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英文和訳をお願いします

Regrettably, the notion of rights of ownership of capital and other income-earning assets remains conflicted, especially in societies that still believe that profit seeking is not quite moral. A key purpose of property rights, after all, is to protect assets in order to use them to profit or personally benefit. Such rights are not supportable in a society that holds any significant remnant of the view of property as “theft.” That notion embraced by Karl Marx rests on the presumption that gained wide acceptance in the first half of the twentieth century that wealth created under a division of labor is produced jointly, and hence should be owned collectively.

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  • 回答No.1
  • SPS700
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    残念な事に、資本あるいはその他収入源の所有権の概念は、特に利益の追求はあまり道徳的ではないとする社会においては、反対意見もある。    財産圏の主な目的の一つは、要するに、利益を上げた、り個人的に有利なように財産を保護する事である。     こういった権利は、財産を「盗み」の結果だと言う見方が顕著に残っている社会では支持されない。     カール•マークスが持っていた考えは、分業によって得られた富は、(労使が)共同で作り出したものだ、したがって共有すべきだと言う、二十世紀前半に広い賛同を得た前提の上にたっている。    

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    Even in non-democratic societies where property rights are embraced, standards of living improve. But democracies with a free press and protection of minority rights have proved the most effective form to safeguard property rights, largely because democracies rarely allow discontent to rise to a point that leads to explosive changes in economic regimes. Capitalism under authoritarian rule, on the other hand, is inherently unstable because it forces aggrieved citizens to seek redress outside the law.

  • (財務諸表)英文の和訳

    英文の財務諸表の和訳に苦労しております。以下の英文表記がいまいち解釈できません。 宜しくお願い致します。 「損益計算書」 ・Share of profit (loss) of associates ・Share of profit of a jointly controlled entity 「貸借対照表」 ・Interest in a jointly controlled entity ・Prepaid lease payments ・Property, plant and equipmentは有形固定資産と解釈してよいものなのでしょうか?

  • 至急この英文の和訳をお願い致しますm(*_*)m

    Societies which recognize that pacta sunt servanda among their own members,do not find it difficult to recognize the advantages of fulfilling obligations and contacts in dealings with individuals and groups in different societies.The fact that all societies appear to recognize that there is an obligation to fulfil contacts,alongwith prudential advantage in fulfilling them (just as,it is often argued,they all recognize rules that limit violence among their members and enjoin respect for rights of property) provides a basis for the extension of the principle of the sanctity of contracts beyond the bounds of particular societies.

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  • ddeana
  • ベストアンサー率74% (2977/4020)

残念ながら、資本の個人所有および所得収入による資産に関する権利権は、特に利潤追求とはまったく道徳的でないと考えられている社会においてはいまだ争いの元になっています。 結局のところ財産権のキーポイントとなる目的は、それらを使って利益を得たり個人的恩恵にこうむる為に資産を守るということなのです。こういった権利は、ものすごい残余財産とは「盗み」とする見方をする社会に置いては受け入れられません。カール・マルクスにより推進された概念は、労働分業のもとでの富とは共同で生み出されるものであり、よって全体として所有されるべきものであるという、20世紀前半に広く普及した仮説のままです。

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    Any rights inhering in an individual, therefore, must be “stolen” from society as a whole. Classical economists led by Adam Smith, a prominent figure of the Enlightenment, in contrast, developed the notion of the marginal contribution of each individual to the production process as the basis of his or her incomes. Implicitly, Smith’s followers argued that Marx’s view was inconsistent with human nature and therefore could not explain economic development. Marx did recognize that acquisitive human nature was not compatible with a collectivized state.

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