• ベストアンサー
  • 困ってます

英訳に困っています><助けてください><

The family life cycle Even if a theory is a little bit limited, it may still be useful . For instance , Duvall (1971)developed a model of the different stages of marriage which has been criticized in similar ways - it is culturally specific and it doesn't take account of the experiences of single parents , or of divorce , for example . But even with its shortcomings , the model can still help us to understand how a consistent long- term marriage goes through different phases ; and how there phases actually involve different behaviour on the part of the couple , and different assumptions about what they are actually doing. Duvall identified eight different stages of marriage in all . The first of these is the honeymoon period , in which the married couple are learning to live together, without children . At this time , they are getting to know each other and setting the foundations for their later life together . Statistically , a couple whose honeymoon period lasts for two years or more before children come along are much more likely to stay together in the long term than those who only have a brief interval before starting a family . This may partly be because they have the time to get to know one another as people much better . The second period in Duvall's model is the nurturing period, when the oldest child is less than two years old, and the couple are learning to cope with being new parents . It can be a stressful time for both of them, and it isn't made easier by lack of sleep, and anxiety about how the child or children are progressing . So at this time , the couple are likely to need to give one another quite a high level of both practical and emotional support; and knowing each other well can make for fewer misunderstanding and quarrels.

noname#136221

共感・応援の気持ちを伝えよう!

  • 回答数1
  • 閲覧数89
  • ありがとう数1

質問者が選んだベストアンサー

  • ベストアンサー
  • 回答No.1
  • sayshe
  • ベストアンサー率77% (4555/5903)

家族のライフサイクル たとえ理論が少し制限されるとしても、それはまだ役に立つ場合があります。 たとえば、デュバル(1971)は、同様に批判されてきた結婚の異なる段階のモデルを開発しましたーそれは文化的にはっきりしています、そして、例えば、それは片親の、または、離婚の経験を考慮しません。 しかし、その欠点があっても、一貫した長期の結婚がどのように異なる段階を経験するかについて;そして、夫婦の側の異なるふるまいと彼らが実際にしていることについての異なる仮定を、それらの段階が実際にどのように含むかについて我々が理解するのに、そのモデルは役立ちます。 デュバルは、結婚の全部で8つの異なる段階を確認しました。 これらで最初のものは蜜月期間です。そこにおいて、結婚した夫婦は、子供なしで、同棲することを学んでいます。 この時期、彼らは互いをよく知るようになり、共に後の人生の基礎を築いています。 統計学的には、子供が生まれる前に、蜜月期間が2年以上の間続く夫婦は、家庭(子供のいる生活)を始める前に短い期間しかない夫婦より長期間共に暮らすことがずっと多い様です。 これは一部には、彼らが人としてお互いをよりよく知る時間があるためかもしれません。 デュバルのモデルの第二期は、子育ての期間です、この時期第一子は2才未満で、夫婦は新しい親になることに対処することを学んでいます。 夫婦双方にとってストレスの多い時期になりえます、そして、それは睡眠不足と子供あるいは子供たちがどのように成長するかについての不安によってより簡単ではなくなります。 それでこの時期には、夫婦は、お互いにかなり高い水準の実質的かつ情緒的な支援をお互いに与えあう必要がありそうです;そして、よく互いを知ることは、誤解や喧嘩を減らすことに役立ちます。

共感・感謝の気持ちを伝えよう!

質問者からのお礼

ほんとにほんとにありがとうございます>< 非常に勉強の助けになってます@@

関連するQ&A

  • 英訳教えてください><お願いします><

    Then there is the sixth period, which Duvall refers to as the launching period, as the young adults emerge to become independent in society . Typically, this period involves some degree of support from home-perhaps providing a home for a child who is away at college during term-time, or providing help with furnishings or a regular Sunday lunch for a young adult who is independent and working. This period lasts from the time when the first child leaves , to when the last child leaves home. The seventh of Duvall's stages is the empty-nest period, when all the children have left and the parents are together at home . This can be quite a difficult adjustment for some couples , particularly if the children have been the exclusive focus of attention for most of their time together. Some couples , though ,find it a pleasant relief , because it means they can simply enjoy one another's company again. They often begin a number of co-operative activities that they weren't doing before , such as redecorating, or travelling. The final period in the family life cycle , described by Duvall, is the retirement period , in which the members of the partnership who were working are now retired . This , too , can be aperiod of re-adjustment , particularly if one of the couple has been accustomed to having the house to themselves for most of the day.

