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(1)~(3)まで教えてください。 According to researchers from the University of Manchester, 90% of the world's language are ((1)) to disappear by 2050. One such tongue is Tofa, spoken by only about 60 people who keep reindeer on the empty land in Siberia. One of the researchers speaks the language, and says that he can speak fluently enough to be able to express anything he wants to say. The researchers have been trying to keep records of endangered languages or videos. They have done fieldwork across the globe to investigate languages ranging from Faroese (50,000 speakers) to Banawa, one of 300 languages spoken in the Amazon basin. At a recent meeting, Yaron Matras, who speaks 13 languages, played a recording of a British Romani speaker made in the 1950s. He said that British Romani is now ((2)) at the level of extinction, and he is ((3)) looking for the alleged four or five families in Wales who still speak it. There is no shortage of languages. At the last count there were about 6,000 , but only 4% of them are spoken by 96% of the people in the world. About 10 languages, including English, Arabic, and Hindi, are spoken by more than 100 million people each. No one needs to worry about them. But the little languages with little chance of survival need help. According to a professor at the University of Manchester, people are aware of threats to ecology and of species dying out, but they don't realize that we are leaving languages to die out. It is true that every languages is the repository of the culture of the people who speak it. When we lose the last speaker, we lose the people's cultural memory.

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   マンチェスター大学の研究者たちによると、世界の言語の90%は2050年までに消滅するとのことだ。 その一つの例は、シベリアの無人地帯でトナカイを飼育し、60人程の話し手を持つトファ語である。研究者の一人はこの言葉を話し、言いたいことは何とか流暢にこの言葉で言える、と言う。     これらの研究者たちは、危機に瀕した言語を、録音や録画に留めようと努力してきた。彼らは、ファロー語(話者5万人)からアマゾン川流域で話されている300の言語の一つ、バナワ語に至るまで、世界各地で現地調査を行っている。13言語を話すヤロン・マトラスは、最近の集まりで英領ロマニ語の1959年の録音を再生して聞かせた。彼は英領ロマニ語は、現在絶滅の状態にあり、まだこの言語を話していると言われる4ないし5家族を探し求めている、と言う。

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