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People living in affluent societies today swim in a sea of redundant calories. Food is everywhere, and it is relatively inexpensive, accounting for about 10 percent of Americans' disposable income on average, Dr. Nestle said in an interview. "People who pay attention to calorie labels on menus are shocked, for example, to discover that a single cookie contains 700 calories," Dr. Nestle said. "You may want that cookie, but then you can't eat anything else. Cookies didn't used to be this big." The human body has a very complex and redundant system to make sure the brain gets the sugar calories it needs to function, Dr. Nestle and Dr. Nesheim explain in their book. At least 100 different hormones, enzymes and other chemicals - with more likely to be discovered - act to regulate appetite and to assure that people eat enough to maintain brain function. But it is these very systems that go into overdrive during starvation (translation: a reduced-calorie diet), making it so difficult for people to lose weight. As seductive as the current food environment is, it is still easier not to gain excess weight in the first place. Most people seriously underestimate how much they eat.

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今日の豊かな社会で暮らす人々は、過剰なカロリーの海で泳いでいる様なものです。食物は、到る所にあり、比較的安価なので、アメリカ人の可処分所得の平均して約10パーセントを食費が占めています。 「たとえば、メニューのカロリー表示に注意を払う人々は、たった1枚のクッキーが、700カロリーも含んでいることを知ってショックを受けます。」と、ネスレ博士は、語りました、「そのクッキーを食べたいかもしれませんが、そうすると、あなたは、他には何も食べられません。クッキーは、以前はこんなに大きくなかったのです。」 脳が機能するために必要な糖分から得られるカロリーを確実に脳が摂取できるようにするために、人体はとても複雑で過剰なシステムを備えているのですと、ネスレ博士とネサイム博士はその著書の中で解説しています。少なくとも100の異なるホルモン、酵素、その他の化学物質が、― さらに発見されそうなより多くの物質と共に ― 食欲を整え、人々が、脳の機能を維持するのに十分な食事をしていることを確かめるために働いています。 しかし、空腹(言いかえれば:カロリーを減らしたダイエット)の期間中に猛烈に働きだし、人々が、体重を減らすのをとても困難にするのは、正にこうしたシステムなのです。 現在の食物環境は魅惑的ですが、そもそも過度に体重を増やさない様にするほうがずっと楽です。ほとんどの人々は、自分がどれほど食べているかを深刻なほど過小評価しているのです。

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