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関係代名詞問題を解きました。採点下さい。高校入試

(1)He has an aunt( ウ  ) lives in Kobe. ア. which   イ.what    ウ.who    エ.where (2)Is this the book ( イ )you bought last Saturday? ア.who    イ.which    ウ.when    エ.what (3)She is a kind girl( エ ) everyone likes. ア.what    イ.which    ウ.whose   エ.whom (4)That is shopping center( エ ) just opened two days ago. ア.who    イ.what    ウ.which    エ.it (5)There is someone at the door ( イ )wants to see you. ア.which    イ.who    ウ.whom    エ.whose (6)The lady ( イ )was my teacher. ア.to that I spoke    イ.whom I spoke   ウ.I spoke to エ.I spoke (7)You can see the mountains( エ ) top is covered with snow ,can’t you. ア.who     イ.whose ウ.whom    エ.that (8)The day will soon come( ウ )we can make a trip to the moon. ア.where イ.what   ウ.when     エ.which (9)He lends money only to the people ( ウ )word he can trust. ア.who    イ.whose    ウ.whom    エ.which (10)Look at the boy and the dog ( エ )are running over there. ア.who   イ.which    ウ.that    エ.what

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  • 英語
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(1)He has an aunt( ウ○) lives in Kobe. ア. which   イ.what    ウ.who    エ.where (2)Is this the book ( イ○)you bought last Saturday? ア.who    イ.which    ウ.when    エ.what (3)She is a kind girl( エ○) everyone likes. ア.what    イ.which    ウ.whose   エ.whom (4)That is shopping center( エ×) just opened two days ago. ア.who    イ.what    ウ.which    エ.it 先行詞である shopping center を「それ」として、「それが開店したばかり」 これを関係代名詞 which にすることにより、修飾が可能になります。 正解はウ。 (5)There is someone at the door ( イ○)wants to see you. ア.which    イ.who    ウ.whom    エ.whose (6)The lady ( イ×)was my teacher. ア.to that I spoke    イ.whom I spoke   ウ.I spoke to エ.I spoke whom だけだと、I spoke her(=the lady)が成り立つ必要があります。 speak to/with という前置詞が必要なので、アかウ。 アのパターンの場合、必ず whom です。 ウのパターンの場合、whom/that さらに、省略も可。 よってウ。 (7)You can see the mountains( エ×) top is covered with snow ,can’t you. ア.who     イ.whose ウ.whom    エ.that 先行詞 the mountain に対して、「それの頂上」が雪に覆われている 「それの」という所有格の whose でイ。 所有格はものでも whose が使えます。 (8)The day will soon come( ウ○)we can make a trip to the moon. ア.where イ.what   ウ.when     エ.which (9)He lends money only to the people ( ウ×)word he can trust. ア.who    イ.whose    ウ.whom    エ.which 先行詞 people に対して、「彼らの言葉」を彼は信用できる。 「彼らの」なので所有格の whose でイ。 「言葉」は、「言葉」を、これは関係代名詞には影響しません。 あくまでも、「彼らの」なら whose です。 (10)Look at the boy and the dog ( エ×)are running over there. ア.who   イ.which    ウ.that    エ.what what は先行詞がない場合です。 今回の先行詞は the boy and the dog 人と動物がともに先行詞なので、that にするしかない。 という古典的な(どうでもいい)問題です。 現実には動物も who とすることが可能です。 よって正解はウ。 うーん、古典的すぎ。30年前と全然変わってない問題ばかりですね。 考えないとだめですね。

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