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After 26 February 1917, when an Anglo-French Congress at Calais decided on a spring offensive, Murray received strong encouragement. The decision by the Supreme War Council was given increased impetus for "Allied activity" on 8 March when the Russian Revolution began. By 11 March Baghdad in Mesopotamia had been occupied by British Empire forces, and an offensive in Macedonia had been launched. In April the Battle of Arras was launched by the British, and the French launched the Nivelle offensive. Britain's three major war objectives now were to maintain maritime supremacy in the Mediterranean Sea, while preserving the balance of power in Europe and the security of Egypt, India, and the Persian Gulf. The latter could be secured by an advance into Palestine and the capture of Jerusalem. A further advance would ultimately cut off the Ottoman forces in Mesopotamia from those on the Arabian Peninsula and secure the region.

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>After 26 February 1917, when an Anglo-French Congress at Calais decided on a spring offensive, Murray received strong encouragement. The decision by the Supreme War Council was given increased impetus for "Allied activity" on 8 March when the Russian Revolution began. By 11 March Baghdad in Mesopotamia had been occupied by British Empire forces, and an offensive in Macedonia had been launched. In April the Battle of Arras was launched by the British, and the French launched the Nivelle offensive. ⇒1917年2月26日以後、カレーでの英仏議会が春の攻撃を決めたとき、マレイは強く勇気づけられた。3月8日にロシア革命が始まったとき、最高軍事会議による決定が「連合国軍の作戦行動」にとって大きなはずみ(機動力)になった。3月11日までにはメソポタミアのバグダッドが大英帝国軍によって占領されていたので、マケドニアへの攻撃が開始された。4月に、「アラスの戦い」が英国軍によって開始され、フランス軍はニヴェーユ攻撃を開始した。 >Britain's three major war objectives now were to maintain maritime supremacy in the Mediterranean Sea, while preserving the balance of power in Europe and the security of Egypt, India, and the Persian Gulf. The latter could be secured by an advance into Palestine and the capture of Jerusalem. A further advance would ultimately cut off the Ottoman forces in Mesopotamia from those on the Arabian Peninsula and secure the region. ⇒英国にとっての3大戦争目的は、今や地中海の制海権を維持することであり、その一方、ヨーロッパにおいて勢力の均衡を維持すること、それと、エジプト、インドおよびペルシャ湾の安全を維持すること(の3つ)であった。後者は、パレスチナへの進軍とエルサレムの攻略によって確保されるであろう。さらなる進軍によって、最終的にはアラビア半島においてそれら(各地域)からメソポタミアのオスマントルコ軍隊を切り離して、地域を守れることだろう。

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