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動名詞の問題教えてください

(1)意味が同じになるように(    )に何がはいりますか? 1 I am sure that he will get the prize. → He is sure ( ) ( ) the prize. 2 It is certain that he will get the prize. → He is certain ( ) ( ) the prize. (2)動名詞を使っての書き換えです 1I wonder why you did not take his advice. 和訳も教えてくだされば、嬉しいです! よろしくお願いします!!

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He is sure of getting the prize. 彼は賞を取ることを確信している。 He is certain of getting the prize. 意味は上と同じですが,sureのほうが主観的(悪く言えば,思い込み)で,cetainのほうが客観的(誰が見ても,そう思う)という違いがあります。 I wonder about your not having taken his advice. 私は,あなたが彼の助言を受け入れなかったことを,不思議に思う。 述語動詞より前の時制(この場合,過去)の動名詞は,主語+(否定ならnot)+having +過去分詞

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