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英語の問題です。

訳や解説などございましたら、付けてくださると助かります。 お願いします。 【A】 1 She proposed that the plan () put into action.   アbe イis ウwas エwould be 2 He regrets ()harder in his youth.   アhaving not studied イnot ta have studied ウnot to study エnot having studied 3 Whatever he says, the fact () it is difficult to make a living nowadays.   アremaining イremains that ウthat remaining エthat remains 4 Mr.Smith, a prosperous businessman, does not know () to be poor.   アhou it is like イwhich is it like ウwhat it is like エlike what it is 5 That´s nonsense. ()but a fool would believe it.   アAll イAnyone ウEveryone エNobody 6 Susie and her sister are so () that they could almost be twins. 【B】 1 Robbers entered the house by force last night.   Robbers broke () the house last night. 2 It was easy for me to find the library.   I had () difficulty in () the library. 3 His composition is far from satisfactory.   His composition () much to be desired. 4 How many people are there in Japan?   () is the population of Japan? 【C】 1 The death penalty was (done away with) in the country in 1993. 2 The police finally began to (look into) the manner. 3 John really (takes after) his father, especially the way he walks. 4 I recommend that you (set about) your business without delay. 5 The outdoor concert will be (put off) because of the approaching typhoon. アabolish イstart ウrespect エpostpone オresemble カinvestigate  【D】 A      B      C     D 1actor   actress  hero   () 2see    sight    prove  () 3swim   swimming die    () 4anxiety  anxious  energy  () 5majority minority  comedy  () 【E】誤りの選択問題です。 1 (Do you mind) (to come) (to) a party on Saturday (at) the International House? 2 Was (it) last Sunday (that) we (went fishing) (to the river)? 3 He will (become) to (see) the problem (in) a new (light). 4 (Other) things (are) equal, this is (far) better than (that). 5 Traveling by (the train) is (more) comfortable (than) traveling (by air). 【F】 1 (to,being,are,made,efforts,clean) our cities and rivers. 2 (have,hand,all,is,in,to,you,do) this report. 3 Although he is ten years ald, he (so,as,write,cannot,much) his own name. 4 I remember the event as (had,as,happened,if,clearly,it) only yesterday. 【G】 1 A:Mary! ()   B:I´m getting married.   アGuess what! イTake it easy! ウWhat about you! エSay when? 2 A:May I speak to Mr.Komazawa?   B:Certainly, sir. Wait a moment, please. ()   アI can´t hear you. イI can´t speak to you. ウHe holds up now. エHe is on another line. 以上です。

