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Belgian military planning was based on an assumption, that other powers would eject an invader but the likelihood of a German invasion did not lead to France and Britain being seen as allies or for the Belgian government intending to do more than protect its independence. The Anglo-French Entente (1904) had led the Belgians to perceive that the British attitude to Belgium had changed and that it was seen as a British protectorate. A General Staff was formed in 1910 but the Chef d'État-Major Général de l'Armée, Lieutenant-Général Harry Jungbluth was retired on 30 June 1912 and not replaced until May 1914 by Lieutenant-General Chevalier de Selliers de Moranville who began planning for the concentration of the army and met railway officials on 29 July. Belgian troops were to be massed in central Belgium, in front of the National redoubt of Belgium ready to face any border, while the Fortified Position of Liège and Fortified Position of Namur were left to secure the frontiers.

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以下のとおりお答えします。いつもいいかげんな訳をして恐縮です! 少しはよくなったと思います。 >Belgian military planning was based on an assumption, that other powers would eject an invader but the likelihood of a German invasion did not lead to France and Britain being seen as allies or for the Belgian government intending to do more than protect its independence. The Anglo-French Entente (1904) had led the Belgians to perceive that the British attitude to Belgium had changed and that it was seen as a British protectorate. ⇒ベルギーの軍事計画は、他国の権力が侵略者を追放してくれるだろうという仮定に基づいていた。しかし、ドイツからの侵入の可能性があっても、フランスや英国が(ベルギーの)同盟国として見られていることにはつながらないし、(両国が)ベルギー政府のためにその独立を保護する以上の企てをすることにもつながらない。英仏協商(1904年)によって、ベルギーに対する英国の態度が変わり、ベルギーは英国の保護領とみなされている、ということをベルギー人が認識するに至ったのである。 >A General Staff was formed in 1910 but the Chef d'État-Major Général de l'Armée, Lieutenant-Général Harry Jungbluth was retired on 30 June 1912 and not replaced until May 1914 by Lieutenant-General Chevalier de Selliers de Moranville who began planning for the concentration of the army and met railway officials on 29 July. Belgian troops were to be massed in central Belgium, in front of the National redoubt of Belgium ready to face any border, while the Fortified Position of Liège and Fortified Position of Namur were left to secure the frontiers. ⇒1910年に(ベルギー軍の)参謀本部が形成されたけれども、国軍総司令官ハリー・ユングブルート中将が1912年6月30日に辞任して、1914年5月にシュヴァリエ・ド・セリエ・ド・モランヴィユ中将に交代するまで空席だった。モランヴィユは、軍隊集結の計画を立て始めて、7月29日にベルギー鉄道の役職官吏と会見した。ベルギーの軍隊を中央ベルギーの国家要塞に集結させてどの国境にも備えるものとする一方で、リエージュとナミュールの各強化陣地は国境守備のためにそのまま残すものとした。

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    Belgian military planning was based on an assumption, that other powers would eject an invader but the likelihood of a German invasion did not lead to France and Britain being seen as allies or for the Belgian government intending to do more than protect its independence. The Anglo-French Entente (1904) had led the Belgians to perceive that the British attitude to Belgium had changed and that the British would fight to protect Belgian independence. A General Staff was formed in 1910 but the Chef d'État-Major Général de l'Armée, Lieutenant-Général Harry Jungbluth was retired on 30 June 1912 and not replaced until May 1914 by Lieutenant-General Chevalier de Selliers de Moranville who began planning for the concentration of the army and met railway officials on 29 July. Belgian troops were to be massed in central Belgium, in front of the National redoubt of Belgium ready to face any border, while the Fortified Position of Liège and Fortified Position of Namur were left to secure the frontiers. On mobilization, the King became Commander-in-Chief and chose where the army was to concentrate. Amid the disruption of the new rearmament plan the disorganised and poorly trained Belgian soldiers would benefit from a central position to delay contact with an invader but it would also need fortifications for defence, which were on the frontier. A school of thought wanted a return to a frontier deployment in line with French theories of the offensive. Belgian plans became a compromise in which the field army concentrated behind the Gete river with two divisions forward at Liège and Namur.

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