The World of Data and Observation: Factuality and Actuality

  • Factuality, the world of data and observation, and a sense of reality the perspective in which we understand evidence, do not yet constitute the world of knowledge.
  • Erikson suggests a third dimension of existence, actuality, which for our purposes means knowledge gained in and through action.
  • This suggests that true knowledge goes beyond mere observation and data, and requires action and experience.
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Factuality, the world of data and observation, and a sense of reality the perspective in which we understand evidence, do not yet constitute the world of knowledge. Erikson suggests a third dimension of exstence, actuality, which for our purposes means knowledge gained in and through action. です。よろしくお願いします。

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  • 英語
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  • Him-hymn
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Factuality, the world of data and observation, and a sense of reality the perspective in which we understand evidence, do not yet constitute the world of knowledge. Erikson suggests a third dimension of exstence, actuality, which for our purposes means knowledge gained in and through action. データと観測の世界という事実と、証拠を内包する憶測という現実とでは、まだ知識の世界を突き動かすことにはならない。 エリクソンは、我々の目的にとっては、存在、つまり事実の3番目の次元は、我々の目的にとっての、実践の中にあり、実践を通して得られる知識を意味する。 以上、いかがでしょうか?





  • 英文和訳お願いします。

    Factuality, the world of data and observation, and a sense of reality, the perspective in which we understand evidence, do not yet constitute the world of knowledge. Erikson suggests a third dimension of existence, actuality, which for our purposes means knowledge gained in and through action. です。よろしくお願いします。

  • この英文の和訳お願いします。 難しいです。

    There are therefore 192 subjects(forty per cent of the sample) whose happiness and domestic efficiency are to a greater or lesser extent dependent on the ready accessibility of their children or other relatives. No solution of the problems of old age will be acceptable to the people themselves or to their children which does not take the family factor into account. King, Sir Geoffrey, formerly Permanent Secretary, Ministry, of Pensions and National Insurance, "Policy and Practice", Old Age in the Modern World, 1995. Studies in other places such as Hammersmith, Acton, and Northern Ireland have also produced some evidence of close ties between old people and their relatives and of a willingness to bear the burden of nursing care. But the evidence gained in these inquiries was incidental to their main purposes. There has been no specialized study of the place of the old person in the family. Yet such detailed knowledge may be fundamental to any understanding of old age or of its problems. That is the starting point of this study. How often do old people see their children and their brothers and sisters, and do they live near or far? What services do relatives perform for each other every day and at times of crisis? What is the differences in family role of an old man and an old woman? Can a more precise meaning be given to loneliness and social isolation and what does it mean to be widowed, single, or childless? Is the status of old people undergoing change? Which old people make the greatest demand on the State aid or replace the efforts of the family? These are some of the questions which will be discussed in this report.

  • 和訳

    抜き出した文章なんですが以下の和訳の添削をお願いしたいです>< (1)the study of the nature and behavior of natural things and the knowledge that we obtain them. 自然の研究と自然の物の行動と知識は私たちが手に入れるものです。 (2)knowledge about the structure and behavior of the natural and phsical world, based on facts that you can prove, for example by experiments: 構造と自然の行動と物理的な世界の知識はあなたが証明できる事実にもとづいている。例えば実験によって (3)knowledge about the world, especially based on examination and testing and facts that you can proved. 知識についての知識、特に試験とテストとあなたが証明した事実について基づいているもの。 (4)knowkedge or a system of knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws. Such knowledge or such a system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena. 知識又は知識のシステムは一般の真実又は一般の法則の操作をカバーしている。このような知識又はシステムは物理的な世界とその現象に関係している (5)the systematic study of the nature and behavior of the material and physical universe,based on observation, experiment,and measurement,and the formulation of laws to describe these facts in general terms. 自然と物質的で物理的な宇宙の組織的な研究は観察、実験、測定、法則の公式化に基づいていて、これらの事実は一般の言語で描写される。 間違いなどありましたら正しい和訳お願いします><

  • 和訳をお願いします。

    Aside from forcing a recognition of the personal elements of inquiry, Erikson suggests that personal involvement opens up potentialities for insight. Behavior is reflexive; it emerges through transactions. Understanding the transactional environment requires a “feel” for what is human about behavior. Such understanding demands an appreciation of factuality and a perspective on reality, but also a sense of action and what it can reveal. です。長いですが、どうしても専門書のためうまく訳できません。お願いします。

