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German pleasure with the victory in part arose from a mistaken belief that they had defeated the entirety of the BEF, not knowing that they had in fact only faced one corps and one of the cavalry brigades. It was this mistake which allowed II Corps to retire as German troops were given a night of rest instead of being sent to pursue the British forces.
A second battle of Le Cateau took place in much the same area from 5 to 11 October 1918. The Allies captured the St. Quentin-Cambrai railway, 12,000 prisoners and 250 guns, but suffered 536 casualties.

The Rearguard Affair of Le Grand Fayt was a rearguard action fought at Grand-Fayt by the British Expeditionary Force during the Great Retreat on the Western Front in 1914.
The German 2nd Army commander General Karl von Bülow had ordered a rapid pursuit after the battles of 21–24 August against the French Fifth Army and the Expeditionary Force (EF). The 1st and 2nd armies were sent to the south-west to gain the left flank of the Allied line. The X Reserve Corps encountered "especially obstinate" resistance at Marbaix and Le Grand-Fayt. On the morning of the 26 August 1914, the 2nd Connaught Rangers under Lieutenant-Colonel A. W. Abercrombie covering the retreat of the British 5th Infantry Brigade from Petit Landrecies. Unknown to Abercrombie, by late morning the retreat had already taken place but the orders had not reached the Connaught Rangers.
Hearing the sound of rifle fire coming from near-by Marbaix, Abercrombie set off with two platoons of infantry in the direction Marbaix only to come under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire. Abercrombie then ordered his force to retire on Le Grand Fayt, which locals had told him was clear of Germans, only to discover that Le Grand Fayt had been abandoned. Abercrombie and his men then came under heavy fire from Germans concealed in the village, and the order was given to retreat through the surrounding fields. Despite the German small-arms fire and the difficulty of communication in the close terrain, the retreat was carried out in an orderly fashion, although 6 officers and 280 men were still missing on 29 August, including Abercrombie. By the evening the X Reserve Corps was still near Marbaix and Avesnes. The pursuit by the 2nd Army was ordered to continue on 27 August through Landrecies and Trélon, with the X Reserve Corps advancing towards Wassigny.

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>German pleasure with the victory in part arose from a mistaken belief that they had defeated the entirety of the BEF, not knowing that they had in fact only faced one corps and one of the cavalry brigades. It was this mistake which allowed II Corps to retire as German troops were given a night of rest instead of being sent to pursue the British forces.
⇒BEFの全体を破ったという誤った確信からドイツ軍の喜びが湧き上がったが、それは部分的勝利であって、実際には1個の軍団と1個の騎兵旅団に直面しただけであったことを彼らは知らなかったのである。この間違いから、ドイツ軍は英国軍団を追跡するために派遣されるのでなく、夜の休息を与えられたので、第II軍団が撤退するのを許すこととなった。

>A second battle of Le Cateau took place in much the same area from 5 to 11 October 1918. The Allies captured the St. Quentin-Cambrai railway, 12,000 prisoners and 250 guns, but suffered 536 casualties.
 The Rearguard Affair of Le Grand Fayt was a rearguard action fought at Grand-Fayt by the British Expeditionary Force during the Great Retreat on the Western Front in 1914.
⇒1918年10月5日から11日まで、同じ地域で第2次ル・カトーの戦いが行われた。連合国軍は、サン=カンタン‐カンブレ鉄道、12,000人の囚人、250丁の銃を捕獲したが、536人の死傷者を被った。
 1914年の西部戦線での大後退中に、グラン‐フェイトで戦われた「ル・グラン・フェイトの後衛事件」は、英国遠征隊の後衛部隊による戦闘行動であった。

>The German 2nd Army commander General Karl von Bülow had ordered a rapid pursuit after the battles of 21–24 August against the French Fifth Army and the Expeditionary Force (EF). The 1st and 2nd armies were sent to the south-west to gain the left flank of the Allied line. The X Reserve Corps encountered "especially obstinate" resistance at Marbaix and Le Grand-Fayt. On the morning of the 26 August 1914, the 2nd Connaught Rangers under Lieutenant-Colonel A. W. Abercrombie covering the retreat of the British 5th Infantry Brigade from Petit Landrecies. Unknown to Abercrombie, by late morning the retreat had already taken place but the orders had not reached the Connaught Rangers.
⇒ドイツの第2方面軍司令官カール・フォン・ビューローは、8月21日‐24日のフランス第5方面軍と遠征軍(EF)との戦いの後、急遽追跡を命じた。第1、第2方面軍は南西に送られて連合国軍戦線の左側面を獲得した。第X予備軍団はマールベとル・グラン・フェイトで「特別頑固な」抵抗に遭遇した。1914年8月26日の朝、A. W.アバクロンビー中尉指揮下の第2コノート・レンジャーズ(奇襲隊)が、プチ・ランドレシーからの英国第5歩兵旅団の撤退を援護した際、すでに昼前までに後退は始まっていたが、命令がコノート・レンジャーに届いていなかったので、アバクロンビーには知られていなかった。

>Hearing the sound of rifle fire coming from near-by Marbaix, Abercrombie set off with two platoons of infantry in the direction Marbaix only to come under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire. Abercrombie then ordered his force to retire on Le Grand Fayt, which locals had told him was clear of Germans, only to discover that Le Grand Fayt had been abandoned. Abercrombie and his men then came under heavy fire from Germans concealed in the village, and the order was given to retreat through the surrounding fields.
⇒近くのマールベから来るライフルの発射音を聞いて、アバクロンビーは歩兵2個小隊を連れてマールベの方向へ進んだが、重砲と機関銃の砲火元に近づいただけであった。それからアバクロンビーは、ル・グラン・フェイトが放棄されていることを発見し、ドイツ軍が引き揚げたことを地元民に聞いて、ル・グラン・フェイトから退却するよう軍団に命じた。それからアバクロンビーと彼の部下は、村に隠れたドイツ軍からの激しい砲火の下に出てしまったので、周囲の野原を通って退却するようにという命令が下された。

>Despite the German small-arms fire and the difficulty of communication in the close terrain, the retreat was carried out in an orderly fashion, although 6 officers and 280 men were still missing on 29 August, including Abercrombie. By the evening the X Reserve Corps was still near Marbaix and Avesnes. The pursuit by the 2nd Army was ordered to continue on 27 August through Landrecies and Trélon, with the X Reserve Corps advancing towards Wassigny.
⇒8月29日、アバクロンビーを含む6人の将校と280人の兵士が未だ行方不明だったが、ドイツ軍の小火器攻撃と近接地間のコミュニケーションの困難さにもかかわらず、撤退は秩序だったやり方で行われた。夕方ごろ、第X予備軍団はまだマールベとアベーヌの近くにいた。第2方面軍による追跡は8月27日にランドルシーとトレロンを通って続行するよう命じられ、第X予備軍団がワシニーに向かって前進した。
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iwano_aoi

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回答ありがとうございました。
投稿日時:2019/08/04 01:22
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