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【A】 1 She proposed that the plan (アbe) put into action. 彼女はその計画が実行されることを提案した。 ★propose, suggest等の後のthat節中では、「should 原形」の形が用いられ、米用法で、shouldが省略される。(仮定法現在)2 He regrets (エnot having studied)harder in his youth. 彼は若い頃もっと一生懸命勉強しなかったことを後悔している。 3 Whatever he says, the fact (イremains that) it is difficult to make a living nowadays. 彼が何と言おうとも、生計を立てることが、このごろ、困難だと言う事実は変わらない。 ★the fact that ...「~と言う事実」(同格のthat節)ここでは、一語のremainsが、文末に置くと分かりづらくなるので、the fact remains that ... の様になっている。 4 Mr.Smith, a prosperous businessman, does not know (ウwhat it is like) to be poor. 裕福な実業家のスミス氏は、貧乏の味を知らない。 ★what it is like to 原形...「~がどのようであるか」itはto以下を指す仮主語。 5 That's nonsense. (エNobody)but a fool would believe it. それは馬鹿げている。馬鹿以外誰もそれを信じないだろう。 ★but(前置詞)「~以外の」(否定語と用いることが多い) 6 Susie and her sister are so (alike) that they could almost be twins. スージーと彼女の姉(妹)はとても似ているので、彼らは双子だと言ってもよいほどだ。 【B】 1 Robbers entered the house by force last night.   Robbers broke (into) the house last night. 強盗が、昨夜その家に押し入った。 2 It was easy for me to find the library.   I had (no) difficulty in (finding) the library. 私は、その図書館を難なく見つけた。 http://eow.alc.co.jp/have+no+difficulty+in/UTF-8/ 3 His composition is far from satisfactory. http://eow.alc.co.jp/far+from/UTF-8/   His composition (leaves) much to be desired. 彼の作文は決して満足のゆくものではない。 http://eow.alc.co.jp/leave+much+to+be+desired/UTF-8/ 4 How many people are there in Japan?   (What) is the population of Japan? population【名詞】1.の例文参照。 http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/population 【C】 1 The death penalty was (done away with) in the country in 1993. アabolish: abolished 死刑は1993年にその国では廃止された。 2 The police finally began to (look into) the manner:matter. カinvestigate: investigate  警察がついにその件を調査し始めた。 3 John really (takes after) his father, especially the way he walks. オresemble: resembles ジョンは本当にお父さん似だ、特に歩き方などは(そっくりだ)。 4 I recommend that you (set about) your business without delay. イstart: start 私は、あなたが遅滞なく事業を始めることをお勧めします。 5 The outdoor concert will be (put off) because of the approaching typhoon. エpostpone: postponed 野外コンサートは、接近する台風のせいで延期されるだろう。 【D】 A      B      C     D 1actor   actress  hero   (heroine) 2see    sight    prove  (proof) 3swim   swimming die    (dying) 4anxiety  anxious  energy  (energetic) 5majority minority  comedy  (tragedy) 【E】誤りの選択問題です。 1 (Do you mind) (to come: coming) (to) a party on Saturday (at) the International House? 国際(文化)会館での土曜日のパーティに来られますか? ★mindは動名詞を目的語に取る。 2 Was (it) last Sunday (that) we (went fishing) (to the river: in the river)? 私たちがその川で釣りをしに行ったのは、先週の日曜日でしたか? ★go to the riverではなくfish in the riverの結びつき。 文全体は、it ... that の強調構文。 3 He will (become: come) to (see) the problem (in) a new (light). 彼はその問題を別の観点から見るようになるだろう。 ★come [get] to 原形「~するようになる」 in a new light「新しい光を当てて→別の観点(視点)から」 4 (Other) things (are: being) equal, this is (far) better than (that). 他のことが同じであれば、これはあれよりずっと良い。 ★独立分詞構文:本文=If other things are equal, this ... 5 Traveling by (the train: train) is (more) comfortable (than) traveling (by air). 列車の旅は飛行機の旅より快適です。 ★be 乗り物(無冠詞) 【F】 1 (to,being,are,made,efforts,clean) our cities and rivers. Efforts are being made to clean 私たちの街や川をきれいにする努力がなされている。 ★We are making efforts to clean our cities and rivers. の受け身形。 2 (have,hand,all,is,in,to,you,do) this report. All you have to do is hand in あなたはこのレポートを提出しさえすればよい。 ★All you have to do is [to] 原形「あなたがしなくてはいけない全ては~することだ」が直訳。 3 Although he is ten years ald:old, he (so,as,write,cannot,much) his own name. cannot so much as write 彼は10歳だが、自分の名前さえ書けない。 ★cannot so much as 原形 = cannot even 原形「~さえできない」 (応用)without so much as -ing「~さえせずに」 4 I remember the event as (had,as,happened,if,clearly,it) only yesterday. clearly as if it had happened 私はその出来事をまるでつい昨日起こった事のようにはっきりと覚えている。 【G】 1 A:Mary! (ウWhat about you!)   B:I´m getting married. A:メアリー!君どうしたの! B:結婚するの。   アGuess what! イTake it easy! ウWhat about you! エSay when? 2 A:May I speak to Mr.Komazawa?   B:Certainly, sir. Wait a moment, please. (エHe is on another line.) A:駒沢さんをお願いします。 B:承知いたしました。少々お待ち下さい。駒沢は、別の電話に今出ております。   アI can´t hear you. イI can´t

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ご回答、ありがとうございました。 【A】問題の記号問題で、曖昧な知識で選んでしまったものがあり、きちんと理由づけでおぼえておこうと思いました。解説を見てすぐに納得したものもあり、完全に忘れていたものもあり…フレーズなども押さえておきたいと思います。

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