  • 英文の和訳をお願いします

    以下の文章です。 It is, of course, true that the emancipation of Asia and Africa and the development of the European crisis went hand in hand. Among the factors which facilitated the rise of independence movements in Asia and Africa, we must include the weakening of the grip of the European powers, Iargely as a consequence of their own discords and rivalries and of the wastage of resources in which their wars resulted. From the time of the First World War the incipient nationalist movements in the non-European world profited and the sudden collapse of the European empires after 1947 was to a large extent a consequence of external pressures and of the impact of world politics. In Asia neither the British nor the French nor the Dutch ever recovered from the blows inflicted by japan between 1941 and 1945; while in Africa and the Middle East they were checked and forced into retreat by pressures from the United States-acting directly and through the United Nations-which had a strong anti-colonial tradition of its own and was unwilling to stand aside while colonialism drove the peoples of Asia and Africa over to the side of the Soviet Union. Nationalism came to Asia a century later than it came to Europe and to black Africa fifty years later than to Asia. Two external events in the early years of the twentieth century were a powerful stimulus in its rise. The first was the victory of Japan over Russia in the war of 1904-5ー a victory hailed by dependent peoples everywhere as a blow to European ascendancy and proof that European arms were not invincible. Its impact was redoubled when, ten years later,the Japanese defeated the Germans in Shantung; and the successful campaigns of Kemal Ataturk against France in 1920 and Greece in 1922 were greeted in the same way as Asian victories over western military power. The second event was the Russian revolution of 1905ーa revolution which produced scarcely an echo in Europe but which, seen as a struggle for liberation from despotism, had an electrifying effect throughout Asia. The wave of unrest extended as far as Vietnam, and its impact, in sparking off the Persian revolution of 1906, the Turkish revolution of 1908 and the Chinese revolution of 1911, and in the new impetus it gave to the Indian Congress movement in 1907, was such that its consequences in Asia have been compared with those of the French revolution of 1789 in Europe.

  • 英文契約書

    英文契約書の勉強を続行しています。この間質問にお答えいただきましたが、また分からない文章にぶつかりました。executedやdeemed to constituteなどの訳し方がさっぱりわかりません。どなたかご教授いただければ、ありがたいです。This agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts and any single counterpart or set of conterparts signed, in either case by all the Parties hereto shall be deemed to constitute a full and original agreement for all purposes. constituteは構成するという意味だと思うのですが、すべての目的において、完全で当初の契約を構成するというような、中途半端な訳しかできない状態です。どうぞ、よろしくお願いします。

  • 和訳をお願いします。

    All the concern with thoughtful variable specification, precise measurement, and cautious interpretation of results has to do both with developing data worthy of being called factual and with understanding the limits of such data. Although the factual view of the world seldom seems to have the glamour subtlety of, say, the poetic view, we have tried to establish that it has a power and social utility of its own. Factuality is a necessary component of our world view, though the limitations on creating factual information, and the limited forms of observation and measurement we bring to the task, require a broader perspective on knowledge. この段落がうまく訳できません。長いですが、よろしくお願いします。

  • 英文の和訳を教えて下さい。 こちらの英文の続きの文章になります。 ダッシュやコンマで繋がり、一文が長いものもあり、良く分かりませんでした。 お願いします。 Vanuatu and Hawaii are following the lead of yet another island: Iceland, which amazed the world in 1999 when it announced its intention to become the world’s first hydrogen society. Iceland, which spent $185 million – a quarter of its trade deficit – on oil imports in 2000, has joined forces with Shell Hydrogen, DaimlerChrysler and Norsk Hydro in a multimillion dollar initiative to convert the island’s buses, cars and boats to hydrogen and fuel cells over the next 30 years. In part, the transition to hydrogen energy is fuelled by three of the world’s most pressing energy-related problems: worsening urban air pollution, rising geopolitical instability due to oil import dependence, and accelerating climate change from fossil fuel combustion. Prolonging petroleum and coal reliance in transportation and electricity will increase global carbon emissions from 6.1 to 9.8 billion tons of carbon by 2020. In the absence of alternative energy sources in the market, the use of coal and oil are projected to increase by approximately 30 and 40 per cent, respectively. According to the World Energy Assessment, the accelerated replacement of oil and other fossil fuels with hydrogen could help achieve ‘deep reductions’ in carbon emissions and avoid the doubling of pre-industrial CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere: a level at which scientists expect major and potentially irreversible ecological and economic disruptions, such as sea level rising, coastal flooding, extreme weather events and loss of both biodiversity and agricultural productivity. It is no wonder that islands, stationed on the front lines of both the rising tides of climate change and a vulnerability to high oil prices, are in the vanguard of the hydrogen push.

  • 和訳をお願いします。

    和訳をお願いします。 man,though his body is insignificant and powerless in comparison with the great bodies of the astronomer's world,is yet able to mirror that world,is able to travel in imagination and scientific knowledge through enormous abysses of space and time.

  • 和訳お願い致します。

    The early speculator was harassed by no such scruples, and asserted as facts what he knew in reality only as probabilities. But we are not on that account to doubt his perfect good faith, nor need we attribute to him wilful misrepresentation, or consciousness of asserting that which he knew not to be true. He had seized one great truth, in which, indeed, he anticipated the highest revelation of modern enquiry -- namely, the unity of the design of the world, and its subordination to one sole Maker and Lawgiver. With regard to details, observation failed him. He knew little of the earth's surface, or of its shape and place in the universe; the infinite varieties of organized existences which people it, the distinct floras and faunas of its different continents, were unknown to him. But he saw that all which lay within his observation bad been formed for the benefit and service of man, and the goodness of the Creator to his creatures was the thought predominant in his mind. Man's closer relations to his Maker is indicated by the representation that he was formed last of all creatures, and in the visible likeness of God. For ages, this simple view of creation satisfied the wants of man, and formed a sufficient basis of theological teaching, and if modern research now shows it to be physically untenable, our respect for the narrative which has played so important a part in the culture of our race need be in nowise diminished. No one contends that it can be used as a basis of astronomical or geological teaching, and those who profess to see in it an accordance with facts, only do this sub modo, and by processes which despoil it of its consistency and grandeur, both which may be preserved if we recognise in it, not an authentic utterance of Divine knowledge, but a human utterance, which it has pleased Providence to use Providence a special way for the education of mankind.