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フランス軍の攻撃と進撃の詳細

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  • フランス軍はXX軍団とIX軍団で攻撃を行ったが、激しい砲撃に阻まれました。
  • フランス軍はNeuvilleとLorette Spurで進撃を続け、一部地域を制圧しました。
  • フランス軍はCarencyで成功を収め、多くの捕虜と火器を鹵獲しました。

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  • Nakay702
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回答No.1

>To the south, XX Corps made slow progress at Neuville, where the 39th Division held a front with a right-angle facing the western and northern fringes of the village, with the right-hand brigade attacking the village and the left-hand brigade attempting to capture ferme La Folie. Every attempt to advance was met with massed artillery-fire. IX Corps on the northern flank, X and XVII corps on the southern flank, made limited attacks, which were mostly repulsed. ⇒ヌヴィーユで第XX軍団が南へ向ってゆっくりと前進し、第39師団は村の西部と北部の縁の直角点で前線を構え、右手の旅団が村を攻撃し、左手の旅団が農場ラ・フォリーの攻略を試みた。あらゆる前進の試みが大規模な砲撃を浴びた。北側の第IX軍団、南側の第Xおよび第XVII軍団は限定的な攻撃を行ったが、ほとんどが撃退された。 >To the south, the French attack on Neuville and the Labyrnthe continued and the cemetery was captured. Pétain reported that machine-gun fire from both flanks and German artillery-fire had increased, which had caused far more casualties. The result of the attack on 11 May, led d'Urbal to order that the German defences on the flanks at Souchez and Neuville were to be captured, before resuming the attack on Vimy Ridge. ⇒南側では、フランス軍によるヌヴィーユと「迷路」への攻撃が続き、墓地が攻略された。両側面からの機関銃射撃とドイツ軍の砲撃が増加し、それがはるかに多くの犠牲者を出した、とペタンは報告した。5月11日の攻撃の結果は、ヴィミー・リッジへの攻撃を再開する前に、スーシェとヌヴィーユの側面のドイツ軍の防御隊を攻略すべしとのドゥルバルの命令につながった。 >XXI Corps was to resume the advance along the Lorette Spur, XXXIII Corps was to capture Carency and then attack Souchez, as XX Corps to the south attacked Neuville. Before dawn on 12 May, French Chasseurs attacked the strong point near the Chapel of Notre Dame de Lorette on the Lorette Spur; after hand-to-hand fighting the strong point and the remains of the Chapel were captured. At dawn, under a German artillery bombardment, the French pushed towards the Spur of the White Way, which commanded the valley from Ablain to Souchez. ⇒第XXI軍団はロレット山脚に沿って前進を再開することに、第XXXIII軍団はカレンシーを占領してからスーシェを攻撃し、南のXX軍団がヌヴィーユを攻撃することになっていた。5月12日の夜明け前に、フランス軍のシャスールがロレット山脚のノートルダム・ド・ロレット礼拝堂近くの強化地点を攻撃した。肉弾戦の後、強化地点と礼拝堂の遺跡を攻略した。フランス軍は明け方にドイツ軍の砲撃潜ってホワイト・ウェイの山脚に向かって押し込み、アブレンからスーシェまでの渓谷を支配下に収めた。 >At Carency, French infantry attacked after a bombardment, captured the wooded hillock east of the village and eventually took the stone quarry to the west. The French entered the western block of houses at the same time and at 5.30 p.m. about 1,000 members of the garrison surrendered. Conditions on the plateau were appalling, because bursting shells had disinterred the corpses of hundreds of French and German soldiers killed before the offensive. The French continued the advance from Carency towards Ablain, which suddenly caught fire, as the Germans withdrew to houses at the eastern fringe of the village. The French took 2,000 prisoners, field artillery and machine-guns in the area. ⇒カレンシーでは、フランス軍の歩兵が砲撃の後に攻撃し、村の東にある森林に覆われた小丘を攻略し、最終的に西の採石場を奪取した。フランス軍は同時に西地区の家屋に侵入して、約1,000人の守備隊員が午後5時半に降伏した。攻撃の前に殺された数百人のフランス軍およびドイツ軍兵士の死体が、破裂した砲弾によって破壊されたため、高原の状態は惨状を極めた。フランス軍は、カレンシーからアブレンへの前進を続け、ドイツ軍が村の東部にある家屋に撤退したところ、そこが突然着火した。フランス軍は、この地域で2,000人の囚人、野戦砲や機関銃を捕獲した。 >On Thursday 13 May, in heavy rain a German counter-attack on the Spur of the White Way was repulsed by machine-gun fire. By the morning of 14 May, the French had captured most of the Lorette Spur and Carency but not the intervening positions, from which flanking fire had stopped the XXXIII Corps from advancing on Souchez. On 15 May, another French attack on the Spur of the White Way failed and until 21 May, the French on the Lorette Spur consolidated, under fire from the German artillery at Angres and Liévin. In the valley, the Germans held on at the east end of Ablain and recaptured the church and cemetery. ⇒5月13日木曜日、豪雨の中、ホワイト・ウェイの山脚に対するドイツ軍の反撃が、機関銃の砲火によって撃退された。フランス軍は5月14日の朝までにロレット山脚とカレンシーの大部分を占領したが、隣接する陣地は攻略しなかったため、側面射撃により第XXXIII軍団がスーシェに進むことができなくなった。5月15日、ホワイト・ウェイの山脚に対するフランス軍の別の攻撃は失敗したので、ロレット山脚でのフランス軍は、アングレとリエヴァンのドイツ軍砲兵からの砲火の下で、5月21日までにこれを強化した。この渓谷で、ドイツ軍はアブレンの東端で維持して、教会と墓地を奪還した。

