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The U-boat Campaign from 1914 to 1918 was the World War I naval campaign fought by German U-boats against the trade routes of the Allies. It took place largely in the seas around the British Isles and in the Mediterranean. The German Empire relied on imports for food and domestic food production (especially fertilizer) and the United Kingdom relied heavily on imports to feed its population, and both required raw materials to supply their war industry; the powers aimed, therefore, to blockade one another. The British had the Royal Navy which was superior in numbers and could operate on most of the world's oceans because of the British Empire, whereas the Imperial German Navy surface fleet was mainly restricted to the German Bight, and used commerce raiders and unrestricted submarine warfare to operate elsewhere.

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1914年から18年にかけてのUボート作戦は、第一次大戦におけるドイツ軍Uボートによる連合国側通商路への攻撃を行った海軍作戦であった。主に英国諸島周辺と地中海で実施された。ドイツ帝国は食品や食糧生産(特に肥料)を輸入に依存していたが英国は国内供給をもっと輸入に依存していた。両国とも、軍需物資に必要な原料を必要としていた。 軍事上の目的は互いにそれら(輸入)を阻止することにあった。 英国は、大英帝国海軍力が数において優っており、世界中のほとんどの海域で作戦可能であったが、ドイツ帝国海軍の水上艦隊はドイツ沿岸部に限定し、通商破壊と無制限の潜水艦戦をいたるところで実施した。

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