  • 英訳を手伝ってください。

    「同性愛と言うものは、何も特別なことではない。ただ単に好きになった人の性別が自分と同じだっただけのことだ。好きな人が出来るとその人のことをもっと知りたくなったり、もっと一緒に同じ時間を過ごしたいと思うのは老若男女、万国共通のことである。そして結婚して、寝食や生計をともにし、日常に起こる嬉しいことや悲しいことなどの価値観を分かち合うといのが私の意見での結婚の醍醐味である。」を訳して To love somebody whose sex is the same is not special. Gay men and lesbians happen to love somebody whose sex is the same as them. It is universal and common for everybody to feel like being with and spending more time with the partner who one loves. If the couple is getting along well with each other, it is no wonder that they want to share their sense of value and the spend time together rest of their life. This is the relish and zest of marriage, and these feeling are not only for heterosexual people, but for homosexual people. となりましたが、いかがなものでしょうか?

  • 英訳困っています >< 助けてくださ~い><

    The third stage is what Duvall referred to as the authority period , in which the family are bringing up pre-school children , with the oldest between two and five years old. Essentially, the parents have to train their pre-schoolers to behave in a socially acceptable way , and not like tyrannical little monsters! This, too, can be a deeply demanding phase for the parents. Things often ease up a little when the family enters the interpretive preriod , in which the oldest child is between five and 13 years old , and at school. (The reason why Duvall categorizes these stages from the age of the oldest child is mainly because this signals the need for the parents to learn new behaviours. They have already learned most of the behaviours they will need for younger children-although each child is different, of cource.) The fifth period in the family life cycle is the interdependent period, which consists of families with teenagers. At this time it becomes possible for the teenagers to take more of a share in the emotional and physical aspects of the family , and the relationship between parents and child can become a two-way, interdependent one rather than a simple, one-way , denpendent one.

  • 英訳助けてください><お願いします★

    There are some big problems with this type of approach to studying adulthood. One of them is that it is very culturally specific━it is probably fine for describing the lives of middle-class white North Americanmen, but things may be rather different for people of different backgrounds, where the normal course ofliving takes different forms . Another is that it doesn't account for individial differences. Some people don'tleave home until much later in life;some people don't experience a lengthy period of independence but marryfrom their family home ;and some come across these transitions at very different ages. So it would be difficult to say how the model applied to them. Insight We will all experience several life- transitions , but they will be different for each of us. It is more useful to try to explore the psychological processes involved as we tackle our life-transitions,than to try to predict categorically what those life-transitions will be. If there are so many problems with this type of model, why should we bother with it at all? Well, mainly because it's a start. By identifying the kinds of things that are missing from a model like this, we can move towards developing better theories. Psychology doesn't have all the answers: it is continually changing, and trying to improve its theories and ideas. When a new area is first opened up, the initial theories are often quite liited;but they provide a useful basis for further research which can help us to develop a deeper understanding.

  • 翻訳希望です

    翻訳をしていただけるかた、 お願いできますか? ミスがあるかもしれませんが、 よろしくお願いします。 What will become of it long term?, For this we need to move away from the ascendant, for the ascendant is the beginning of the chart and the background the long term period of the relationship. To get the further future and find how this deep love will unfold and end we must move to another part of the horoscope. Lets come to the seventh house next, His house of marriage and see what is revealed. The planets in this area of the horoscope can reveal if marriage/ a permanent relationship is a possibility, or it is more likely to break up.

