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Have you ever seen the fossils of dinosaurs in a museum?Some are gigantic and horrible and some are small and pretty.If dinosaurs ( (1)) today, the world would get into a total panic.Of course we know that they disappeard from the Earth about 65 million years ago.But wouldn`t you be surprised to hear that their descendants still exist today?Dinosaurs are reptiles that existed in ancient times.Today,reptiles can be found all over the world.For example,lizards,snakes,alligators and turtles are all reptiles.So, are these animals the direct descendants of dinosaurs?Some scientists say it`s actually birds that are the descendants of dinosaurs.This may seem unbelievable, because birds have feathers,wings and most of them can fly.These characteristics seem completely different from those of dinosaurs. But if you have seen the fossil of an ancient bird called the archaeopteryx , you may have noticed some similarities in form between the archaeopteryx and some dinosaurs.Recently,dinosaur fossils which share many properties with birds have been found(another/after/one). Some of them are said to have had feathers on thier body, In view of this evidence, more and more scientists have come to think that birds have evolved from dinosaurs of some kind. If dinosaurs hadn`t existed, there wouldn`t be any birds today. It`s a real surprise that two animals that look so different are so closely related to each other. 1空所(1)に入れる語として適切なものを選べ。 アexisted イhave existed ウexist エwill exist 2These characteristics とは何か。日本語で3つ書きなさい。 3(another/after/one).の語を正しく並べ換えなさい。 4If dinosaurs hadn`t existed, there wouldn`t be any birds today. を和訳しなさい。 5When did dinosaurs disappear from the Earth? 6次のa~eについて本文に合うものには○、合わないものには×を書きなさい。 a.All of the dinosaurs were gigantic. b.Reptiles didn‘t disappear from the Earth. c.There are no dinosaur fossils which share properties with birds. d.Some dinosaurs probably had feathers on their body. e.Some scientists think dinosaurs are the direct descendants of birds.

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訳はすでにしました。 http://okwave.jp/qa/q7748456.html <設問>にだけ回答します。 1. ア existed ☆前回は、lived と、しましたが、同じ様な意味です。仮定法過去の文です。 2. birds have feathers, wings and most of them can fly 鳥には、羽、翼があり、彼らのほとんどが、飛ぶことが出来ると言う特徴のことですから、箇条書きにすると、 (1) 羽 (2) 翼 (3) 空を飛ぶ能力 になります。 3. one after another 4. もしも恐竜が存在していなかったら、今日、鳥は、全くいないでしょう。 ☆「仮定法過去完了+仮定法過去」の文。「過去に~であったら、今は~だろう。」 5. They disappeared about 65 million years ago. 6. a. 全ての恐竜は、巨大でした。(×) Some are gigantic and horrible and some are small and pretty. 巨大で恐ろしいものもあれば、小さくてかわいいものもあります。 b. ハ虫類は、地球から消滅しませんでした。(○) Today, reptiles can be found all over the world. For example, lizards, snakes, alligators and turtles are all reptiles. 今日、爬虫類は、世界中で見つけることができます。 たとえば、トカゲ、ヘビ、ワニ、カメは、すべて爬虫類です。 c. 鳥と特徴を共有する恐竜の化石はありません。(×) Recently, dinosaur fossils which share many properties with birds have been found one after another. 最近、多くの特性を鳥と共有する恐竜の化石が、次々と見つけられました。 d. いくつかの恐竜は、おそらく、身体に羽毛があったようです。(○) Some of them are said to have had feathers on thier body, それらのいくつかには、彼らの体に羽があったと言われています。 e. 恐竜が、鳥の直系の子孫だと考える科学者もいます。(×) Some scientists say it's actually birds that are the descendants of dinosaurs. 科学者の中には、実は、恐竜の子孫であるのは鳥であると言う人々もいます。

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