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In June 1916 Sharif Hussain, the Hashemite ruler of Mecca revolted against the Ottoman Empire which, under the rule of the Young Turks, had by that time begun movement towards ethnic nationalism and was marginalizing the office of the Caliph. Hussain wanted to move north and create an Arab state from Yemen to Damascus and establish a Hashemite Caliphate. Medina was, at the time, deemed important in that regard and was connected to the Ottoman Empire through a railway line. Hussain's forces besieged Medina, beginning in 1916 and lasting till January 1919.

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>In June 1916 Sharif Hussain, the Hashemite ruler of Mecca revolted against the Ottoman Empire which, under the rule of the Young Turks, had by that time begun movement towards ethnic nationalism and was marginalizing the office of the Caliph. ⇒1916年6月にメッカのハシミテ王朝統治者シャリフ・フセインは、青年トルコ党員の原則の下でその頃までに民族的国家主義に向かう動向を開始してカリフの事務局を取り残していたオスマン帝国に対して反乱を起こした。 >Hussain wanted to move north and create an Arab state from Yemen to Damascus and establish a Hashemite Caliphate. Medina was, at the time, deemed important in that regard and was connected to the Ottoman Empire through a railway line. Hussain's forces besieged Medina, beginning in 1916 and lasting till January 1919. ⇒フセインは、北へ移動して、イエメンからダマスカスまでまたがるアラブ国家をつくり、ハシミテ王朝管区を設立したいと望んだ。当時メディナは、その点で重要であると考えられ、鉄道線路経由でオスマン帝国に接続された。フセインの軍隊はメディナを包囲したが、それは1916年に始まって、1919年1月まで続いた。 以下は前便文です。againstの目的語がthe caliph and the Ottoman Empireの両方か、the caliphだけか。私は後者です。そう考えないと続き具合が変になります。特にhad ignored the wishes of the Caliphとの関係がちぐはぐになるようで…。 >Medina, an Islamic holy city in Arabia, underwent a long siege during World War I. Medina was at the time part of the Ottoman Empire. In the war, the Ottoman Empire sided with the Central Powers. Sharif Hussain of Mecca betrayed and revolted against the caliph and the Ottoman Empire which, under the leadership of the secular and nationalistic Young Turks, had ignored the wishes of the Caliph and sided with the Central Powers. ⇒アラビアのイスラム教聖都メディナは、第一次世界大戦中は長期間の包囲を経験した。当時、メディナはオスマン帝国の一部であった。本戦でオスマン帝国は同盟国に味方した。メッカのシャリフ(知事)であるフセインは、カリフ(教主)を裏切り、反乱を起こした。そして、オスマン帝国は、非宗教的国家主義的な青年トルコ党員の指揮の下、カリフ(首長)の願いを無視して同盟国に味方していた。 >Hussain instead sided with the British Empire. T. E. Lawrence was instrumental in this revolt. Hussain occupied Mecca and besieged Medina. It was one of the longest sieges in history that lasted till even after the end of war. Fahreddin Pasha was the defender of Medina. He was called "the Lion of the Desert" by the British press for his patriotism in Medina. The siege lasted two years and seven months. ⇒その代りに、フセインは大英帝国に味方した。T. E.ロレンスは、この反乱の手助けをした(映画「アラビアのロレンス」参照)。フセインはメッカを占領して、メディナを包囲した。それは史上最長の包囲の1つで、戦争終結の後でもまだ続いた。ファレディン・パシャ(パシャ=高官)は、メディナの防衛長官であった。彼は、メディナへの愛国心ゆえに、英国報道関係者によって「砂漠の獅子」と呼ばれていた。包囲は、2年7ヵ月間続いた。

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  • 日本語訳をお願いいたします。

    It was the beginning of the end of the Ottoman Empire and it was the beginning of a Hashemite kingdom whose capital was Mecca. Gradually it expanded northward. This battle left deep scars on the Middle East. Arab states came under strong European influence. The Ottoman caliphate ended and Palestine came under British rule, leading to the eventual existence of the state of Israel. The Sharif of Mecca was himself deposed by the rival Ibn Saud and his dream of an Arabian state stretching from Yemen to Syria remained unrealized.

  • 英文を日本語訳して下さい。

    It was the beginning of the end of the Ottoman Empire and it was the beginning of a Hashemite kingdom whose capital was Mecca. Gradually it expanded northward. This battle left deep scars on the Middle East. Arab states came under strong European influence. The Ottoman caliphate ended and Palestine came under British rule, leading to the eventual existence of the state of Israel. The Sharif of Mecca was himself deposed by the rival Ibn Saud and his dream of an Arabian state stretching from Yemen to Syria remained unrealized.

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    Medina, an Islamic holy city in Arabia, underwent a long siege during World War I. Medina was at the time part of the Ottoman Empire. In the war, the Ottoman Empire sided with the Central Powers. Sharif Hussain of Mecca betrayed and revolted against the caliph and the Ottoman Empire which, under the leadership of the secular and nationalistic Young Turks, had ignored the wishes of the Caliph and sided with the Central Powers. Hussain instead sided with the British Empire. T. E. Lawrence was instrumental in this revolt. Hussain occupied Mecca and besieged Medina. It was one of the longest sieges in history that lasted till even after the end of war. Fahreddin Pasha was the defender of Medina. He was called "the Lion of the Desert" by the British press for his patriotism in Medina. The siege lasted two years and seven months.

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  • 英文を日本語訳して下さい。

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