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The Wadi ran across the south of the town from east to west.   The enemy was Turkey, Imperial Germany's eastern ally. They held the line, Gaza-Beersheba. At Beersheba were the 27th Division and Battalions from the 16th and 24th Divisions, supported by artillery. The enemy's defence extended from Tel El Saba on the eastern flank. Two lines of trenches were dug into the cliff face of the Tel. A series of inferior trenches extended along the Wadi; they were not protected by wire. These extended to a group of detached trenches on the south-west flank. The enemy had good zones of fire.   General Sir Edmund Allenby commanded the British Eastern Expeditionary Force of two corps.   Lt-Gen Sir Harry Chauvel commanded the Desert Mounted Corps. He had no misgivings about his troops; they had sheer quality, leadership and experience; many had been at Gallipoli. These men of the Light Horse were without peer.   Lt Gen. Sir Philip Chetwode commanded the British XX Corps. He had defined the Gaza - Beersheba line.   Chauvel's Desert Mounted Corps were to capture Beersheba.   Chauvel's orders were to straddle the Beersheba-Hebron Road at Sakati 8 kilometres north-east of Beersheba, capture Tel El Saba, then storm the town. The mission was to be executed on the first day of the battle.   He had two divisions, each of three brigades. The ANZAC Mounted Division (ANZACs) included the 1st and 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigades and the New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade.   The Australian Mounted Division included the 3rd and 4th Austrlian Light Horse Brigades and the 5th (British) Yeomanry Brigade. In support were the Light Batteries of the Royal Horse Artillery.   The Battle of Beersheba was to be a three-phase operation supported by the British. The first phase was to be a night ride from wells at Asluj and Khalasa 20 kilometres to the south in the Sinai, to positions south and south-east of the town. In the second phase, the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade was to advance to Sakati and act as a cut-off force. The 1st Australian Light Horse and New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigades were to capture Tel El Saba. Finally, with the road and Tel secure, the ANZAC's were to storm the town. This did not eventuate.

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>The Wadi ran across the south of the town from east to west.  The enemy was Turkey, Imperial Germany's eastern ally. They held the line, Gaza-Beersheba. At Beersheba were the 27th Division and Battalions from the 16th and 24th Divisions, supported by artillery. The enemy's defence extended from Tel El Saba on the eastern flank. Two lines of trenches were dug into the cliff face of the Tel. A series of inferior trenches extended along the Wadi; they were not protected by wire. These extended to a group of detached trenches on the south-west flank. The enemy had good zones of fire. ⇒ワジ(雨季以外は枯れる谷)は町の南側を東から西に横切って走っていた。 敵はトルコ、ドイツ帝国の東方同盟国であった。彼らはガザ-ベールシェバ戦線を保持していた。ベールシェバには第27師団と第16、第24師団からの数個大隊が駐屯して、砲兵隊による支援を受けていた。敵の防御隊は、東側面のテル・エル・サバから拡張していた。2本線の塹壕がこのテルの断崖面に掘られていた。一連のより貧弱な塹壕がワジに沿って拡張されたが、それは鉄条網による保護はなされていなかった。これらは、拡張されて南西側面で個々別々の塹壕グループをなしていた。敵は砲火に具合のよい地帯を持っていた。 >General Sir Edmund Allenby commanded the British Eastern Expeditionary Force of two corps. Lt-Gen Sir Harry Chauvel commanded the Desert Mounted Corps. He had no misgivings about his troops; they had sheer quality, leadership and experience; many had been at Gallipoli. These men of the Light Horse were without peer.  Lt Gen. Sir Philip Chetwode commanded the British XX Corps. He had defined the Gaza - Beersheba line. ⇒将軍エドムンド・アレンビー卿は、2個軍団の英国東部遠征軍を統率した。 中将ハリー・ショーヴェル卿は、砂漠騎馬軍団を統率した。彼は自軍の軍隊について不安感は全然抱いていなかった。彼らには、完璧なまでの資質、指導・統率力、および経験があった。その多くはガリポリに駐在していた。これらの軽騎兵要員に比肩すべき僚友はなかった。 中将フィリップ・チェトウォード卿は英国軍第XX師団を統率した。彼はガザ-ベールシェバ戦線を明確に把握していた。 >Chauvel's Desert Mounted Corps were to capture Beersheba.  Chauvel's orders were to straddle the Beersheba-Hebron Road at Sakati 8 kilometres north-east of Beersheba, capture Tel El Saba, then storm the town. The mission was to be executed on the first day of the battle.   He had two divisions, each of three brigades. The ANZAC Mounted Division (ANZACs) included the 1st and 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigades and the New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigade.  The Australian Mounted Division included the 3rd and 4th Austrlian Light Horse Brigades and the 5th (British) Yeomanry Brigade. In support were the Light Batteries of the Royal Horse Artillery. ⇒ショーヴェルの砂漠騎馬軍団はベールシェバを攻略することになっていた。 ショーヴェルの指令によってベールシェバの8キロ北東のサカチでベールシェバ-ヘブロン道にまたがり、テル・エル・サバを攻略してから町を急襲する手筈であった。この任務は、戦いの初日に実行されることになっていた。  彼は2個師団、3個旅団のうちのそれぞれを掌握していた。アンザック騎馬師団(アンザック隊)は第1、第2オーストラリア軽騎兵隊旅団とニュージーランド騎馬ライフル旅団を含んでいた。 オーストラリア騎馬師団は第3、第4オーストラリア軽騎兵隊旅団と第5(英国軍)ヨーマンリー旅団を含んでいた。王立英国騎馬砲兵隊の軽騎兵中隊は支援軍の立場にあった。 >The Battle of Beersheba was to be a three-phase operation supported by the British. The first phase was to be a night ride from wells at Asluj and Khalasa 20 kilometres to the south in the Sinai, to positions south and south-east of the town. In the second phase, the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade was to advance to Sakati and act as a cut-off force. The 1st Australian Light Horse and New Zealand Mounted Rifle Brigades were to capture Tel El Saba. Finally, with the road and Tel secure, the ANZAC's were to storm the town. This did not eventuate. ⇒「ベールシェバの戦い」は、英国軍によって支援された3局面の作戦行動であった。最初の局面は、アスルジとカラサの井戸からシナイ半島の南へ20キロの町の南と南東の陣地へ向って夜間の車馬行軍することになっていた。第2の局面においては、第2オーストラリア軽騎兵隊旅団がサカチへ進軍し、(通信・供給などの)遮断軍団として行動する手筈であった。第1オーストラリア軽騎兵隊とニュージーランド騎馬置ライフル旅団がテル・エル・サバを攻略することになっていた。最後の局面では、アンザック隊が確保した道路とテル(市街地?)によって、町を急襲することになっていた。ただし、これは実行されなかった。

