French Artillery Bombardment and Advance: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

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  • French artillery bombarded the German lines and launched a surprise attack on Vimy Ridge.
  • The German infantry fell into the trap of emerging from shelter during lulls in the fire, only to be caught in more intense bombardment.
  • By noon, the French had penetrated 2.5 miles into the German front defenses.
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英文和訳をお願いします。

French artillery bombarded the German lines overnight and then abated until 6:00 a.m. when a bombardment, slowly increasing in intensity began on the fronts of VII, XIV and I Bavarian Reserve corps, which from mid-morning reached the extent of Trommelfeuer. Lulls in the fire were ruses to prompt German infantry to emerge from shelter, only to be caught in more Trommelfeuer; the German artillery reply was sparse. The French infantry assembled unseen and the advance began after several mines were sprung, obtaining a measure of surprise. The main French attack was received at 11:00 a.m. on the left of XIV Corps and against I Bavarian Reserve Corps, from Lens to Arras, as a second attack began against the centre of XIV Corps along the Béthune–Lens road, which was repulsed by a counter-attack. The 28th Division on the Lorette Spur, was forced out of the front trenches, with many losses and in the evening a battalion of Jäger was sent forward. Further south, the villages of Ablain-St. Nazaire (Ablain) and Carency were held against determined French attacks. By noon 2.5 mi (4 km) of the German front defences had fallen and the French had penetrated up to a depth of 1.9 mi (3 km). In the I Bavarian Reserve Corps area (General Karl von Fasbender), the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division (General Kress von Kressenstein) south of Carency, was pushed back to a line from Cabaret Rouge to Neuville-St. Vaast (Neuville) and French troops advanced as far as artillery positions around Givenchy-en-Gohelle (Givenchy), where reinforcements arrived at noon and managed to forestall a new French attack. To the south, the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division (Lieutenant-General Göringer) managed to repulse the French in hand-to-hand fighting and then enfilade the French further north, who had broken through at La Targette. Crown Prince Rupprecht applied to Falkenhayn, for the two divisions in OHL reserve and the 115th Division (Major-General von Kleist) was moved behind the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division. The 58th Division (Lieutenant-General von Gersdorf) went into the 6th Army reserve and closed up to Lens, as artillery also released from the OHL reserve came forward. On the southern flank of the breakthrough, French attacks were also pushing slowly through the network of trenches known as the Labyrnthe. North of Ecurie, Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 12 took over more ground to the north and prevented the French from widening the breakthrough and in Neuville St. Vaast a counter-attack by a battalion of Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment 10 retook the east end of the village and many of the field guns which had been lost earlier. A defence line was improvised between Neuville and La Folie to the north and was used to engage the French troops further north with flanking fire. Bavarian Infantry Regiment 7 was rushed up from reserve to counter-attack the French on Vimy Ridge.

