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Still in German hands, it had been largely destroyed in early 1917 following their withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line. Extensive booby traps had also been left and these troubled the Australians that moved into the town afterwards. It was subsequently recaptured by the Germans during the Spring Offensive. The land surrounding Bapaume was relatively flat and thus was conducive to the use of tanks. Byng allocated the Third Army's IV Corps to the forthcoming operation, which was to become known as the Second Battle of Bapaume. IV Corps, commanded by Lieutenant General George Harper comprised five divisions, all of which would be employed during the battle. The first three to be involved were the New Zealand Division along with the 37th and 42nd Divisions. The other two divisions, the 5th and the 63rd Divisions, were held in reserve before being deployed later in the battle. Of all these divisions, only the New Zealand Division was at full strength. Facing the Third Army was the German 17th Army, commanded by General der Infanterie (General of the Infantry) Otto von Below, made up of eight divisions which, apart from the 4th Bavarian Infantry Division, were all second class formations. A further two divisions were in reserve. The battle was planned to have two phases. The first, what is now known as the Battle of Albert, was to be an attack across a 15 km (9.3 mi) front from the village of Puiseux towards the Albert–Arras railway. The New Zealand Division, commanded by Major General Andrew Russell, played a limited role in this action, being limited to the New Zealand Rifle Brigade supporting the main attack which was to be carried out by the 37th Division on 21 August. The New Zealanders, along with the 42nd Division, on its right, were expected to bring the right flank in line with the left. Then the 5th and 63rd were to pass through the lines of the 37th Division and move onto and beyond the Albert-Arras railway. The New Zealand Division and 42nd were to move forward and maintain the front line, which gradually narrowed, placing the New Zealanders in a valley with the high ground on either side occupied by its flanking British divisions. The second phase, scheduled to begin on 23 August, was to capture Bapaume and then advance further east to Reincourt-les-Bapaume and Bancourt-Fremicourt and the high ground beyond.

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>Still in German hands, it had been largely destroyed in early 1917 following their withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line. Extensive booby traps had also been left and these troubled the Australians that moved into the town afterwards. It was subsequently recaptured by the Germans during the Spring Offensive. The land surrounding Bapaume was relatively flat and thus was conducive to the use of tanks. Byng allocated the Third Army's IV Corps to the forthcoming operation, which was to become known as the Second Battle of Bapaume. ⇒バポームがまだドイツ軍の手にあった1917年初頭、彼らがヒンデンブルク戦線へ撤退するに先立ってそれは大きく破壊された。大規模な偽装爆弾も残っていて、後に町へ移動するオーストラリア軍にとってそれが苦悩の種になった。そしてそれは、その後の「春攻勢」の間にドイツ軍によって奪回された。バポームを取り巻く土地は比較的平らであり、したがって戦車の運行に資するものであった。ビングは第3方面軍の第IV軍団を、来るべき作戦行動用に配置したが、これが「第二次バポームの戦い」として知られることになる。 >IV Corps, commanded by Lieutenant General George Harper comprised five divisions, all of which would be employed during the battle. The first three to be involved were the New Zealand Division along with the 37th and 42nd Divisions. The other two divisions, the 5th and the 63rd Divisions, were held in reserve before being deployed later in the battle. Of all these divisions, only the New Zealand Division was at full strength. Facing the Third Army was the German 17th Army, commanded by General der Infanterie (General of the Infantry) Otto von Below, made up of eight divisions which, apart from the 4th Bavarian Infantry Division, were all second class formations. A further two divisions were in reserve. ⇒ジョージ・ハーパー中将が指揮した第IV軍団は、5個師団で構成されるが、そのすべてがこの戦闘中に役務することになる。最初の3個師団に含まれたのは、第37、第42師団、それとニュージーランド軍師団であった。他の2個師団、つまり第5、第63師団は、戦闘の後半に展開すべく予備軍として控えていた。これらすべての師団のうち、ニュージーランド軍師団のみが総勢で出動していた。第3方面軍に対峙していたのは、歩兵隊将軍オットー・フォン・ベローが指揮するドイツ軍第17方面軍であった。第17方面軍は、第4ババリア歩兵師団を除く8個師団で構成されていた。さらに2個師団が予備軍として控えていた。 >The battle was planned to have two phases. The first, what is now known as the Battle of Albert, was to be an attack across a 15 km (9.3 mi) front from the village of Puiseux towards the Albert–Arras railway. The New Zealand Division, commanded by Major General Andrew Russell, played a limited role in this action, being limited to the New Zealand Rifle Brigade supporting the main attack which was to be carried out by the 37th Division on 21 August. ⇒戦闘では、2つの局面が予定されていた。最初は、今日「アルベールの戦い」として知られるもので、ピュイゾー村からアルベール=アラス鉄道に向かって15キロ(9.3マイル)の前線を越えて攻撃することになっていた。アンドリュー・ラッセル少将が指揮するニュージーランド師団は、ニュージーランド軍ライフル旅団が8月21日に第37師団によって行われる主な攻撃を支援することのみに限定され、この戦闘行動では限定的な役割を果たすことになっていた。 >The New Zealanders, along with the 42nd Division, on its right, were expected to bring the right flank in line with the left. Then the 5th and 63rd were to pass through the lines of the 37th Division and move onto and beyond the Albert-Arras railway. The New Zealand Division and 42nd were to move forward and maintain the front line, which gradually narrowed, placing the New Zealanders in a valley with the high ground on either side occupied by its flanking British divisions. ⇒ニュージーランド軍には、右翼の第42師団とともに、その右側面を左翼の戦線に引き寄せることが期待された。その後、第5、第63師団が、第37師団の戦線を通過し、アルベール=アラス鉄道の向こうに移動する手筈であった。ニュージーランド軍師団と第42師団は、前進して前線を維持することになっていたが、その前線は徐々に狭くなる渓谷に位置し、英国軍がその両側からニュージーランド軍を包囲するような高地を占めることになっていた。 >The second phase, scheduled to begin on 23 August, was to capture Bapaume and then advance further east to Reincourt-les-Bapaume and Bancourt-Fremicourt and the high ground beyond. ⇒8月23日に始まる予定の第2局面は、バポームを攻略し、それからさらに東へ進んでレインクール=レ=バポームとバンクール=フレミクール、およびその向こうの高地へ進むことになっていた。

