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英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

the second shock was an economic shock and the direct result of a combination of american economic problem: a growing trade imbalance with japan and a dollar that had become too highly valued in the rest of the world. a package of economic policies was announced by president nixon in august that led to an immediate 10% reduction in the value of the dollar (which meant that japanese goods would be more expensive in the u.s) and a temporary 10% tax on imports. the shift in the japanese-american relationship was not only caused by the increased power of japan; america's dominant position in the world was also undergoing serious changes. the watergate scandals and the loss of the war in vietnam combined to cause the american people to lose faith in themselves and to question america's role as the leader of the western bloc. the oil crisis of 1973 added to this malaise by decreasing america's economic ability to support its overseas defense commitments. many congressmen questioned why the u.s was spending money to defend japan when it was increasingly obvious that increased japanese economic strength was one cause for the economic recession in the u.s. 長いですがよろしくお願いします!

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2番目のショックは、経済的ショックとアメリカの経済問題の組合せの直接的な結果でした:日本との増大する貿易不均衡と世界の他の地域であまりに高く評価されるようになってしまったドルによるショックでした。経済政策のパッケージが、8月にニクソン大統領によって発表されました、それは、ドルの価値の即時の10%の切り下げに至りました(これは、日本の商品がアメリカでより高価になることを意味していました)そして、輸入に対する一時的な10%の課税でした。 日米関係の変化は、日本の増加した力に起因するだけでありませんでした;世界でのアメリカの優位な地位は、また、深刻な変化を被っていました。ウォーターゲート事件とベトナム戦争の損失が組み合わさって、米国民に彼ら自身に対する自信を失わせ、西側ブロックのリーダーとしてのアメリカの役割を疑わせる原因となりました。1973年のオイルショックは、その海外での防衛に対する取り組みを支えるアメリカの経済的能力が低下することによって、この不安感を増大させました。増大した日本の経済力が米国の景気後退の1つの理由であることがますます明らかになるにつれて、なぜ米国が日本を防衛する金を使っているのかについて、多くの(米国)国会議員が疑いを持ちました。

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関連するQ&A

  • 英語 長文の和訳を教えてください。

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