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On 1 March 1916 hostilities began between the Sudanese government and the Sultan of Darfur. The Anglo-Egyptian Darfur Expedition was conducted, to forestall an imagined invasion of Sudan and Egypt by the Darfurian leader, Sultan Ali Dinar, which was believed to have been synchronised with a Sanussi advance into Egypt from the west.The Sirdar (commander) of the Egyptian Army, organised a force of c. 2,000 men at Rahad, a railhead 200 miles (320 km) east of the Darfur frontier. On 16 March, the force crossed the frontier mounted in lorries from a forward base established at Nahud, 90 miles (140 km) from the border, with the support of four aircraft. By May the force was close to the Darfur capital of El Fasher. At the Affair of Beringia on 22 May, the Fur Army was defeated and the Anglo-Egyptian force captured the capital the next day. Dinar and 2,000 followers had left before their arrival and as they moved south, were bombed from the air. French troops in Chad who had returned from the Kamerun Campaign, prevented a Darfurian withdrawal westwards. Dinar withdrew into the Marra mountains 50 miles (80 km) south of El Fasher and sent envoys to discuss terms but the British believed he was prevaricating and ended the talks on 1 August. Internal dissension reduced the force with Dinar to c. 1,000 men and Anglo-Egyptian outposts were pushed out from El Fasher to the west and south-west, after the August rains. A skirmish took place at Dibbis on 13 October and Dinar opened negotiations but was again suspected of bad faith. Dinar fled south-west to Gyuba and a small force was sent in pursuit. At dawn on 6 November the Anglo-Egyptians attacked in the Affair of Gyuba and Dinar's remaining followers scattered. The body of the Sultan was found 1 mile (1.6 km) from the camp. After the expedition, Darfur was incorporated into Sudan.