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    The Royal Horse Artillery got their range and soon had them out of action. The Turkish riflemen fired, horses were hit, but the charge was not checked. The Lighthorsemen drove in their spurs; they rode for victory and they rode for Australia. The bewildered enemy failed to adjust their sights and soon their fire was passing harmlessly overhead. The 4th took the trenches; the enemy soon surrendered. The 12th rode through a gap and on into the town. Their was a bitter fight. Some enemy surrendered; others fled and were pursued into the Judean Hills. In less than an hour it was over; the enemy was finally beaten.   From his headquarters, Chauvel had watched the battle develop. He saw the New Zealanders swarming the Tel; on their right the 9th and 10th LH Regiment were trotting in pursuit under shrapnel. On the Wadi the 2nd and 3rd LH Regiments were pressing forward in their attempt to take the town from the east. The Royal Horse Artillery were firing in support. Then over the ridge rode the 4th and 12th . . . shrapnel . . . the signal to charge! Not for almost an hour did Chauvel learn that Beersheba had been won.   Then disaster. The 9th and 10th in pursuit were bombed by a lone German aircraft; they suffered heavy casualties. The Desert Mounted Corps watered at the wells of the patriarchs and in the pool. For days, the charge was the talk of the camps and messes.   The Australian Light Horse had galloped into history.   South Australians can be proud of the contribution of the 3rd and the 9th in the Battle of Beersheba.   A Squadron 3rd/9th South Australian Mounted Rifles began as the Reedbeds Cavalry in 1841 and is privileged to have inherited the honors, the history and the tradition of the Australian Light Horse.The Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe, part of the Southern Palestine Offensive, began on 1 November 1917, the day after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory at the Battle of Beersheba during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. After the Stalemate in Southern Palestine a series of coordinated attacks were launched by British Empire units on the Ottoman Empire's German commanded Yildirim Army Group's front line, which stretched from Gaza inland to Beersheba. During fighting for the town, the road from Beersheba to Jerusalem via Hebron, was cut just north of the town in the southern spur of the Judean Hills. Here Ottoman units strongly defended the road and the Seventh Army headquarters at Hebron.

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