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The German cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau hastened to Samoa after Admiral von Spee learned of the occupation. He arrived off Apia on 14 September 1914, three days after the departure of the last of the Allied cruisers and transports. The approach of the German ships was observed and the New Zealanders promptly manned their defences while many civilians, fearing exchanges of gunfire, made for the hills. By this stage artillery had been set up on the beach but there was no exchange of gunfire. One historian, Ian McGibbon, wrote that this was likely due to von Spee's fears of damage to German property should he open fire. Instead, von Spee steamed off and landed a small party further down the coast and learned from a German resident there the apparent strength of the occupation. Patrols dispatched to the area later interned the German resident. According to the historian J. A. C. Gray, von Spee considered a landing by the forces under his control would only be of temporary advantage in an Allied-dominated sea and so the German ships then made for Tahiti, a French possession. Here, not having to be concerned with the welfare of the local population and their property, von Spee would direct the bombardment of Papeete. He then rejoined the rest of his fleet and headed for South America. The SEF remained in Samoa until March 1915, at which time it began returning to New Zealand. A small relief force arrived in Apia on 3 April 1915 and the troopship that brought them to Samoa transported the last of the SEF back to New Zealand. Logan remained and would continue to administer the country on behalf of the New Zealand Government until 1919. His term was controversial for he significantly mishandled the arrival of the influenza pandemic in November 1918, resulting in over 7,500 deaths. From 1920 until Samoan independence in 1962, New Zealand governed the islands as the Western Samoa Trust Territory, firstly as a League of Nations Class C Mandate, and then from 1945 as a United Nations Trust Territory.

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>The German cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau hastened to Samoa after Admiral von Spee learned of the occupation. He arrived off Apia on 14 September 1914, three days after the departure of the last of the Allied cruisers and transports. The approach of the German ships was observed and the New Zealanders promptly manned their defences while many civilians, fearing exchanges of gunfire, made for the hills. By this stage artillery had been set up on the beach but there was no exchange of gunfire. One historian, Ian McGibbon, wrote that this was likely due to von Spee's fears of damage to German property should he open fire. ⇒フォン・シュペー提督がサモア占領について知った後、ドイツ軍の巡洋艦シャーンホルスト号とグナイセナウ号が(そちらへ)急行した。彼は、連合国軍の巡洋艦と輸送船の最終便が出発した3日後の1914年9月14日にアピア沖に到着した。ドイツ軍の艦艇の接近が観察されたので、砲撃の応酬を恐れる多くの民間人が丘へ向かって退避する間、ニュージーランド軍は迅速に守備隊を配置した。砲兵隊は、この段階までは浜辺に設置されていたが、銃撃戦のやり取りはなかった。歴史家の一人イアン・マクギボンは、もしフォン・シュペーが発砲した場合ドイツの財産に損害を与えるかも知れないことを彼が恐れた(ので発砲を控えた)ことによるものだ、と書いている。 >Instead, von Spee steamed off and landed a small party further down the coast and learned from a German resident there the apparent strength of the occupation. Patrols dispatched to the area later interned the German resident. According to the historian J. A. C. Gray, von Spee considered a landing by the forces under his control would only be of temporary advantage in an Allied-dominated sea and so the German ships then made for Tahiti, a French possession. Here, not having to be concerned with the welfare of the local population and their property, von Spee would direct the bombardment of Papeete. ⇒その(銃撃しない)代わりに、フォン・シュペーは蒸気(機関)を落として、海岸のさらに南方に一行を上陸させ、そこでドイツ人居住者から占住者の明らかな勢力図を知った。その地域に派遣された巡回隊は、後にドイツ人居住者を収容した。歴史家のJ. A. C.グレーによると、フォン・シュペーは、彼の支配下にある軍隊の上陸は、連合軍が支配する海での一時的な利点にすぎないと考え、ドイツ軍船舶はその後フランスの所領であるタヒチに向かって発った。ここでは、地元住民とその財産の福祉を心配する必要はなく、フォン・シュペーはパペーテ(タヒチ島北西部の港市)への砲撃を非とするつもりはなかった。 >He then rejoined the rest of his fleet and headed for South America. The SEF remained in Samoa until March 1915, at which time it began returning to New Zealand. A small relief force arrived in Apia on 3 April 1915 and the troopship that brought them to Samoa transported the last of the SEF back to New Zealand. Logan remained and would continue to administer the country on behalf of the New Zealand Government until 1919. His term was controversial for he significantly mishandled the arrival of the influenza pandemic in November 1918, resulting in over 7,500 deaths. ⇒それから彼は再び艦隊の残りと合流して南アメリカに向かった。SEFは1915年3月までサモアに留まり、その時点からニュージーランドに戻り始めた。1915年4月3日に小さな救援隊がアピアに到着し、彼らをサモアに運んだ輸送船が最後のSEFをニュージーランドに移送(送還)した。ローガンは、1919年までニュージーランド政府に代わって島国を管理し続けた。1918年11月にインフルエンザ流行の到来への対処を大きく誤り、その結果7,500人以上が死亡したため、彼の任期(行政的処置?)は物議をかもした。 >From 1920 until Samoan independence in 1962, New Zealand governed the islands as the Western Samoa Trust Territory, firstly as a League of Nations Class C Mandate, and then from 1945 as a United Nations Trust Territory. ⇒ニュージーランドは、この島を1920年から1962年のサモア独立まで西サモア信託統治領として統治し、また1945年からは国連信託統治領として統治した。

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