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以下のとおりお答えします。スーダンの一スルタン(君主)であるダルフールの軍隊と、英国-エジプト軍の衝突を述べています。 >On 1 March 1916 hostilities began between the Sudanese government and the Sultan of Darfur. The Anglo-Egyptian* Darfur Expedition was conducted, to forestall an imagined invasion of Sudan and Egypt by the Darfurian leader, Sultan Ali Dinar, which was believed to have been synchronised with a Sanussi advance into Egypt from the west.The Sirdar (commander) of the Egyptian Army, organised a force of c. 2,000 men at Rahad, a railhead 200 miles (320 km) east of the Darfur frontier. ⇒1916年3月1日、スーダン政府とダルフールのスルタン(イスラム教国君主)の間で武力衝突が始まった。英国-エジプト*軍のダルフール遠征隊は、ダルフールの指導者スルタン・アリ・ディナールによってスーダンおよびエジプトへの侵略があるものと想定して先手を打った。西からエジプトに進軍するサヌッシ軍と歩調を合わせるに違いないと見込んだのである。エジプト方面軍のシルダー(軍司令官)は、ダルフール前線から200マイル(320km)東のラハッドに約2,000人の軍隊と兵站駅1舎を組織した。 * Anglo-Egyptian:例えば、Anglo-Indian「英印(軍)」のような伝でいけば、「英埃(軍)」とすべきところかも知れません。しかし、この表記はほとんどなじみがありませんので、ちょっと長くなりますが「英国-エジプト(軍)」と記します。 >On 16 March, the force crossed the frontier mounted in lorries from a forward base established at Nahud, 90 miles (140 km) from the border, with the support of four aircraft. By May the force was close to the Darfur capital of El Fasher. At the Affair of Beringia on 22 May, the Fur* Army was defeated and the Anglo-Egyptian force captured the capital the next day. Dinar and 2,000 followers had left before their arrival and as they moved south, were bombed from the air. ⇒3月16日、この軍隊が国境から90マイル(140km)のナフドに設立されている前線基地から、4機の航空機の援護を受けながらトラックで国境を越えた。軍隊は、5月までにはエル・ファシェルのダルフール首都に接近していた。5月22日の「ベリンジャ事件」ではフル*軍が破れ、英国-エジプト軍は翌日首都を攻略した。(指導者の)ディナールと2,000人の追従者が、軍の到着前に(首都を)離れたが、南へ向かったところを空爆された。 * Fur:「フル族」(スーダン南西部の山岳・砂漠地帯に住む種族)。 >French troops in Chad who had returned from the Kamerun Campaign, prevented a Darfurian withdrawal westwards. Dinar withdrew into the Marra mountains 50 miles (80 km) south of El Fasher and sent envoys to discuss terms but the British believed he was prevaricating and ended the talks on 1 August. Internal dissension reduced the force with Dinar to c. 1,000 men and Anglo-Egyptian outposts were pushed out from El Fasher to the west and south-west, after the August rains. ⇒「カメルーン会戦」から戻ったチャドのフランス軍が、西方へ撤退するダルフールを阻止した。ディナールは、エル・ファシェルの50マイル(80km)南にあるマラ山脈に退去し、(停戦の)条件を議論するために特使を送ったが、英国軍は、彼が偽装工作していると信じたので、8月1日に会談を打ち切った。ディナール軍は内部衝突により約1,000人にまで軍勢が縮小したので、8月の降雨の後、英国-エジプト軍の前哨基地は、エル・ファシェルから西方面および南西方面へと伸張した。 >A skirmish took place at Dibbis on 13 October and Dinar opened negotiations but was again suspected of bad faith. Dinar fled south-west to Gyuba and a small force was sent in pursuit. At dawn on 6 November the Anglo-Egyptians attacked in the Affair of Gyuba and Dinar's remaining followers scattered. The body of the Sultan was found 1 mile (1.6 km) from the camp. After the expedition, Darfur was incorporated into Sudan. ⇒10月13日、ヂビスで小競合いが起こったので、ディナールは交渉を再開したが、また悪意を疑われていた。(結局)ディナールは南西のギュバへ逃亡したので、小軍隊が追跡のために派遣された。11月6日の夜明けに、英国-エジプト軍が攻撃「ギュバ事件」を仕かけたので、ディナールの残留追従兵らは霧散した。スルタンの本体は、野営地から1マイル(1.6km)の地点に発見された。遠征の後、ダルフールはスーダンに組み入れられた。

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    On 1 March 1916 hostilities began between the Sudanese government and the Sultan of Darfur. The Anglo-Egyptian Darfur Expedition was conducted, to forestall an imagined invasion of Sudan and Egypt, by the Darfurian leader Sultan Ali Dinar, which was believed to have been synchronised with a Senussi advance into Egypt from the west. The Sirdar (commander) of the Egyptian Army, organised a force of c. 2,000 men at Rahad, a railhead 200 miles (320 km) east of the Darfur frontier. On 16 March, the force crossed the frontier in lorries, from a forward base established at Nahud, 90 miles (140 km) from the border, with the support of four aircraft. By May, the force was close to the Darfur capital of El Fasher. At the Affair of Beringia on 22 May, the Fur Army was defeated and the Anglo-Egyptian force captured the capital the next day. Dinar and 2,000 followers had left and as they moved south, were bombed from the air.

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    French troops in Chad who had returned from the Kamerun Campaign, prevented a Darfurian withdrawal westwards. Dinar withdrew into the Marra mountains 50 miles (80 km) south of El Fasher and sent envoys to discuss terms but the British believed he prevaricating and ended the talks on 1 August. Internal dissension reduced the force with Dinar to c. 1,000 men and Anglo-Egyptian outposts were pushed out from El Fasher, to the west and south-west after the August rains. A skirmish took place at Dibbis on 13 October and Dinar opened negotiations but was again suspected of bad faith. Dinar fled south-west to Gyuba and a small force was sent in pursuit. At dawn on 6 November, the Anglo-Egyptians attacked in the Affair of Gyuba and Dinar's remaining followers scattered and the body of the Sultan was found 1-mile (1.6 km) from the camp. After the expedition, Darfur was incorporated into Sudan.

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