  • 英文和訳をお願いします。

    To clarify the dynamics depending on k, we have reported a bifurcation diagram in Fig. 4. It shows different values of quantity for different values of k, particularly between 0.15 and 0.29. It is easily illustrated that we move from stability through a sequence of a period doubling bifurcations to chaos.

  • 困っています!英語の和訳です!

    数式などが入り混ざっているので、どうしてもできませんでした; できる方お願いします! It should be noted that the "best line" is not exactly determined. A visual estimate can often be made of a range of possible lines. From this, uncertainties in M and B can be estimated. Method of Averages. The constants in a linear equation may be calculated from only two pairs of values for the variables. In general, more than two pairs of values are available, and different values for the constants will be obtained when different experimental points are used in the calculation. One method for determining the constants by using all the experimental data is the method of averages. This method is based on the assumption that the correct values of the constants M and B are those which make the sum of the residuals equal zero. The residuals (Vi) are the differences between the values of Y calculated from the empirical equation and the experimentally determined values (Yi). In the case we are discussing, the residuals are (Vi)= MXi + B - Yi This assumption gives only one condition on the constants, and sos it is further assumed that if there are r constants, the residuals may be divided int r groups and ΣVi = 0 for each group.The groups are chosen to contain nearly the same number of experimental values, but it should be noted that different methods of choosing the groups will lead to different values for the constants. If the number of residuals in a group is K, the summation of Equation.

  • 【至急】英文の和訳です。よろしくお願いします。

    In the third period, the child makes rapid progress in increasing his or her vocabulary and learning new skills in discovering the meaning of unfamiliar words by the way the words are used in the reading material. In addition, children during this period of reading development learn to read for different purposes and in different subjects, such as science and history. They learn that reading, besides being something that one dose at school, is also something that one can do alone,for fun, for factual information, or to learn more about the world in general. Finally, in the fourth period, the student improves the skills that have been leaned. He or she develops the ability to connect ideas from one piece of writing to another, and learns to compare the opinions of different writers on the same subject. Young persons should reach the fourth period of reading by the time they are 13 or 14 years old, and, if they try, they can continue to increase their reading ability for the rest of their lives. They can read by themselves and are prepared to learn more about reading.

  • どうか下記の英訳お願いします。

    When comparing chip forms at low and high speed, significant differences in chip shape are observed. Figures 5.6 and 5.7 illustrate the differences between typical chip collections at low speed and high speed, respectively. It is seen in Fig. 5.6a that many of the particles are in fact chunks of material rather than nicely formed chips. It is possible that the chunks were formerly parts of larger chips that have since broken down and that chip thickness values should be recalculated based on the larger chip size. It can also be seen that the high speed chips in Fig.5.6b are more consistent in terms of length, width, and depth. Their lamellar spacing is also regular in period, witch would indicate that cutting conditions at high speed are stable. Single chip formations are shown in Fig.5.7 While the width observed is similar to that for low speed cutting, Fig.5.7a is compared to the high speed chip form in Fig.5.7b. The chip length of high speed chips is much shorter than of low speed chips. This could be because at low speed the chip has a greater time in contact with the workpiece thereby removing more material, which is reflected in the increased chip length.

  • 下記の英訳ができなくて困っています。お願いします。

    When comparing chip forms at low and high speed, significant differences in chip shape are observed. Figures 5.6 and 5.7 illustrate the differences between typical chip collections at low speed and high speed, respectively. It is seen in Fig. 5.6a that many of the particles are in fact chunks of material rather than nicely formed chips. It is possible that the chunks were formerly parts of larger chips that have since broken down and that chip thickness values should be recalculated based on the larger chip size. It can also be seen that the high speed chips in Fig.5.6b are more consistent in terms of length, width, and depth. Their lamellar spacing is also regular in period, witch would indicate that cutting conditions at high speed are stable. Single chip formations are shown in Fig.5.7 While the width observed is similar to that for low speed cutting, Fig.5.7a is compared to the high speed chip form in Fig.5.7b. The chip length of high speed chips is much shorter than of low speed chips. This could be because at low speed the chip has a greater time in contact with the workpiece thereby removing more material, which is reflected in the increased chip length.