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In September 1916, General Murray moved his headquarters from Ismailia on the Suez Canal back to Cairo in order to deal more efficiently with the continuing threat from the Senussi in the Western Desert. General Lawrence was transferred to France where he served as Chief of Staff to Field Marshal Haig in 1918. Field Marshal William Robertson, the British Army's Chief of the Imperial General Staff, set out his global military policy at this time in a letter to Murray of 16 October 1916, in which he stated "I am not intent on winning in any particular quarter of the globe. My sole object is to win the war and we shall not do that in the Hedjaz nor in the Sudan. Our military policy is perfectly clear and simple ... [It] is offensive on the Western Front and therefore defensive everywhere else." In this climate of defensive military policy, Major-General Sir Charles Dobell, who had acquired a reputation for sound work in minor operations, was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general, given the title of GOC Eastern Frontier Force and put in charge of all the troops on the canal and in the desert. His headquarters was established at Ismailia and he began to organised his command into two parts, the Canal Defences and Desert Column. Also in October, Eastern Force began operations into the Sinai desert and on to the border of Palestine. Initial efforts were limited to building a railway and a waterline across the Sinai. The railway was constructed by the Egyptian Labour Corps at the rate of about 15 miles (24 km) a month and the British front moved eastward at the same speed.[84] By 19 October the Anzac Mounted Division Headquarters was at Bir el Abd where the 52nd (Lowland) Division joined them on 24 October.

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以下のとおりお答えします。 英国軍の、東部前線軍の司令長官交代とその作戦行動について述べています。 >In September 1916, General Murray moved his headquarters from Ismailia on the Suez Canal back to Cairo in order to deal more efficiently with the continuing threat from the Senussi in the Western Desert. General Lawrence was transferred to France where he served as Chief of Staff to Field Marshal Haig in 1918. ⇒1916年9月、マレー将軍は西砂漠のセヌッシからの継続的脅威に対してより効率的に対処するために、その本部をスエズ運河のイスマイリアからカイロに戻した。ローレンス将軍が1918年フランスに転任し、参謀総長として陸軍元帥ヘイグのもとに服務した。 >Field Marshal William Robertson, the British Army's Chief of the Imperial General Staff, set out his global military policy at this time in a letter to Murray of 16 October 1916, in which he stated "I am not intent on winning in any particular quarter of the globe. My sole object is to win the war and we shall not do that in the Hedjaz nor in the Sudan. Our military policy is perfectly clear and simple ... [It] is offensive on the Western Front and therefore defensive everywhere else." ⇒この時点で、英国軍の帝国参謀総長、陸軍元帥ウィリアム・ロバートソンが、1916年10月16日に軍隊の包括的方針についてマレー宛の手紙にしたためてこう述べた。「私は、地球のいかなる特定地域においても勝利する、ということに拘泥しているわけではない。私の唯一の目的は、戦争に勝つことであり、我々はヘジャズやスーダンでは勝ちに拘らないことにしよう。我々の軍隊の方針は、完全に明快単純である…。〔それ(=わが軍)〕は、西部戦線では攻撃的だから、他のところではすべて防御に徹するのである。」 >In this climate of defensive military policy, Major-General Sir Charles Dobell, who had acquired a reputation for sound work in minor operations, was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general, given the title of GOC(*) Eastern Frontier Force and put in charge of all the troops on the canal and in the desert. His headquarters was established at Ismailia and he began to organised his command into two parts, the Canal Defences and Desert Column. ⇒この防衛的な軍隊政策の風潮の中、少将チャールズ・ドーベル卿が、小さな作戦行動で音に聞こえるほどの働きをしたとの評判を得て、中将の官位への昇進に推され、東部前線軍の司令長官(*)の称号を与えられ、運河と砂漠の全軍を預かることとなった。彼の本部はイスマイリアに設立され、手始めとして管轄部隊を運河防御隊と砂漠縦隊の2つの部隊に組織した。 (*) GOC:General Officer Commanding「司令長官」。 >Also in October, Eastern Force began operations into the Sinai desert and on to the border of Palestine. Initial efforts were limited to building a railway and a waterline across the Sinai. The railway was constructed by the Egyptian Labour Corps at the rate of about 15 miles (24 km) a month and the British front moved eastward at the same speed.[84] By 19 October the Anzac Mounted Division Headquarters was at Bir el Abd where the 52nd (Lowland) Division joined them on 24 October. ⇒その東部前線軍はまた、10月にシナイ半島砂漠地とパレスチナの境界戦線に作戦行動を開始した。当初の取り組みは、シナイ半島を横切る鉄道と送水管の敷設に限定された。鉄道は、1ヶ月あたり約15マイル(24km)の割合でエジプト労働隊により建設されたので、英国軍の前線も同じ速度で移動東漸していった。10月19日までには、アンザック軍騎馬隊師団司令部がビル・エル・アブドに駐屯したが、10月24日に第52(ローランド)師団もそこに合流した。

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