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Failed Attempt to Send Korean Delegation and the Impact on Korean Independence at the Paris Peace Conference

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  • A failed attempt by the Korean National Association to send a delegation to the Paris Peace Conference had significant implications for Korean independence.
  • However, a delegation of Koreans from China and Hawaii managed to attend the conference, led by a representative from the Korean Provisional Government in Shanghai, Kim Kyu-sik.
  • Despite the support of some Chinese leaders, the Koreans were not taken seriously due to Korea's status as a Japanese colony, effectively ending the possibility of foreign support and recognition for Korean independence.

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>After a failed attempt by the Korean National Association to send a three-man delegation to Paris, a delegation of Koreans from China and Hawaii did make it there. Included in this delegation, was a representative from the Korean Provisional Government in Shanghai, Kim Kyu-sik. They were aided by the Chinese, who were eager for the opportunity to embarrass Japan at the international forum. Several top Chinese leaders at the time, including Sun Yat-sen, told U.S. diplomats that the peace conference should take up the question of Korean independence. ⇒「韓国国家協会」がパリに3人の代表団を派遣しようとして失敗した後、中国やハワイからの韓国人代表団がそこに行った。この代表団には、上海の「韓国暫定政府」からの代表キム・キュ‐シク(金桂植?)が参加した。彼らは、国際フォーラム(公開討論)で日本を困惑させる機会を切望していた中国人の支援を受けた。ソン・ヤ‐セン(孫元山?)を含む当時の中国最高指導者たちは、米国の外交官に、平和会議は韓国の独立問題を取り上げるべきだと語った。 >Beyond that, however, the Chinese, locked in a struggle against the Japanese themselves, could do little for Korea. Apart from China, no nation took the Koreans seriously at the Paris conference because of its status as a Japanese colony. The failure of the Korean nationalists to gain support from the Paris Peace Conference ended the possibility of foreign support.  Following the Conference's decision to separate the former Arab provinces from the Ottoman Empire and to apply the newly conceived mandate-system to them, the Zionist Organization submitted their draft resolutions for consideration by the Peace Conference on 3 February 1919. ⇒しかしそれ以上に、中国人は日本人との闘いに縛られていたので、韓国のためにはほとんど何もできなかった。この中国を別にすれば、日本の植民地としての地位のため、パリ会議で韓国問題を真剣に取り上げた国はなかった。韓国の民族主義者が「パリ平和会議」からの支援を得ることに失敗したことで、外国からの支援の可能性は終った。  旧アラブ諸国をオスマン帝国から分離し、新たに構想された委任統治制度をそれに適用するという会議の決定に続いて、「シオニスト組織(体)」が1919年2月3日の「平和会議」で検討してもらうための決議案を提出した。 >Zionist state as claimed at the Paris Peace Conference  British memorandum on Palestine ahead of the Peace Conference  The statement included five main points:  Recognition of the Jewish people's historic title to Palestine and their right to reconstitute their National Home there.  The boundaries of Palestine were to be declared as set out in the attached Schedule  The sovereign possession of Palestine would be vested in the League of Nations and the Government entrusted to Great Britain as Mandatory of the League. ⇒「パリ平和会議」で主張されたシオニスト国家  「平和会議」に先立つ、パレスチナに関する英国の覚書  この声明には、以下のような、5つの主要条項が含まれていた。  パレスチナにユダヤ民族の歴史的称号と、彼らの「国家的本拠」を再構築する権利の認知。  パレスチナの境界は、添付のスケジュールに定めたとおり宣言されることとなった  パレスチナの主権所有は国際連盟に帰属し、その政府は連盟の委任統治国としての英国に委託されるものとする。 > Other provisions to be inserted by the High Contracting Parties relating to the application of any general conditions attached to mandates, which are suitable to the case in Palestine.  The mandate shall be subject also to several noted special conditions, including promotion of Jewish immigration and close settlement on the land and safeguarding rights of the present non-Jewish population  a Jewish Council representative for the development of the Jewish National Home in Palestine, and offer to the Council in priority any concession for public works or for the development of natural resources ⇒権益に付随する一切の一般的な条件の適用に関しては、「主席締約国」によって挿入されるその他の規定がパレスチナ問題に適合されるものとする。  この権益は、ユダヤ人の移民と土地への緊密な定着の促進、および現在の非ユダヤ人住民の保護の権利を含む、特記されたいくつかの特別条件にも従わなければならない  パレスチナにおける「ユダヤ国家の本拠」発展のため、「ユダヤ人評議会」の代表者(の選出を容認し)、公共事業または天然資源の開発のための優先権を評議会に与える

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