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お願いします (21) Augustus was a hard-working emperor. He traveled to many of the provinces under his care, but he was sickly and didn't expect to live very long. After his military campaign in Spain, Augustus returned to Rome and, in 23 BCE, became quite illand began thinking about a successor to follow him as Rome's ruler. His first choice had been his nephew Marcellus, but Marcellus had died young─not long after he had married Julia, the emperor's only daughter. (22) Julia played the key role in her father's search for a successor. After Marcellus died, she had to marry again, to a man of her father's choice. For her next husband, Augustus chose his general Agrippa, his closet friend and advisor. Although Julia was much younger than Agrippa, she dutifully married him, and the couple had five children. Then Agrippa died. (23) Although Augustus adopted his young grandsons as his heirs, he still needed a husband for Julia to protect the boys in the event of his own death. So he forced his stepson Tiberius to divorce his wife, even though Tiberius loved her very deeply. (He used to follow his former wife on the streets, weeping.) The marriage between Julia and Tiberius was a disaster: Julia was unfaithful, and Tiberius went into exile on the Greek island of Rhodes. Augustus was forced to banish his own daughter from Rome for her crime of adultery. (24) Julia must have spilled many tears over her father's marriage choices for her─especially the last one. She hated Tiberius, and he felt the same way about her. Even so, she would never have questioned her father's right to select her husbands. This was a parent's duty, especially if dad happened to rule the Roman Empire.

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(21) アウグストゥスは、勤勉な皇帝でした。彼は保護下にある地方の多くへ旅しました、しかし、彼は、病がちで、あまり長く生きるとは思っていませんでした。スペインでの彼の軍事作戦の後、アウグストゥスはローマに戻りましたが、紀元前23年に、病が重くなり、ローマの統治者として彼のあとを継ぐ後継者のことを考え始めました。彼が最初に選んだのは、彼の甥のマルケルスでした、しかし、マルケルスは、若くして世を去りました ― 彼が、皇帝のただ一人の娘ジュリアと結婚したあと間もなくのことでした。 (22) ジュリアは、彼女の父親が、後継者を探す際に、大切な役割を演じました。マルケルスの死後、彼女は、父の選んだ男性と再婚しなければなりませんでした。彼女の次の夫に、アウグストゥスは、彼の最も親しい友人であり相談相手である、彼の部下の将軍アグリッパを選びました。ジュリアは、アグリッパより随分年下でしたが、彼女は、従順に彼と結婚しました、そして、この夫婦には、5人の子供たちが出来ました。それから、アグリッパは、死にました。 (23) アウグストゥスは、彼の幼い孫を彼の相続人にしましたが、 彼は、彼自身の死に際して、その男の子たちを保護するために、まだジュリアのために夫を必要としました。それで、たとえチベリウスが、非常に深く彼の妻を愛していたとしても、彼は、継子のチベリウスに彼の妻と離婚することを強いました。(泣きながら、彼は、通りで元妻の後を追いかけたものでした。)ジュリアとチベリウスの結婚は、悲惨でした:ジュリアは、不貞を働きました、そして、チベリウスは、ギリシアのロードス島に追放の身となりました。アウグストゥスは、彼自身の娘を不貞の罪でローマから追放せざるを得ませんでした。 (24) ジュリアは、彼女の父親が彼女に選んだ結婚 ― 特に最後の結婚 ― に対して多くの涙を流したにちがいありません。彼女は、チベリウスが嫌いでした、そして、彼もまた、彼女について同様に感じました。それでも、彼女は、夫を選ぶ彼女の父親の権利を決して疑いませんでした。特に父親が、偶然、ローマ帝国を統治することになれば、これは親の義務でした。

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  • 日本語訳を!!

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