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  • 日本語訳をお願い致します。

    On 29 August, during the Second Battle of Bapaume, the town of Bapaume fell into New Zealand hands. This resulted in an advance by the Australian Corps, who crossed the Somme River on 31 August and broke the German lines during the Battle of Mont St. Quentin. The Westheer (German armies on the Western Front) was pushed back to the Hindenburg Line, from which they had launched their spring offensive. The Second Battle of Bapaume was a battle of the First World War that took place at Bapaume in France, from 21 August 1918 to 3 September 1918. It was a continuation of the Battle of Albert and is also referred to as the second phase of that battle. The British and Dominion attack was part of what was later known as the Allies' Hundred Days Offensive. The Second Battle of Bapaume was carried out over a period of two weeks and involved the divisions of IV Corps; the British 5th, 37th, 42nd, and the 63rd Divisions along with the New Zealand Division. On 29 August, elements of the New Zealand Division, after heavy fighting in the days prior, occupied Bapaume as the defending Germans withdrew. It then pushed onto the Bancourt Ridge, to the east of Bapaume. On 8 August 1918, the Hundred Days' Offensive commenced on the Western Front and it would prove to be the last major campaign of the First World War. It began with the Battle of Amiens, an attack by the Canadian and Australian Corps at Amiens, which rolled the German lines back 8 km (5.0 mi). The advance petered out after four days after the Germans began to regroup and shore up their defences. The commander of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Douglas Haig, recognised that it was time to put pressure elsewhere on the German front and for this, decided to use General Julian Byng's Third Army. Haig decided that the Bapaume sector, with the town of Bapaume at its centre, was to be the new focus of operations. Bapaume Bapaume itself was a small town linked by rail to Albert and Arras. There were also four major roads running through the town; running to Albert in the south-west, to Peronne in the south-east; to Cambrai in the east and to the north lay Arras. Captured by the forces of Imperial Germany in the early stages of the war, it had been the focus of the British forces on the opening day of the Battle of Somme in 1916.

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