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On 3 August the Belgian government refused a German ultimatum and the British government guaranteed military support to Belgium should Germany invade. Germany declared war on France, the British government ordered general mobilisation and Italy declared neutrality. On 4 August, the British government sent an ultimatum to Germany and declared war on Germany at midnight on 4/5 August, Central European time. Belgium severed diplomatic relations with Germany and Germany declared war on Belgium. German troops crossed the Belgian frontier and attacked Liège. A week after the German invasion, German cavalry had been operating towards Hasselt and Diest, which threatened the left flank of the army on the Gete. Belgian General Headquarters chose Halen as a place to delay the advance and make time to complete an orderly retreat to the west. The Belgian Cavalry Division was sent from Sint-Truiden to Budingen and Halen, to extend the Belgian left flank.

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8月3日、ベルギー政府はドイツの最終提案を拒否すると、英国政府はドイツの侵攻に対してベルギーを軍事支援することを表明した。ドイツはフランスに宣戦布告し、英国政府は総動員を発令し、イタリアは中立を宣言した。 8月4日、英国政府はドイツに最後通牒を送り、ヨーロッパ中央時間8月4日深夜から5日かけてドイツに宣戦を布告した。ベルギーがドイツとの外交を断絶するとドイツはベルギーに宣戦を布告した。 ドイツ軍部隊はベルギー国境を越えてリエージュを攻撃した。ドイツ軍の侵攻から一週間後、ドイツ軍騎兵部隊がハッセルトとディーストに向かって作戦を進めていた。それは、ゲーテにいる軍の側面にとって脅威となった。ベルギーの総司令部は侵攻を遅らせる場所としてハーレンを設定し、西部へ秩序だって撤退するための時間を稼ぐこととした。 ベルギー騎兵師団が、シント・トロイデンからビューディンゲンやハーレンにかけて送られ、ベルギー左側面に展開した。

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