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日本語訳を! 6-(7)

お願いします。 (13) 1.First stop for the dead is tge Place of Washing, which the Egyptians called Ibu. After a good washing, the embalmers performed a ceremony with Nile water and a kind of salt found in the waters of the Nile called natron. The ceremony symbolizes rebirth. For more reasons than one―secrecy and stench, to name two―Ibu is not close to town. (14) 2.Next stop is Per-nefer, the House of Mummification. Herodotus reports what went on there: "They take first a crooked piece of iron, and with it draw out the brain through the nostrils." Then the embalmers flush out the skull with water and lay it on its side to drain while they "cut along the flank... and take out the whole contents of the abdomen." The heart is left inside the body because the Egyptians believe this to be the most important organ. A few things are tossed because they are considered so unimportant―the brain, for one. The rest of the internal organs are cleaned and storedin jars so that the spirits have a complete home when the time comes to reoccupy the body. Fingernails and toenails are wrapped with twine to keep them from falling off when the skin shrinks. The body is stuffed, covered with natron, which is even better than sand for drying, and left to dry for 40 days.

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(13) 1. 死者が、最初に止まるのは、洗浄の場です、この場所を、エジプト人は、イブと呼びました。 良く洗浄した後、死体防腐処理人は、ナトロン(ソーダ)と呼ばれるナイル川の水の中に見つかる一種の塩で、儀式を行いました。 その儀式は、再生を象徴します。 一つならぬ理由で、― 2つについて言えば、秘密を守るためと悪臭があるために ― イブは、町の近くにはありません。 (14) 2. 次に止まる場所は、ペルーネフェル、すなわち、ミイラ作りの家です。ヘロドトスは、そこで行われたことを報告しています: 「彼らは、まず、曲がった鉄の針金を取り、それを使って、鼻孔から脳を引き出します。」 それから、死体防腐処理人は、頭蓋骨を水で洗浄して、水が流れ出す様に、頭蓋骨を横にします、その間に、彼らは、「脇腹に沿って切開し」 ... そして、腹部から内臓を取り出します。」 心臓は、体内に残されます、と言うのは、エジプト人は、これが最も重要な臓器であると信じているからです。2,3の臓器は、捨てられます、なぜならば、それらは、重要だと思われていないからです ― 脳みそ等はこれに当たります。 残りの内臓は、時が訪れて、霊魂が、体を再び占めるようになるとき、完全な家(人体のこと)を持つように、きれいにされて、壺に保管されます。指の爪と足の爪は、皮膚が縮むとき、それらが、剥がれ落ちないようにするために、ひもで包まれます。 遺体に詰め物が施され、ナトロン(ソーダ)でおおわれます。ナトロンは、乾燥させるためには、砂よりさらによいのです、それから、40日間、乾かすために放置されます。

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  • 日本語訳を! 1-(2)

    お願いします。  Without the Nile you wouldn't have much of a kingdom to rule. Strutting might seem a bit silly. Egypt would be home to nothing more than a few wandering bands of nomads passing through the red land, dusty and dragging from the relentless heat, in search of the rare oasis. The Nile, however, the glorious Nile, brought a narrow band of life to Egypt. It carried rich, black dirt and spread it over the floodplains, creating fields for the Egyptians to plant their seeds. The Egyptians called it khemet―the black land. The change from red land to black land was so abrupt you could straddle the border, standing with one foot in red earth and the other in black.  The ancient Egyptians knew tha without the Great River they would have no villages, no fields of wheat, and no cattle. To them the water was sacred. They believed it flowed from paradise and could heal the sick. They wrote songs to the Nike―praising its life-giving force. The Hymn to the Nile began "Hail to thee O, Nile!" and praised the Great River for coming "to give life to Egypt." It may seem as if the ancients got carried away with their praise when they sang, "If you cease your toil and your work, then all that exists is in anguish." But if the Nile did "cease its toil," the people would starve. Maybe they weren't so carried away after all.

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    お願いします。 (15) 3.Next stop Wabet, the House of Purification. Here the embalmers remove the stuffing from the body cavity and repack it with sawdust, rags, natron, or sometimes even plants. They rub the skin with oils to restore its softness. Once the body looks its best, the wrapping begins. It can take two weeks to wrap a body and nearly 500 square yards of linen. The family of the deceased spends the next 40 days while the body is drying collecting anything that can be torn into strips to supply the embalmers with wrappings. To help the Ka and Ba recognize their body under all those rags, an artist paints a mummy mask that look like the dead person's face. (16) From start to finish, embalmers chanted spells and performed rituals. The whole process took on average 70 days―unless, of course, you went for the economy option, and then the embalmers had you in and out in 7 days. And that's a wrap.

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