerkopf peak in Alsace in 1914 and 1915. Hartmannswillerkopf is a pyramidal rocky spur in the Vosges mountains, about 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Thann. The peak stands at 956 m (3,136 ft) and overlooks the Alsace Plain, Rhine valley and the Black Forest in Germany and was captured by the French army during the Battle of Mulhouse (7–10, 14–26 August 1914). From the vantage point, Mulhouse and the Mulhouse–Colmar railway could be seen and the French railway from Thann to Cernay and Belfort shielded from German observation. Hartmannswillerkopf アルトゥマンスウィコフ

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