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英文の和訳をお願いします。

Even in non-democratic societies where property rights are embraced, standards of living improve. But democracies with a free press and protection of minority rights have proved the most effective form to safeguard property rights, largely because democracies rarely allow discontent to rise to a point that leads to explosive changes in economic regimes. Capitalism under authoritarian rule, on the other hand, is inherently unstable because it forces aggrieved citizens to seek redress outside the law.

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  • 回答No.2
  • keiser
  • ベストアンサー率30% (22/71)

財産権が認められていれば、非民主主義社会であっても、生活水準は向上する。しかし表現の自由と少数派の権利を保護する民主主義社会が、財産権の保護をするのにもっとも効果的な形であるとわかってきた。その主な理由は、民主主義社会がめったに、経済体制に爆発的な変化をもたらすほどの不満を募らせることがないからである。一方、独裁制下の資本主義となると、本質的に不安定なのである。なぜなら、しいたげられた民衆に、法によらない変革を強制することになるのであるから。 財産権が認められていれば、民主主義も非民主主義も、個人の生活は向上する。しかし、非民主主義社会は、民衆の不満をためやすく、不安定な変動しやすい社会であるので、民主主義社会のほうが、財産権保護の面でも優れていると判ってきた、ということでしょう。

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  • 英文和訳をお願いします

    Regrettably, the notion of rights of ownership of capital and other income-earning assets remains conflicted, especially in societies that still believe that profit seeking is not quite moral. A key purpose of property rights, after all, is to protect assets in order to use them to profit or personally benefit. Such rights are not supportable in a society that holds any significant remnant of the view of property as “theft.” That notion embraced by Karl Marx rests on the presumption that gained wide acceptance in the first half of the twentieth century that wealth created under a division of labor is produced jointly, and hence should be owned collectively.

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    As living requires physical property-food, clothing, homes- people need the legal protection to own and dispose of such property without the threat of arbitrary confiscation by the state or mobs in the street. To be sure, people have to, and do survive, in totalitarian, centrally planned societies where individual property rights are de minimis. But theirs is a lesser existence. 4行目のde minimis はラテン語で「最小限に」という意味です

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    While the debate over property rights and democracy will doubtless persist, I was taken with an observation made by Amartya Sen , the Nobel Prize winner in economics : “In the terrible history of famines in the world, no substantial famine has ever occurred in any independent and democratic country with a relatively free press. We cannot find exceptions to this rule, no matter where we look.”I agree. With the media in authoritarian regimes tending toward self-censorship, marker interventionist policies-the most prevalent cause of disrupted distribution of food-go unreported and uncorrected until too late.

  • 回答No.1
  • ddeana
  • ベストアンサー率74% (2977/4020)

財産権が包括される非民主主義国家においても、生活水準は向上します。しかし、自由報道と少数派の権利保護を伴う民主主義は、主に経済体制の爆発的変化につながるある一点まで不満を募らさせることが滅多にないという理由で、財産権を保護するもっとも効果的な形態であることを証明してきました。それに対し、権威主義体制下での資本主義は、権利を侵害された一般人を、法律違反の救済策へと余儀なく向かわせるので、本質的に不安定なのです。

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