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不定詞の模範解答と解説をお願いします(中学レベル)

(1)They were surprised when they saw the strong man cry. They were surprised( )( )the strong man cry. (2)She works hard to pass the test. She works hard ( )( )to pass the test. (3)Tom worked hard to support his family. Tom worked hard( )( )he( )support his family. (4)It is believed that he could not live to be an old man. It is believed that he could not live ( ). (5)My grandfather lived to be eighty years old. My grandfather lived ( )he was eighty years old. (6)こんな嵐の中に行くとは、彼は気でも狂ったにちがいない。 He must be crazy ( )( )out in this stormy weather. (7)彼女は気難しい。 ( )is hard to( ). (8)言いたくなければ彼に言う必要はありません。 You needn’t tell him if you don’t ( )( ). (9)Let me introduce my family to you. ( )I introduce my family to you? (10)これらのりんごをいれていくものをくれますか? Can you( these apples/ something /carry/ me /to/ in/ give)? (11)整序問題です。不定詞に関係ありません。 私は私のおじさんがパリに向けて日本を出発して以来,手紙をもらっていません. (my, Japan, left, I, for, he, heard, since, from, haven't, uncle, Paris). よろしくお願いします。

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(1)They were surprised when they saw the strong man cry. They were surprised(to)(see)the strong man cry. 彼らは、屈強な男性がなくのを見て驚いた。 (2)She works hard to pass the test. She works hard (in)(order)to pass the test. 彼女は、試験に合格するために頑張っています。so, as, も可。 (3)Tom worked hard to support his family. Tom worked hard(so)(that)he(might)support his family. トムは、家族を養うために一生懸命働きました。so, that, could も可。 (4)It is believed that he could not live to be an old man. It is believed that he could not live (long). 彼は、長生きできないと信じられている。 (5)My grandfather lived to be eighty years old. My grandfather lived (till / until)he was eighty years old. 私の祖父は、80歳まで生きました。 (6)こんな嵐の中に行くとは、彼は気でも狂ったにちがいない。 He must be crazy (to)(go)out in this stormy weather. (7)彼女は気難しい。 (She)is hard to(please). 「彼女は喜ばせにくい。」と考える。It is hard to please her. も可。 (8)言いたくなければ彼に言う必要はありません。 You needn’t tell him if you don’t (want)(to). この to は、to tell him のことで、「代不定詞」と呼ばれる。 (9)Let me introduce my family to you. (Shall)I introduce my family to you? 私の家族をあなたに紹介しましょう。 (10)これらのりんごをいれていくものをくれますか? Can you( these apples/ something /carry/ me /to/ in/ give)? Can you give me something to carry these apples in? carry these apples in a bag の様に使うので、something to carry these apples in の最後の in を落とさないように。 (11)整序問題です。不定詞に関係ありません。 私は私のおじさんがパリに向けて日本を出発して以来,手紙をもらっていません. (my, Japan, left, I, for, he, heard, since, from, haven't, uncle, Paris). I have't heard from my uncle since he left Japan for Paris. hear from ...「~から便りがある」、leave A for B 「Bに向けてAを出発する」

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分かりやすい解説ありがとうございました。 塾の昇降テストに向けて必死で覚えます。

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