Romanian troops hold out against superior enemy forces in 1917

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  • By August 30, the Romanian troops successfully halted the advance of the Gerok Group, a superior enemy force.
  • The Central Powers' general offensive on the Romanian front was definitively stopped on September 3, 1917, marking their strategic defeat.
  • Romania lost over 27,000 men, but the Romanian army dealt the strongest blow to the Central Powers in East Europe in 1917.
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Holding out against superior enemy forces, by August 30 the Romanian troops stemmed the advance of the Gerok Group, successively reinforced with numerous forces and means, which only managed to achieve 2–6 km-deep and 18–20 km-wide breakthrough in the defensive disposition of the Romanian Second Army. The definitive discontinuing of the Central Powers' general offensive on the Romanian front on September 3, 1917 therefore marked their strategic defeat and a considerable weakening of their forces on the South-Eastern front, the response given by the Romanian army being the strongest blow they were dealt in East Europe in 1917. Romania lost over 27,000 men, including 610 officers, while Germany and Austria-Hungary lost over 47,000. The Romanian heroine Ecaterina Teodoroiu was killed by machine gun fire on September 3. Five days later, Karl von Wenninger (de), a Major General in the German Army, was killed by artillery fire near the village of Muncelu.In March 1918, Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, and Austrian-German forces advanced in Ukraine that May. This left Romania surrounded by the Central Powers, forcing them to sign the Treaty of Bucharest.

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>Holding out against superior enemy forces, by August 30 the Romanian troops stemmed the advance of the Gerok Group, successively reinforced with numerous forces and means, which only managed to achieve 2–6 km-deep and 18–20 km-wide breakthrough in the defensive disposition of the Romanian Second Army. ⇒ルーマニア軍隊は、8月30日までには、自軍より勝る敵軍に耐えて、多数の軍隊や物資を連続的に補強するゲーロック・グループの進軍を食い止めた。ルーマニア第2方面軍の防御体制の中を奥行き2–6キロ、幅18–20キロの進軍突破を許しただけであった。 >The definitive discontinuing of the Central Powers' general offensive on the Romanian front on September 3, 1917 therefore marked their strategic defeat and a considerable weakening of their forces on the South-Eastern front, the response given by the Romanian army being the strongest blow they were dealt in East Europe in 1917. ⇒1917年9月3日、ルーマニア軍の前線で中央同盟国軍の一般攻撃を決定的に停止することは彼らの戦略的な敗北であって、したがって、東南部前線におけるその軍隊のかなりの弱体化が画された。ルーマニア軍によって示された応報反応は、彼らが1917年に東ヨーロッパ受けた最も強い打撃であった。 >Romania lost over 27,000 men, including 610 officers, while Germany and Austria-Hungary lost over 47,000. The Romanian heroine Ecaterina Teodoroiu was killed by machine gun fire on September 3. Five days later, Karl von Wenninger (de), a Major General in the German Army, was killed by artillery fire near the village of Muncelu.In March 1918, Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, and Austrian-German forces advanced in Ukraine that May. This left Romania surrounded by the Central Powers, forcing them to sign the Treaty of Bucharest. ⇒ルーマニア軍は、610人の将校を含め27,000人以上の兵士を失ったが、一方ドイツ軍とオーストリア‐ハンガリー軍は47,000人以上を失った。ルーマニア軍のヒロインエカテリナ・テオドロワは、9月3日に機関銃砲火によって殺された。5日後に、ドイツ軍の少将カール・フォン・ヴェニンガー(デ)が、ムンセル村の近くで、大砲砲火によって死亡した。1918年3月に、ロシア軍は「ブレスト‐リトフスク条約」に調印して、その5月にオーストリア‐ドイツ軍隊はウクライナに進軍した。このことでルーマニアは中央同盟国軍に包囲された状況となって、彼らから「ブカレスト条約」に署名するよう強要されることになった。

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