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英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

the second shock was an economic shock and the direct result of a combination of american economic problem: a growing trade imbalance with japan and a dollar that had become too highly valued in the rest of the world. a package of economic policies was announced by president nixon in august that led to an immediate 10% reduction in the value of the dollar (which meant that japanese goods would be more expensive in the u.s) and a temporary 10% tax on imports. the shift in the japanese-american relationship was not only caused by the increased power of japan; america's dominant position in the world was also undergoing serious changes. the watergate scandals and the loss of the war in vietnam combined to cause the american people to lose faith in themselves and to question america's role as the leader of the western bloc. the oil crisis of 1973 added to this malaise by decreasing america's economic ability to support its overseas defense commitments. many congressmen questioned why the u.s was spending money to defend japan when it was increasingly obvious that increased japanese economic strength was one cause for the economic recession in the u.s. 長いですがよろしくお願いします!


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2番目のショックは、経済的ショックとアメリカの経済問題の組合せの直接的な結果でした:日本との増大する貿易不均衡と世界の他の地域であまりに高く評価されるようになってしまったドルによるショックでした。経済政策のパッケージが、8月にニクソン大統領によって発表されました、それは、ドルの価値の即時の10%の切り下げに至りました(これは、日本の商品がアメリカでより高価になることを意味していました)そして、輸入に対する一時的な10%の課税でした。 日米関係の変化は、日本の増加した力に起因するだけでありませんでした;世界でのアメリカの優位な地位は、また、深刻な変化を被っていました。ウォーターゲート事件とベトナム戦争の損失が組み合わさって、米国民に彼ら自身に対する自信を失わせ、西側ブロックのリーダーとしてのアメリカの役割を疑わせる原因となりました。1973年のオイルショックは、その海外での防衛に対する取り組みを支えるアメリカの経済的能力が低下することによって、この不安感を増大させました。増大した日本の経済力が米国の景気後退の1つの理由であることがますます明らかになるにつれて、なぜ米国が日本を防衛する金を使っているのかについて、多くの(米国)国会議員が疑いを持ちました。



  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

    japan, inc. the american anger toward japan was a direct result of the growing trade deficits. when japanese exports to the u.s. first began to increase signifi-cantly, america was pleased at this sign that its student had learned its lessons so well. however, the teacher felt increasingly helpless as it watched its atudent take control of more and more domestic markets. the japanese became an irresistible scape-goat for american economic problem. as the economic power of japan increased, both the u.s. and japan gradually recognized that, after more than one hundred and twentyyears of either american domination or conflict, the japanese were ap-proaching economic parity with america. the amer-ican reaction to this realization was mixed, but initially negative. "made in japan" had always been a synonym for cheap and shoddy goods. most americans still thought that japan was an under-developed country. how could they be taking over american markets? the shock of realization created a new image of japan in u.s. -- primarily eco-nomic and nagative. 長いですが、宜しくお願いします!

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

    At this time the united states was still the over-whelmingly dominant force in the relationship. japanese foreign policy was tired very closely to the Western bloc in the cold war. Not only was japanese security guaranteed by the american military, but the fledgling japanese economic miracle was dependent upon its ties to the american economy. The Amer-icanization of japan was becoming more evident every year. Major changes were bound to follow the steady increase in the strength of the japanese economy. the first japanese surplus in the balance of trade came in 1965. From that year until 1969 the U.S. and Japan maintained a relatively balanced trade. In 1969 Japan accumulated a surplus of almost one billion dollars and, with the exception of a few years in the middle of the 1970s, never looked back.The growing power of the japanese economy was forcing changes in the relationship.

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

    the nixon shocks the presidency of richard nixon can be used as a convenient starting point to mark a difficult period of adjustment to the increased power of japan. nixon's 1968 presidential election campaign had depended on strong support from the textile-producing southern states. in order to get those votes he promised to take a hard stand in favor of protectionist barriers against japanese textile imports--a promise carried out after his election. acrimonious negotiatiations between japan and the nixon administration continued for over two years and created negative feelings on both sides of the pacific. the nixon administration was also responsible for the return of okinawa and the nixon doctrine (which reduced the number of u.s. troops in asia). these two policies were in many ways beneficial to japanese,but together created doubt in the minds of many jpanese as to america's commitment to the security of japan. these doubts were increased in the summer of 1971 by the nixon shocks.

