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The Battle of Jassin (also known as the Battle of Yasin, the Battle of Jasin, the Battle of Jasini or the Battle of Jassini) was a World War I battle that took place on 18– 19 January 1915 at Jassin on the German East African side of the border with British East Africa between a German Schutztruppe force and British and Indian troops. Jassin had been occupied by the British in order to secure the border between British East Africa and German territory, but was weakly defended by a garrison of four companies of Indian troops, commanded by Colonel Raghbir Singh and numbering a little over 300 men. Colonel Raghbir Singh was killed during the battle. The German commander, Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, decided to attack Jassin in order to prevent further danger to Tanga, which lay more than 50 kilometres to the south and had previously been successfully defended against a British attack. Nine companies of Schutztruppe with European officers were gathered for the assault. Immediately after the British force surrendered, British Captains Hanson and Turner were taken to see Lettow-Vorbeck. He congratulated them on their defence of the town before releasing them on the promise they would play no further part in the war. Brigadier-General Michael Tighe arrived too late, just hours after the surrender to support the British at Jassin . Although the British force surrendered, Lettow-Vorbeck realised that the level of German losses of officers and ammunition meant that he could rarely afford confrontation on such a large scale and would need to make use of guerrilla warfare instead—he turned his attention away from seeking decisive battle against the British, concentrating instead on operations against the Uganda Railway. The British response was to withdraw and concentrate their forces in order to reduce their risks and make defence easier. As a result, the invasion of German East Africa was postponed for some time. The Battle of Hartmannswillerkopf or Hartmannsweilerkopf (French: bataille du Vieil-Armand) was a series of engagements during the First World War fought for the control of the Hartmannswillerkopf peak in Alsace in 1914 and 1915. Hartmannswillerkopf is a pyramidal rocky spur in the Vosges mountains, about 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Thann. The peak stands at 956 m (3,136 ft) and overlooks the Alsace Plain, Rhine valley and the Black Forest in Germany and was captured by the French army during the Battle of Mulhouse (7–10, 14–26 August 1914). From the vantage point, Mulhouse and the Mulhouse–Colmar railway could be seen and the French railway from Thann to Cernay and Belfort shielded from German observation. Hartmannswillerkopf アルトゥマンスウィコフ

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>The Battle of Jassin (also known as the Battle of Yasin, the Battle of Jasin, the Battle of Jasini or the Battle of Jassini) was a World War I battle that took place on 18– 19 January 1915 at Jassin on the German East African side of the border with British East Africa between a German Schutztruppe force and British and Indian troops. Jassin had been occupied by the British in order to secure the border between British East Africa and German territory, but was weakly defended by a garrison of four companies of Indian troops, commanded by Colonel Raghbir Singh and numbering a little over 300 men. Colonel Raghbir Singh was killed during the battle. ⇒「ジャシンの戦い」(ヤシンの戦い、ジャーシンの戦い、ジャシーニの戦い、またはジャッシーニの戦いとしても知られる)は、1915年1月18日-19日、ドイツの植民地保護隊と英国・インド軍団との間で、英国領東アフリカとドイツ領東アフリカとの国境のドイツ領側にあるジャシンにおいて行われた第一次世界大戦の戦いであった。このジャシンが、英国領東アフリカとドイツ領土の国境を確保するために英国軍に占領されたものの、それはラグビル・シン大佐が指揮する300人強のインド軍4個中隊という守備隊で、弱々しい防御隊であった。(しかも)戦闘中にラグビル・シン大佐が死亡した。 >The German commander, Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, decided to attack Jassin in order to prevent further danger to Tanga, which lay more than 50 kilometres to the south and had previously been successfully defended against a British attack. Nine companies of Schutztruppe with European officers were gathered for the assault. ⇒ドイツ軍司令官ポール・エミール・フォン・レトウ‐フォルベックは、タンガに対するさらなる危険を防ぐためにジャシンを攻撃することを決めた。タンガは南に50キロ以上あるので、以前は英国軍の攻撃から十分防御されていた。ヨーロッパからの将校らともども植民地保護隊の9個中隊が襲撃のために集まった。 >Immediately after the British force surrendered, British Captains Hanson and Turner were taken to see Lettow-Vorbeck. He congratulated them on their defence of the town before releasing them on the promise they would play no further part in the war. Brigadier-General Michael Tighe arrived too late, just hours after the surrender to support the British at Jassin. Although the British force surrendered, Lettow-Vorbeck realised that the level of German losses of officers and ammunition meant that he could rarely afford confrontation on such a large scale and would need to make use of guerrilla warfare instead—he turned his attention away from seeking decisive battle against the British, concentrating instead on operations against the Uganda Railway. The British response was to withdraw and concentrate their forces in order to reduce their risks and make defence easier. As a result, the invasion of German East Africa was postponed for some time. ⇒英国軍が降伏した直後、英国軍のハンソン大尉とターナー大尉はレトウ‐フォルベックとの謁見に連行された。彼は、二人に町の防衛を祝福した後、彼らが戦争にこれ以上関与しないとの約束の上で彼らを釈放した。マイケル・タイ准将は、ジャシンの英国軍を支援するために到着したが、遅すぎて降伏のわずか数時間後であった。英国軍は降伏したが、レトウ‐フォルベックは、ドイツ軍将校(の人的損失)と弾薬損失のレベルが、そのような大規模な対立戦には耐えることがほどできないほどだったので、代わりにゲリラ戦を利用すること ― 英国に対する決定的な戦いから転身して、代わりにウガンダ鉄道に対する作戦行動に集中する必要がある、ということを覚った。英国軍の対応は、彼らのリスクを軽減し、防衛を容易にするために軍隊を撤退させ、集中させることであった。その結果、ドイツ領東アフリカへの侵略はしばらく延期された。 >The Battle of Hartmannswillerkopf or Hartmannsweilerkopf (French: bataille du Vieil-Armand) was a series of engagements during the First World War fought for the control of the Hartmannswillerkopf peak in Alsace in 1914 and 1915. Hartmannswillerkopf is a pyramidal rocky spur in the Vosges mountains, about 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Thann. The peak stands at 956 m (3,136 ft) and overlooks the Alsace Plain, Rhine valley and the Black Forest in Germany and was captured by the French army during the Battle of Mulhouse (7–10, 14–26 August 1914). From the vantage point, Mulhouse and the Mulhouse–Colmar railway could be seen and the French railway from Thann to Cernay and Belfort shielded from German observation. ⇒「アルトマンスヴィレルコフ、またはアルトマンスヴァィレルコフの戦い」(フランス語:bataille du Vieil-Armand)は、1914年と1915年にアルザスのアルトマンスヴィレルコフ頂上の制御権を求めて戦った第一次世界大戦中の一連の戦闘であった。アルトマンスヴィレルコフは、タンの北約5キロ(3.1マイル)にあるボージュ山脈中のピラミッド型岩盤の山脚である。頂上は956 m(3,136フィート)にあり、アルザス平野、ライン渓谷、ドイツの黒い森を見下ろす位置にあるが、「ミュルーズの戦い」(1914年8月7-10日、14-26日)でフランス軍に占領された。その見晴らしの良い場所からは、ミュルーズ鉄道とミュルーズ–コルマール鉄道が見渡せるので、タンからセルネーとベルフォールまでのフランス鉄道がドイツ軍の観測から保護されていた。

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