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At approximately 7 km (4.3 mi) in length, and culminating at an elevation of 145 m (476 ft) or 60 m (200 ft) above the Douai Plains, the ridge provides a natural unobstructed view for tens of kilometres in all directions. The ridge fell under German control in October 1914 during the Race to the Sea as the Franco-British and German forces continually attempted to outflank each other through northeastern France. The French Tenth Army attempted to dislodge the Germans from the region during the Second Battle of Artois in May 1915 by attacking their positions at Vimy Ridge and Notre Dame de Lorette. The French 1st Moroccan Division managed to briefly capture the height of the ridge but was unable to hold it owing to a lack of reinforcements. The French made another attempt during the Third Battle of Artois in September 1915 but only captured the town of Souchez at the western base of the ridge. The Vimy sector calmed following the offensive with both sides taking a largely live and let live approach. In all, the French suffered approximately 150,000 casualties in their attempts to gain control of Vimy Ridge and surrounding territory.

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>At approximately 7 km (4.3 mi) in length, and culminating at an elevation of 145 m (476 ft) or 60 m (200 ft) above the Douai Plains, the ridge provides a natural unobstructed view for tens of kilometres in all directions. ⇒この尾根は、ドゥエ・プレーンより約7キロ(4.3マイル)の長さ、60m(200フィート)または145m(476フィート)の高さで(そこまで行くと)、四方八方に自然な妨害のない何十キロにも及ぶ視界を提供してくれる。 >The ridge fell under German control in October 1914 during the Race to the Sea *as the Franco-British and German forces continually attempted to outflank each other through northeastern France. The French Tenth Army attempted to dislodge the Germans from the region during the Second Battle of Artois in May 1915 by attacking their positions at Vimy Ridge and Notre Dame de Lorette. ⇒フランス北東部で、仏英軍とドイツ軍とが続けざまに互いの側面を包囲しようとした「海へのレース」*の間の、1914年10月にこの尾根はドイツ軍の支配下に落ちた。フランス第10方面軍は、ヴィミー・リッジとノートル・ダム・ド・ロレットで彼らドイツ軍の陣地を攻撃することによって、1915年5月の第2回「アルトワの戦い」の間に、この地域からドイツ軍を追い払おうとした。 *Race to the Sea「海へのレース」(1914年9月17日―10月19日):仏英軍とドイツ軍がフランス北東部から北上して北海まで自軍の陣地を拡大しようとして衝突した一連の戦い。実際には、互いの北側面を包囲しよう(つまり、「頭」を押さえよう)とする争いが中心だった。結果として、ベルギー軍が北海沿岸を占領し、決定的な勝敗はつかなかった。 >The French 1st Moroccan Division managed to briefly capture the height of the ridge but was unable to hold it owing to a lack of reinforcements. The French made another attempt during the Third Battle of Artois in September 1915 but only captured the town of Souchez at the western base of the ridge. ⇒フランス軍の第1モロッコ師団は、何とか短時間で尾根の高地を攻略できたが、増援隊不足のためにそれを維持することができなかった。フランス軍は1915年9月に、第3回「アルトワの戦い」の間にもう1回それを試みたが、尾根西側の基地スーシェの町を攻略できただけであった。 >The Vimy sector calmed following the offensive with both sides taking a largely live and let live approach. In all, the French suffered approximately 150,000 casualties in their attempts to gain control of Vimy Ridge and surrounding territory. ⇒ヴィミー地区は、両者が活発なアプローチを大々的に仕かけたり仕かけられたりする攻撃の後静まった。結局、フランス軍は、ヴィミー・リッジと周囲の領域の制御を得る試みで、およそ150,000人の犠牲者を被った。

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