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The capitulation of the Portuguese enabled the Germans to seize a large quantity of supplies and continue operations in East Africa until the end of the war.By late November 1917, the Germans in East Africa were left with few options if they wanted to continue the war. They were outnumbered drastically and were split up into several different columns. The two largest of these, under Theodor Tafel and Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, were completely cut off from each other. Although von Lettow-Vorbeck's column had defeated a large British force at the Battle of Mahiwa he had lost a large number of troops and expended virtually his entire supply of modern ammunition. With only antiquated weapons and no way of resupplying, von Lettow-Vorbeck decided to invade Portuguese East Africa in hopes of acquiring sufficient supplies to continue the war. There was no legal impediment to this attack; Germany had declared war on Portugal on 9 March 1916. Although Tafel's force was intercepted by the Allies and capitulated before reaching the border, von Lettow-Vorbeck and his column was able to reach the Rovuma River. Facing supply shortages, the German general then reduced his force by dismissing a large number of Askaris, who could not be adequately equipped, as well as a number of camp followers. With his reduced force, von Lettow-Vorbeck made plans to attack the Portuguese garrison across the river at Ngomano. The Portuguese force was a native contingent led by European officers under João Teixeira Pinto, a veteran with experience fighting in Africa. Rather than prepare defensive positions, the Portuguese had begun building a large encampment upon their arrival at Ngomano on 20 November. Pinto had at his disposal 900 troops with six machine guns and a large supply cache but his inexperienced force was no match for von Lettow-Vorbeck's force, which crossed the river with between 1,500 and 2,000 veterans as well as a large number of porters. At 07:00 on the morning of 25 November, the Portuguese garrison at Ngomano received word from a British intelligence officer that an attack was about to commence. Nevertheless, when the attack came they were unprepared.

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>The capitulation of the Portuguese enabled the Germans to seize a large quantity of supplies and continue operations in East Africa until the end of the war.By late November 1917, the Germans in East Africa were left with few options if they wanted to continue the war. They were outnumbered drastically and were split up into several different columns. The two largest of these, under Theodor Tafel and Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, were completely cut off from each other. ⇒ポルトガル軍の降伏によってドイツ軍は大量の供給品をつかみ、この戦いの終わりまで東アフリカでの作戦行動を続けた。(しかし)1917年11月末までには、東アフリカのドイツ軍は、もし戦争を続けたいとしても、ほとんど選択の自由がない状態になった。彼らは大幅な数的劣勢に立ち、いくつかの異なる縦隊に分裂していた。これらのうちで最大の2個縦隊は、お互いにテオドール・ターフェル指揮下と、ポール・エミール・フォン・レトゥ‐フォルベック指揮下とに、完全に切り離された。 >Although von Lettow-Vorbeck's column had defeated a large British force at the Battle of Mahiwa he had lost a large number of troops and expended virtually his entire supply of modern ammunition. With only antiquated weapons and no way of resupplying, von Lettow-Vorbeck decided to invade Portuguese East Africa in hopes of acquiring sufficient supplies to continue the war. There was no legal impediment to this attack; Germany had declared war on Portugal on 9 March 1916. ⇒「マヒワの戦い」で、フォン・レトゥ・フォルベックの縦隊が大きな英国軍を破ったけれども、彼は多くの軍隊を失い、事実上、供給された現代的弾薬をすべて費やした。フォン・レトゥ・フォルベックは、再補給の方法もなく、旧式な武器だけで、戦争継続のための十分な供給品の獲得を期待してポルトガル領東アフリカを侵略することに決めた。この攻撃に対しては、法的障害は全然なかった。ドイツ軍は、1916年3月9日にポルトガルに対する宣戦を布告した。 >Although Tafel's force was intercepted by the Allies and capitulated before reaching the border, von Lettow-Vorbeck and his column was able to reach the Rovuma River. Facing supply shortages, the German general then reduced his force by dismissing a large number of Askaris, who could not be adequately equipped, as well as a number of camp followers. With his reduced force, von Lettow-Vorbeck made plans to attack the Portuguese garrison across the river at Ngomano. The Portuguese force was a native contingent led by European officers under João Teixeira Pinto, a veteran with experience fighting in Africa. ⇒ターフェル軍団は連合国軍によって妨害され、境界に到達する前に降伏したが、フォン・レトゥ・フォルベックと彼の縦隊はロヴマ川に到着することができた。供給不足に直面したドイツ軍の将軍は、多くの非戦闘員(洗濯係など)と同様に、適正に装備できない多くの現地軍人を解雇して、その軍勢を減らした。その縮小された軍団をもって、フォンレトゥ・フォルベックはンゴマノで川を横切ってポルトガル軍守備隊を攻撃する計画を立てた。ポルトガル軍団は、アフリカで戦った経験を持つ老兵ジョアン・テシェィラ・ピントの指揮下で、ヨーロッパ人将校が先導する土着民の派遣団であった。 >Rather than prepare defensive positions, the Portuguese had begun building a large encampment upon their arrival at Ngomano on 20 November. Pinto had at his disposal 900 troops with six machine guns and a large supply cache but his inexperienced force was no match for von Lettow-Vorbeck's force, which crossed the river with between 1,500 and 2,000 veterans as well as a large number of porters. At 07:00 on the morning of 25 November, the Portuguese garrison at Ngomano received word from a British intelligence officer that an attack was about to commence. Nevertheless, when the attack came they were unprepared. ⇒ポルトガル軍は、11月20日にンゴマノに到着するや、防御用陣地を準備するより先に大きな野営を築きはじめた。ピントは、6丁の機関銃と大量の供給物資とともに900人の軍隊を自由に使うことができたが、彼の未経験軍団はフォン・レトゥ・フォルベック軍団の比ではなかった。というのも、こちらは、多勢の運搬者だけでなく、1,500人から2,000人の老練兵をもって川を横切ったのである。11月25日の朝7時、ポルトガルのンゴマノ駐屯軍は、英国軍諜報部から、攻撃がまさに始まろうとしているとの知らせを受け取ったが、その時はまだ(戦闘の)準備が整っていなかった。

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