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The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front. There were big gains on the first day, followed by stalemate. The battle cost nearly 160,000 British and about 125,000 German casualties. For much of the war, the opposing armies on the Western Front were at a stalemate, with a continuous line of trenches stretching from the Belgian coast to the Swiss border. The Allied objective from early 1915 was to break through the German defences into the open ground beyond and engage the numerically inferior German Army in a war of movement. The British attack at Arras was part of the French Nivelle Offensive, the main part of which was to take place 50 miles (80 km) to the south. The aim of this combined operation was to end the war in forty-eight hours. At Arras the British were to divert German troops from the French front and to take the German-held high ground that dominated the plain of Douai.

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>The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front. There were big gains on the first day, followed by stalemate. The battle cost nearly 160,000 British and about 125,000 German casualties. ⇒「アラスの戦い」(「第2アラスの戦い」としても知られる)は、第一次世界大戦間の英国軍による西部戦線への攻撃であった。1917年4月9日から5月16日まで、英国軍隊がフランス西部戦線のアラス市近くでドイツ防衛隊を攻撃した。初日こそ一大収穫があったが、それに手詰り状態が続いた。戦いは、ほぼ160,000人の英国軍犠牲者と、およそ125,000人のドイツ軍犠牲者を出した。 >For much of the war, the opposing armies on the Western Front were at a stalemate, with a continuous line of trenches stretching from the Belgian coast to the Swiss border. The Allied objective from early 1915 was to break through the German defences into the open ground beyond and engage the numerically inferior German Army in a war of movement. ⇒この戦いの多くは、両軍が対立する西部前線のベルギーの海岸からスイス国境界にわたる塹壕戦線で手詰り状態であった。1915年前半からの連合国軍の目的は、ドイツ防衛軍を突破してその先に広がる大地へ突き進むことであり、数的に劣勢のドイツ軍と交戦して陣取りをすることであった。 >The British attack at Arras was part of the French Nivelle Offensive, the main part of which was to take place 50 miles (80 km) to the south. The aim of this combined operation was to end the war in forty-eight hours. At Arras the British were to divert German troops from the French front and to take the German-held high ground that dominated the plain of Douai. ⇒アラスでの英国軍の攻撃はフランスの「ニベーユ攻撃」の一部で、その主要部分は、南に50マイル(80キロ)分の場所を取ることであった。この合同の作戦行動の目標としては、48時間以内で戦争を終えることにあった。アラスで、英国軍はフランスの前線からドイツ軍隊の注意をそらし、ドイツ軍に占拠されたドゥエ平野を支配する高地を奪取する手はずになっていた。

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