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1 “Where's Mike?”“He's just () for the station. You can catch him if you run.” アarrived イgone ウleft エset 2 “Is Bill still using your car?”“Yes, I wonder when he () it.” アhas returned イreturned ウreturnes エwill return 3 If it () raining soon, shall we go out for a walk? アstopped イstops ウwill stop エwould stop 4 I plan to study abroad as soon as I () this English course. アhad finirhed イhave finished ウwill finish エwill have finished 5 It's our wedding anniversary next Tuesday, and by then we () married for ten years. アare イwill have ウwill have been エwould have 6 We () playing baseball for about half an hour when it started to rain very heavily. アhad been イhave been ウmight be エwould be 7 Solving the problem was more difficult than (). アwe had thought イour thinking ウour thoughts エwe did 8 Where is Takashi? He said he () here at exactly 6:30 p.m. アis イwill be ウwill have been エwould be 9 I suggested to Mary () with me to collect empty cans on the street, but she said she was too busy. アcome イthat she come ウthat she had come エto have come 10 “Do you know what Junko is doing?”“Well, she () a book when I saw her a while ago.” アhad been reading イhas been reading ウmay be reading エwas reading 1 “May I borrow your dictionary?” “I'm sorry, but Betty (back,brought,hasn't,it,to me).” 2 She says she thinks (me,she,seen,has,before), but I don't remember her. 3 (raining,since,it,has,this morning,been). 4 This is (had,have,in months,the best,we,weather). 5 How (known,have,other,you and Tom,long,each)? 6 It (be,bebomes,before,Japan,long,not,very,will) a society of the elderly. 7 How (does,digits,have,many,postcode,your)? 8 (been,very,insects,have,successful) on land, mainly because they (the,ability,evolved,fly,have,to). 9 Human activities (damaged,land,one-fourth of,the world's total,have,seriously) area. 10 In recent years, people have become more health-conscious and consequently (fat,have,reduced,the amount of,they) eat. 各問題に、訳例と解説をあわせて付けて頂けると助かります。(整序問題については、訳例は無くても結構です。)特に、記号問題の答えとしての根拠を詳しく説明して頂ければと思います。

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1. ウ left 「マイクはどこにいますか?」「彼は駅に向けて出たところです。あなたが走れば彼をつかまえられますよ。」 ☆ leave for「~に向けて出発する」 2. エ will return 「ビルはまだあなたの車を使っているのですか?」「はい、いつ返してくれるんだろうと思っています。」 ☆ ここの when ... は名詞節→未来形。 3. イ stops もしすぐに雨が止んだら、散歩に出かけましょうか? ☆ if... は「条件の副詞節」→未来代用の現在形。 4. イ have finished この英語の課程を終え次第、私は留学する予定です。 ☆ as soon as...は「時の副詞節」→未来完了の代わりに現在完了。 5. ウ will have been 今度の火曜日は私たちの結婚記念日です、その時までに私たちは結婚して10年になります。 ☆未来完了の受け身 6. ア had been 野球を始めて30分ほどした時雨が激しく降り出しました。←雨が降り始めた時、私たちは(その前から)約30分間野球をしていました。 ☆過去完了進行形 7. ア we had thought その問題を解くのは、私たちが思っていたよりも難しかった。 ☆過去完了。 8. エ would be タカシはどこにいますか?彼は、午後6:30きっかりにここに来ると言っていました。 9. イ that she come 私はメアリーに私と一緒に来て、通りの空き缶を集める様に提案しましたが、彼女は忙しすぎると言いました。 ☆「提案・要求等を表わす動詞に続くthat節中では、「that S [should] 原形」になる。 10. エ was reading 「順子が何をしているか知っていますか?」「あの、私がしばらく前に彼女を見かけた時は、彼女は本を読んでいました。」 ☆私が見かけた時点での、順子の行動。過去進行形。その前から読んでいたのかもしれませんが、見かけた時点での順子の行動と言うことで、過去進行形。 1. "May I borrow your dictionary?" "I'm sorry, but Betty hasn't brought it back to me." 「あなたの辞書を借りてもいいですか?」 「ごめんなさい、でも、ベティがまだそれを私に返してくれていないのです。」 2. She says she thinks she has seen me before, but I don't remember her. 彼女は、以前私に会ったことがあると言いますが、私は、彼女を覚えていません。 3. It has been raining since this morning. 今朝から雨が降っています。 4. This is the best weather we have had in months. ここ何カ月ぶりのよい天気です。 5. How long have you and Tom known each other? あなたとトムは知りあってどれくらいになるのですか? 6. It will not be very long before Japan becomes a society of the elderly. 間もなく日本は高齢者の社会になるでしょう。 7. How many digits does your postcode have? あなたの郵便番号は何ケタありますか? 8. Insects have been very successful on land, mainly because they have eveloved the ability to fly. 昆虫は陸上で成功を収めました、主たる理由は、彼らが飛ぶ能力を進化させたからです。 9. Human activities have seriously damaged one-fourth of the world's total land area. 人間の活動は、全世界の陸地の4分の1に深刻な被害を与えました。 10. In recent years, people have become more health-conscious and consequently have reduced the amount of fat they eat. 近年、人々はより健康を意識するようになり、結果的に、口にする脂肪の量を減らしました。

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整序問題の訳例まで付けて頂き、大変ありがたいです。 若干微妙な箇所がありましたので助かりました。 ご丁寧な解説も参考にさせて頂きます。ありがとうございました。 http://oshiete.goo.ne.jp/qa/7418163.html

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