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German industrial and economic power had grown greatly after unification and the foundation of the Empire in 1871 following the Franco-Prussian War. From the mid-1890s on, the government of Wilhelm II used this base to devote significant economic resources for building up the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy), established by Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, in rivalry with the British Royal Navy for world naval supremacy. As a result, each nation strove to out-build the other in capital ships. With the launch of HMS Dreadnought in 1906, the British Empire expanded on its significant advantage over its German rival.   The arms race between Britain and Germany eventually extended to the rest of Europe, with all the major powers devoting their industrial base to producing the equipment and weapons necessary for a pan-European conflict. Between 1908 and 1913, the military spending of the European powers increased by 50% Photo of large white building with one signs saying "Moritz Schiller" and another in Arabic; in front is a cluster of people looking at poster on the wall.

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(前回のご質問と同じですが、一応こちらにも投稿します。) ドイツの産業力・経済力は普仏戦争(の勝利)に続く1871年の統一と帝国設立の後大いに増大した。1890年代中頃から、ウィルヘルム2世の政府はこの基盤を利用して、世界制海権を求める英国海軍との競争で、アルフレッド・フォン・ティルピッツ提督によって確立されたドイツ帝国海軍を増進するためにかなりの経済資源を投入した。その結果、各々の国が相手国より多くの主力艦を建造するよう努めた。1906年、英国海軍の大型軍艦(弩級戦艦)の進水により大英帝国は競争相手のドイツ軍に勝る重要な利点を拡大した。 結局、英独間の軍備拡大競争が残りのヨーロッパに及び、すべての主要国がその産業基盤を汎ヨーロッパの対立・抗争のために必要な装備器材と武器を生産することに投入した。1908年~1913年に、ヨーロッパ列強の軍事支出は50%増加した。大きな白い建物の写真。掲示板(看板)が付いていて、その1つには「モーリッツ・シラー」と書かれ、もう1つはアラビア語が書かれている。正面は、壁のポスターに見入っている人々の集団。

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