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In August 1916 the German armies on the Somme had been subjected to great strain; the IX Reserve Corps had been "shattered" in the defence of Pozières. Ten fresh divisions had been brought into the Somme front and an extra division had been put into the line opposite the British. Movement behind the German front was made difficult by constant Anglo-French harassing-fire by artillery, which added to equipment shortages by delaying deliveries by rail and interrupting road maintenance. Destruction, capture, damage, wear and defective ammunition had caused 1,068 of 1,208 field guns and 371 of 820 heavy guns to be out of action by the end of August.

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>In August 1916 the German armies on the Somme had been subjected to great strain; the IX Reserve Corps had been "shattered" in the defence of Pozières. Ten fresh divisions had been brought into the Somme front and an extra division had been put into the line opposite the British. ⇒1916年8月、ソンムのドイツ軍はたいへんな緊張に晒された。第IX予備軍団がポジェールの防御戦線で「粉砕された」のである。新しい10個師団がソンム前線にもたらされ、さらに余分の師団が英国軍に対峙する戦線に投入された。 >Movement behind the German front was made difficult by constant Anglo-French harassing-fire by artillery, which added to equipment shortages by delaying deliveries by rail and interrupting road maintenance. Destruction, capture, damage, wear and defective ammunition had caused 1,068 of 1,208 field guns and 371 of 820 heavy guns to be out of action by the end of August. ⇒打ち続く英仏軍の厄介な砲火によって、ドイツ軍前線背後での移動が困難になり、鉄道による配送の遅延や道路の維持管理の中断によって器材不足が目立ってきた。破壊、捕獲、損害、磨耗劣化、不完全な弾薬などにより、1,208門の野戦砲のうちの1,068門と、820門の重砲のうちの371門が8月末までに活動休止状態となった。

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