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  • 下の英文を翻訳してください。

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  • 英語の文を日本文にしてください。

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  • 和訳をお願いします。

    The 39th Division crossed the German trenches in front of La Targette, where two strong points contained artillery but the French advance was so swift, that only a few machine-gunners were able to engage them and the village was captured by 11:15 a.m., 350 prisoners being taken. The area was quickly consolidated and French field artillery galloped up to engage German troops nearby. The French pressed on to Neuville and advanced up the southern part of Vimy Ridge but troops of the 11th Division on the right flank, were held up by the defenders of the Labyrnthe. In the centre, the French gained a foothold in houses at the south end of the village and near the cemetery and half of the village was captured. On the main front, the French artillery had prepared the way for the infantry and creeping barrages had kept the surviving German infantry pinned down but where the French had fewer heavy guns and ammunition, the attacks had failed. The XVII Corps to the south of the attack front, had been expected to make a deeper advance than the other corps but was stopped by German machine-gun fire in no man's land and was only able to establish small footholds in the first position. In the south of the attack front, the X Corps infantry were stopped in no man's land. By nightfall the Tenth Army had taken 3,000 prisoners, ten field guns and fifty machine-guns. The success of XXXIII Corps had used up much of its ammunition and poor-quality shells had caused 24 premature explosions in its guns, against only four knocked out by German counter-battery fire. On 10 May, Joffre and Foch decided that infantry attacks would have to reflect the capacity of the artillery to support them and a proposal by d'Urbal to attack south of Arras was rejected. Joffre ordered several cavalry divisions to move towards the Tenth Army area as a decoy. To keep German reserves pinned down, a feint attack was made north of the Lorette Spur towards Loos, which managed a small advance on the left, until stopped by the fire of German artillery in Angres. On the Lorette Spur, machine-gun fire from a German strong point near the chapel caused many French casualties. A counter-attack from the sugar refinery between Ablain and Souchez was seen assembling and the French attack in the area was suspended. Barrage fire by the French artillery prevented the German infantry from advancing and the French infantry descended from the spur towards the Ablain ravine. The attack on Carency continued and German counter-attacks recovered some of the communication trenches and tunnels connecting it with Souchez. During the day, houses east of the village were stormed and a hollow south of the Carency–Souchez road was captured.

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    Two areas of the German front line, on either side of the Neuve Chapelle battlefield, were attacked by the British First Army (General Sir Douglas Haig). In the south I Corps and the Indian Corps attacked on a 2,400 yd (1.4 mi; 2.2 km) front from the Rue du Bois and IV Corps attacked in the north on a 1,500 yd (1,400 m) front opposite Fromelles. The attack was intended to make two breaches in the German defences 6,000 yd (3.4 mi; 5.5 km) apart, after which the infantry were to advance to Aubers Ridge about 3,000 yd (1.7 mi; 2.7 km) beyond. The preliminary bombardment began at 5:00 a.m. and at 5:30 a.m. became intense. Ten minutes later, the infantry attacked and surprised the German defenders, artillery fire cutting all the German telephone lines to the rear. Visibility was poor due to smoke and dust and the bombardment proved less effective than assumed; much of the British shell-fire fell short and few of the German machine-guns were destroyed. German machine-gunners and artillery began to fire at the same time and in ten minutes inflicted many casualties on the British infantry as they advanced across no man's land. The failure of the attack to gain more than a few footholds in the German first line led to a second attack at 8:00 a.m. after a forty-five-minute bombardment, which was repelled in no man's land by German defensive fire. A new attack was ordered for noon but was delayed until about 5:00 p.m. Despite a "terrific" bombardment, the German machine-gun nests were not destroyed and the machine-gunners stopped the attack with flanking-fire. To assist the French, whose attack had been more successful, another attack was ordered for 8:00 p.m. and then cancelled as it became clear that another attack could not be launched. The extent of the British defeat had not been realised, due to the difficulty of communicating with the front line. The British lost c. 11,000 casualties and German casualties had also been severe; the defensive position had been turned into a crater-field but German reserves were moved from the British front to Vimy Ridge on 12 May. Joffre and Foch met French that day to persuade him to resume the attack after the redeployment of German divisions south against the Tenth Army: French agreed to relieve a French division south of La Bassée by 15 May. Pétain proposed a combined attack on Souchez with the divisions of XXXIII and XXI corps for 12 May, which was rejected due to the exhaustion of the XXI Corps divisions. Pétain substituted a plan for three limited attacks against Carency, Bois 125, Ablain and Souchez, with similar attack in the south against Neuville. Joffre sent the III Corps to the Tenth Army as reinforcement but also had to withdraw artillery to support the British attack due at Festubert.