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>French artillery bombarded ~ reached the extent of Trommelfeuer.  Lulls in the fire were ruses ~ obtaining a measure of surprise. ⇒フランス軍の砲兵隊は、ドイツ軍を一晩中砲撃し、午前6時までで静まったが、それから第VII、第XIV、第Iババリア予備軍の前線で砲撃が午前中から徐々に強まり始めて、トロメルフェアのあたりに達した。  砲火の中の小康状態は、より広いトロメルフェアを捕獲すべくドイツ軍の歩兵が避難壕から出ることを促すための策略であった。ドイツ軍砲兵隊の報復はまばらであった。フランス軍の歩兵隊は目立たない状態で集合し、数発の地雷爆破の後に前進を始め、急襲の手順に成功した。 >The main French attack ~ to a depth of 1.9 mi (3 km). ⇒フランス軍の主な攻撃は、午前11時に第XIV軍団の左翼で受けられ、ベトゥーン-レンズ道に沿った第XIV軍団の中心に対する第2の攻撃としてレンズからアラスまでの第Iババリア予備軍団に対して開始されたが、反撃によって撃退された。ロレット山脚の第28師団は多くの損失を被って前線塹壕から追い出され、夕方にはイェーガー(狙撃)大隊が前方に送られた。さらに南では、アブレン‐サン・ナゼール(アブレン)とカレンシーの村々が、フランス軍の断固たる攻撃に対して持ちこたえていた。正午までにドイツ軍の前線防衛の2.5マイル(4キロ)が陥落し、フランス軍は1.9マイル(3 キロ)奥まで侵入した。 >In the I Bavarian Reserve Corps ~ through at La Targette. ⇒第1ババリア予備軍団地域(カール・フォン・ファスベンダー将軍)では、カレンシーの南にある第5ババリア予備師団(クレス・フォン・クレッセンシュタイン将軍)が、カバレー・ルージュからヌヴィーユ-サン・ヴァーストまでの戦線に押し戻された。そして、フランス軍は、ジバンシー-アン-ゴエユ(ジバンシー)周辺の砲兵隊の陣地まで前進し、正午にそこへ到着したのでフランス軍は新しい攻撃で先制することができた。南部では、第1ババリア予備軍師団(ゲーリンガー中将)がフランス軍を白兵戦で撃退し、その後、ラ・タルジェトを突破していたフランス軍をさらに北まで縦射突撃した。 >Crown Prince Rupprecht applied ~ trenches known as the Labyrnthe. ⇒ルプレヒト皇太子がOHL(ドイツ軍最高司令部)予備軍の2個師団を求めるためファルケンハインに申し出たので、第115師団(フォンクライスト少将)が第5ババリア予備軍師団の後ろに移された。第58師団(フォン・ゲルスドルフ中将)は第6方面軍予備役に入り、砲兵隊もOHL予備隊から解放されて前進したため、これらがレンズに接近した。突破口の南側では、フランス軍の攻撃も「迷宮」として知られる塹壕の組織網をゆっくりと貫通して押し進んでいった。 >North of Ecurie, Bavarian Reserve ~ the French on Vimy Ridge. ⇒エクリーの北では、ババリア予備歩兵連隊12がより北の地面を占拠し、フランス軍が突破口を広げるのを阻止し、ヌヴィーユ・サン・ヴァーストでは、ババリア予備歩兵連隊10の大隊による反撃で、村の東端と以前に失われた野戦砲の多くが奪回された。北のヌヴィーユとラ・フォリーの間で即席の防御戦線が造られ、フランス軍をさらに北の側面砲撃で交戦するために使用された。予備軍からは、ババリア歩兵連隊7がヴィミー・リッジでフランス軍に反撃するために駆けつけた。

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  • 英文を日本語にしてください。

    Most of Ablain had been captured but French attempts to advance further, had been repulsed in mutually costly fighting and a lull occurred, except for a small French attack at Neuville during the day. Rupprecht rated the 29th Division as worn out, the condition of the 28th Division as not much better and the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division as exhausted. The 1st Bavarian Reserve Division, 58th and 115th divisions were severely damaged and c. 20,000 casualties had been incurred from 9–13 May. Rupprecht requested more reinforcements to replace all of the worn-out divisions and Falkenhayn began to strip more units from the Western Front. Falkenhayn also appointed General Ewald von Lochow, the III Corps commander to control the units being sent to the 6th Army. The 117th Division began to relieve the 28th Division on the night of 13/14 May and the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division remnants were relieved during the day. General Julius Riemann the VIII Corps commander, took over the 16th, 58th, 115th and part of the 15th divisions from Souchez to Neuville. The reinforcement of the 6th Army had drained the OHL reserve and further claims by Rupprecht were refused, which led him to complain to the Kaiser. North of the Lorette Spur and in the area of the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division, most of the old front line was intact. North of the Carency stream, XIV Corps held parts of the front line in Schlammulde, along Barrikadenweg (Barricade Way) and the east end of Ablain. South of the stream, the line was held by a mixture of the 58th and 115th divisions, the remnants of the 5th Bavarian Reserve Division and a regiment of the 52nd Reserve Infantry Brigade. In reserve, the 16th Division (Lieutenant-General Fuchs) was ready to move into line from Souchez to Hill 123 on a 1.2 mi (2 km) front, the 15th Division and the new 1st Trench Mortar Battalion had arrived in the 6th Army area. Lochow took over from 14 May to 12 June and continued to reorganise mingled units and withdraw tired troops into reserve. Artillery command in each area was centralised for barrage fire, counter-battery bombardments and flanking fire into other areas. The 5th Bavarian Reserve and 58th divisions were relieved by the 16th Division and three corps sectors established, XIV Corps on the right with the 117th Division and 85th Reserve Brigade, VIII Corps with the 115th and 58th divisions from the Carency stream to the Arras–Lens road and the 1st Bavarian Reserve Corps, with the 1st Bavarian Reserve Division and 52nd Infantry Brigade, from the road to the Scarpe river. Lochow planned a counter-attack by XIV Corps to regain the commanding ground of the Lorette Spur, from 15 to 17 May and succeeded only in exhausting the 117th Division, which had to be withdrawn.

  • 下の英文を翻訳してください。

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  • 和訳をお願いします。

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  • 英文を和文にしてください。

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  • 英文翻訳をお願いします。

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  • 英文を訳して下さい。

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