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On January 11, 1918, the special decree On Armenia was signed by Lenin and Stalin which armed and repatriated over 100,000 Armenians from the former Tsar's Army to be sent to the Caucasus for operations against Ottoman interests. On January 20, 1918, Talaat Pasha entered an official protest against the Bolsheviks arming Armenian army legions and replied, "the Russian leopard had not changed its spots." Bolsheviks and Armenians would take the place of Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich's Russian Caucasus Army. On March 3, 1918, the Armistice of Erzincan was followed by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk marking Russia's exit from World War I. Between March 14 - April 1918 the Trabzon peace conference was held between the Ottoman Empire and the delegation of the Transcaucasian Diet (Transcaucasian Sejm). Enver Pasha offered to surrender all Turkish ambitions in the Caucasus in return for recognition of the Ottoman reacquisition of the east Anatolian provinces at Brest-Litovsk at the end of the negotiations. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk provided some relief to Bolsheviks who were tied up in fighting the civil war. However, the oil fields of Baku were not under control of the Russians and Germany had a high demand for oil. During March 30 to April 2 in 1918, thousands of Azeris and other Muslims in the city of Baku and adjacent areas of the Baku Governorate of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic were massacred by Dashnaks with strong support from Bolshevik Soviets. The Azeris refer to this as a genocide (Azerbaijani: soyqırım). This event is known as the March Days or March Events. On April 5, the head of the Transcaucasian delegation Akaki Chkhenkeli accepted the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk as a basis for further negotiations and wired the governing bodies urging them to accept this position. The mood prevailing in Tiflis was very different. The Armenians pressured the Republic to refuse. They acknowledged the existence of a state of war between themselves and the Ottoman Empire. Hostilities resumed and Ottoman troops under Vehip Pasha overran new lands to the east, reaching pre-war the frontiers. On May 11, a new peace conference opened at Batum. At this conference the Ottomans extended their demands to include Tiflis as well as Alexandropol and Echmiadzin; they also wanted a railroad to be built to connect Kars and Julfa with Baku. The Armenian and Georgian members of the Republic’s delegation began to stall. Beginning on May 21, the Ottoman army moved ahead once again.

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>On January 11, 1918, the special decree On Armenia was signed by Lenin and Stalin which armed and repatriated over 100,000 Armenians from the former Tsar's Army to be sent to the Caucasus for operations against Ottoman interests. On January 20, 1918, Talaat Pasha entered an official protest against the Bolsheviks arming Armenian army legions and replied, "the Russian leopard had not changed its spots." Bolsheviks and Armenians would take the place of Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich's Russian Caucasus Army. ⇒1918年1月11日、アルメニアの特別法令がレーニンとスターリンによって署名され、元ツァールの方面軍から10万人以上のアルメニア人が武装のまま帰還し、オスマン帝国の利益に対抗する作戦行動のためにコーカサスに派遣された。1918年1月20日、タラート・パシャはボルシェビキのアルメニア方面軍軍団に対する公式な抗戦に入ったが、「ロシア軍のヒョウ(勇敢な兵)はその場を動こうともしなかった」と答えた。ボリシェヴィキとアルメニア軍がニコライ・ニコラエビチ・ユデニッチのロシア・コーカサス方面軍に代わる見込みとなった。 ※この段落の訳文、あまり自信ありません。誤訳の節はどうぞ悪しからず。 >On March 3, 1918, the Armistice of Erzincan was followed by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk marking Russia's exit from World War I. Between March 14 - April 1918 the Trabzon peace conference was held between the Ottoman Empire and the delegation of the Transcaucasian Diet (Transcaucasian Sejm). Enver Pasha offered to surrender all Turkish ambitions in the Caucasus in return for recognition of the Ottoman reacquisition of the east Anatolian provinces at Brest-Litovsk at the end of the negotiations. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk provided some relief to Bolsheviks who were tied up in fighting the civil war. ⇒1918年3月3日、「エルジンカンの停戦」の後、第1次世界大戦の終了を記した「ブレスト=リトフスク条約」が採択された。1918年3月14日~4月の間に、トラブゾンの和平会議がオスマン帝国とトランスコーカサス国会代表団との間で開かれた。エンヴェル・パシャは、ブレスト=リトフスク交渉の終わりにオスマン帝国による東アナトリア地方の再取得を認める代償として、コーカサスでのトルコ軍の野望をすべて放棄することを提案した。「ブレスト=リトフスク条約」は、内戦での戦いに縛られていたボルシェビキへの救援策を提供した。 >However, the oil fields of Baku were not under control of the Russians and Germany had a high demand for oil. During March 30 to April 2 in 1918, thousands of Azeris and other Muslims in the city of Baku and adjacent areas of the Baku Governorate of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic were massacred by Dashnaks* with strong support from Bolshevik Soviets. The Azeris refer to this as a genocide (Azerbaijani: soyqırım). This event is known as the March Days or March Events. ⇒しかし、バクーの油田はロシア軍の支配下になく、ドイツ軍の石油需要が高かった。1918年3月30日から4月2日にかけて、バクー都市の大勢のアゼルバイジャン人や他のイスラム教徒、およびトランスコーカサス民族連邦共和国のバクー行政区の隣接地域の人が、ソビエト・ボルシェビキから強い支持を得たダシュナク党*に虐殺された。アゼルバイジャン人は、これを大虐殺(アゼルバイジャン語:soyqırım)と述べ、この出来事を「3月の命日」または「3月の惨事」と呼んでいる。 *Dashnaks:アルメニアの民族主義・社会主義政党で、正式名「アルメニア革命連盟」、通称「ダシナク党」。1890年創設。当初から社会主義を標榜し、オスマン帝国の支配下から脱して大アルメニアを建国すべく活動していた。 >On April 5, the head of the Transcaucasian delegation Akaki Chkhenkeli accepted the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk as a basis for further negotiations and wired the governing bodies urging them to accept this position. The mood prevailing in Tiflis was very different. The Armenians pressured the Republic to refuse. They acknowledged the existence of a state of war between themselves and the Ottoman Empire. Hostilities resumed and Ottoman troops under Vehip Pasha overran new lands to the east, reaching pre-war the frontiers. ⇒4月5日、トランスコーカサス代表団のアカキ・チェンケリ代表は、さらなる交渉の基礎としてブレスト・リトフスク条約を受け入れ、政治団体に電信でこの立場を受け入れるよう促した。チフリスにおける支配的な雰囲気は非常に異なっていた。アルメニア人は、共和国に対して拒否を強いた。彼らは、自身とオスマン帝国との間に戦争状態が存在することを認めた。戦闘が再開され、ビヒップ・パシャ麾下のオスマン帝国軍は東方で新しい土地を奪い、戦前の国境に達した。 >On May 11, a new peace conference opened at Batum. At this conference the Ottomans extended their demands to include Tiflis as well as Alexandropol and Echmiadzin; they also wanted a railroad to be built to connect Kars and Julfa with Baku. The Armenian and Georgian members of the Republic’s delegation began to stall. Beginning on May 21, the Ottoman army moved ahead once again. ⇒5月11日、バツムで新しい和平会議が開かれた。この会議は、オスマン帝国はチフリス、アレクサンドロポル、エチミアジンを含むように要求を拡大した。彼らは、カルスとジュルファをバクーと結びつけるために、その間の鉄道を建設することを望んでいた。共和国代表団のアルメニア人やグルジア人の要員(の活動)は失速し始めた。オスマン帝国軍は、5月21日から再び前進した。

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