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The number of Zurückgestellte increased from 1.2 million men, of whom 740,000 were deemed kriegsverwendungsfähig (kv, fit for front line service), at the end of 1916 to 1.64 million men in October 1917 and more than two million by November, 1.16 million being kv. The demands of the Hindenburg Programme exacerbated the manpower crisis and constraints on the availability of raw materials meant that targets were not met. The German army returned 125,000 skilled workers to the war economy and exempted 800,000 workers from conscription, from September 1916 – July 1917. Steel production in February 1917 was 252,000 long tons (256,000 t) short of expectations and explosives production was 1,100 long tons (1,100 t) below the target, which added to the pressure on Ludendorff to retreat to the Hindenburg Line.

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>The number of Zurückgestellte increased from 1.2 million men, of whom 740,000 were deemed kriegsverwendungsfähig (kv, fit for front line service), at the end of 1916 to 1.64 million men in October 1917 and more than two million by November, 1.16 million being kv. The demands of the Hindenburg Programme exacerbated the manpower crisis and constraints on the availability of raw materials meant that targets were not met. ⇒召還熟練者の数は1916年末で120万人、そのうちの740,000人は前線軍務適合者(kv〔kriegsverwendungsfähig〕)であったが、それからさらに1917年10月で164万人に、11月までには200万以上に増加し、そのうちの116万人が前線軍務適合者であった。ヒンデンブルク計画の要求が人的資源の危機を悪化させて、原料の入手可能性が制約を受けて、目標に見合わないことを表していた。 >The German army returned 125,000 skilled workers to the war economy and exempted 800,000 workers from conscription, from September 1916 – July 1917. Steel production in February 1917 was 252,000 long tons (256,000 t) short of expectations and explosives production was 1,100 long tons (1,100 t) below the target, which added to the pressure on Ludendorff to retreat to the Hindenburg Line. ⇒1916年9月―1917年7月の間、ドイツ方面軍は戦争経済に125,000人の熟練労働者を戻して、800,000人の労働者を徴兵から免除した。1917年2月の鋼生産は、予想より252,000英トン(256,000トン)不足し、爆薬生産は目標より1,100英トン(1,100トン)下であった。そして、それがルーデンドルフへの圧力となって、彼はヒンデンブルク戦線への退却を迫られた。

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