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

    old negative stereotypes of the japanese that had been around since world war II were brought back and applied to the new economic context. they were sneaky. they said "yes" at a business meeting, but later said they were just thinking about it. they could not be trusted. they were ungrateful. they were hurting the american economy after the war and taking american jobs after americans had helped them to restart their economy after the war and protected it while it was growing. some americans actually believed that the japanese could only have success-fully competed with america by cheating. 国際/外国語

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

    japan was no longer the quaint exotic country that the occupiers had seen, it was "japan, inc" as newspapers and weekly news magazines became flooded with information about the japanese economy and work habits, americans began to perceive the japanese as "economic animals" who cared for nothing but work, work, work. the image was that of a mass of workers, all alike, running from their rabbit hutches in the morning, stuffing them-selves into trains, disgorging into factories where they produced millions of stereos, cars and cameras, day after day, 24 hours a day. japan was seen as a floating factory in which government and bureaucratic leaders collaborated with the owners of private industry to attack and conquer american markets. the idea of collaboration between government and industry was particularly galling to the united states. the american economy had always been run with as much separation of government and private industry as possible, and anything else was seen as unfair competition. 長いですが、和訳をお願いします。

  • 英語 長文の和訳をお願いいたします。

    how we got here perry's display of american technology and weaponry was succesful in opening japan, and during the first three decades of the meiji period the U.S. served as a model for japanese modernization, but it was never an equal relationship. americans were the teachers and were more than happy in their role, teaching the japanese everything from english to baseball to military strategy. they believed that God had given them the best country and the best civiliza-tion in the word, and that their duty was to spread their culture to others.

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

    Perhaps more importantly, the seeds of japanese culture were spread in the united states by the almost two million americans who came to japan during the occupation. While they represented only about one percent of the population, they had a tremendous influence on the american image of japan. As each of them returned to the U.S., they brought tales of life in this strange, exotic country which spread to their friends, relatives and neighbors.

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

    they believed that if they could teach the japanese to adopt the best of american culture and create an american democracy in asia, japan would become a better country and the world a safer place. japan was given a new constitution based, for the most part, on the american constitution which stressed local control over education and the police. Men were no longer allowed the legal right of control over their families and women were allowed to vote. the 6-3-3 educa-tion system was introduced and parents were given oversight through the PTA. Unions were formed.

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください.

    the americans even changed the absentee landlords and selling it to the peasants. the occupation also brought back american cul-true. bobbysocks, hamburgers, hollywood, Reader's Digest and american slang all came with the occu-piers, but did not leave with them. in films, maga zine and, later, on television, millions of japanese saw the american dream appear before their eyes. great houses surrounded by rolling lawns, big cars, handsome teenagers drinking soda pop at the drug store and dancing to rock 'n' roll; these images became the goals that many young japanese struggled to achieve in the years to come as they worked to make the economic miracle a reality.

  • 英語の長文和訳。

    英語が得意な人が居ましたら、 和訳をお願いします。 I'm glad that I can talk to you about my life here in Texas. I can't believe that about Three months have already passed since I came. Every day has been so exciting for me. I have always been interested in America. I began to study English when I was ten years old. Since then I have wanted to be able to speak English well. Soon after exciting high school in Japan. I hoped to go to America. So I studied very hard. At last my dream came true and I arrived in Texas. I have made so many friends through living and studying here in America. Last week one of my friends, Kate, invited me to dinner. Her parents went to Japan last lear. She showed me some pictures they took to remember their trip. At dinner, Kate's mother asked me about Japanese cooking. She said, "I hear that tofu is very healthy, but I don't know many ways to cook it. Maki, could you tell me a few different ways to cook it?" putting tofu in miso soup was the only way I could think of. later, Kate's father asked me about haiku. He said,"I hear that haiku was born in Japan. Would you tell me about Japanese haiku?" I couldn't tell him about haiku because I don't remember anything I learned about it. After dinner, we talked about our towns. Kate asked me the population of mine, but I couldn't answer that question,either. I was surprised to be asked questions like those. Before coming here, I read a lot of books about America, not Japan. My friends here want to know about Japan as much as I want to know about America. I never thought of that before. I now understand that it is important to learn about one's own country and to be able to talk about it. 以上です。 誤字や脱字があったらすみません。 和訳、宜しくお願いします。