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On 23 May 1915, Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary. Salandra had expected that Italy's entrance on the allied side would bring the war to a quick solution, but in fact it changed little, and Italy's first year in the war was marked by only very limited success. Following the success of an Austrian offensive from the Trentino in the spring of 1916, Salandra was forced to resign. After World War I, Salandra moved further to the right, and supported Mussolini's accession to power in 1922. Nine years later he died in Rome.

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1915年5月23日、イタリアはオーストリア・ハンガリーに宣戦した。サランドラはイタリアの(三国)同盟側への進出が、戦争の早期解決になると期待していた。しかし実際にはほとんど変化はなく、イタリアの参戦初年度はごくわずかな戦果を記録しただけだった。 1916年春、トレンティーノからのオーストリア軍攻勢が優勢になると、サランドラは辞任を余儀なくされた。 第一次世界大戦後、サランドラは一層右派になり、1922年のムッソリーニの台頭を支持した。9年後、ローマにて死去した。

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